Staff members with discipline International & European Law
Academia develops at the interface of different fields. This is one reason why the University of Groningen is home to a wide range of fields, each with a great number of subject specialists. The overview below, which is based on a standard categorization of fields, will help you find the right expert for each field. If you cannot find the expert you are looking for in this list, try searching via a related field or faculty; you may find him or her there.
- Human Rights in the Digital Age.
- Privacy and Data Protection.
- Digital Identity.
- Digital Technologies for Governance purposes (incl. ‘Blockchain’).
- Security and Surveillance in context of the rule of law.
- Personal Data and Time (‘right to be forgotten’).
- Internet Governance.
- International and European human rights law
- Socio-economic human rights law
- Access to modern energy services / energy poverty
- Disaster management / international disaster law
- Environment/climate change (litigation)
- Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
- Extra-territorial/transnational human rights law
- New/critical approaches to IL / feminist approaches
Teaching: Public international law; International human rights law; Legal English
International Criminal Law
International Dispute Settlement
Her current research focuses on two aspects: (a) Construction of legal citizenships in South Asia and (b) use of hateful narrative in creation of identity and belonging.
Customary International Law
Dr Mando Rahcovitsa holds an Assistant Professorship in International Law at the University of Groningen since August 2016. She read for her PhD at the School of Law, University of Nottingham (UK) on the topic of fragmentation of international law. Upon completion of her PhD thesis, she took up an Assistant Professorship in International Law at Qatar University where she taught international law and human rights (2013-2016).
She was the Lecturer of the Year (Faculty of Law, University of Groningen, 2017) making her the first woman, international member of staff and non-Dutch speaker to get this award in the Faculty of Law. She was a visiting scholar at Melbourne Law School, Institute for International Law and the Humanities (July 2019). She is a barrister and solicitor (Greece, 2006 - present) (currently non-practicing). Dr Rachovitsa has advised the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, and the Ministry of Interior of Qatar on Internet regulation and policy. She has given expert feedback to the UN Special Rapporteur on Privacy regarding the draft legal instrument on government surveillance and privacy and provided written comments. She is a participant to the Research Group on Human Rights Protocols Considerations (Internet Research Task Force) drafting human rights related guidelines to be considered by the engineering community when creating and updating Internet standards.
Overview of Research
Her research interests lie in the area of public international law and international human rights law. Her research straddles on two main areas. In the first strand of research she explores judicial dispute settlement, including interpretational and jurisdictional issues across international courts and the expertise of judges. The second strand of research addresses the relevance of international law and human rights to Internet regulation. She writes on international transfers of data, and how public interest considerations may inform law-making and the institutional design of Internet global governance bodies. At the moment she is working on the research project “Making the hidden visible: Co-designing for public values in standards-making and governance” funded by the Dutch Research Council (NWO) (March 2020 - March 2024). For more details please see Projects on this webpage.
This dissertation examines how potential distortions in testimonial evidence are taken into consideration within the legal process, and to what extent this requires and adjustment of both investigative and prosecutorial procedures. International criminal courts and tribunals prosecute those responsible for atrocities such as genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. The majority of evidence in such cases is testimonial. Questioned before the court, both witnesses and the accused can testify to answer the who, what- where-, and when-questions in order to determine who can be held responsible for the crimes. Nevertheless, judgments of international crimes frequently mention, for example, the lack of detail, coherence and/or consistency throughout testimonies. The extent to which this affects the credibility and reliability of the witness or the accused, and ultimately the admissibility of the evidence is important to take into consideration for fact-finding – during both the investigation and prosecution of international crimes. As such, this dissertation focusses on how the legal process deals with potential distortions in testimonial evidence, especially considering the traumatic nature of international crimes. Investigations and prosecutions of these crimes involve potentially vulnerable and traumatized witnesses as well as witnesses whose evidence is of a particular sensitive nature, as they may, for example, testify in relation to allegations of sexual violence or torture. The methodology consists of an empirical study of transcripts of proceedings, case law, rules of procedure and evidence, and investigation manuals of the International Criminal Court (ICC), International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), and the Dutch prosecution of international crimes, as well as potential interviews with legal practitioners. In addition, the research builds upon a thorough review of legal and criminological scholarship on potential distortions in testimonial evidence in (international) criminal cases. The thesis reports the results of the extensive analysis of data concerning the collection and assessment of testimonial evidence and the consideration of potential distortions throughout this process. It is critically analyzed to what extent judicial proceedings and those involved in the process of investigating and prosecuting these crimes take into consideration the implications of potential distortions of both witnesses and the accused and their effect on testimonial evidence. The dissertation contributes to an enhanced understanding thereof, which may better equip fact-finders to identify potential misrepresentations of truth throughout the investigation and prosecution and acquire corroborating evidence necessary for the adjudication of international crimes.
In 2013, she was awarded a Rosalind Franklin Fellowship at University of Groningen Faculty of Law, which led to her appointment in the Chair Health Law in a Global Context in 2018. She is the initiator of Global Health Law Groningen Research Centre, which hosts around fifteen researchers who focus on various dimensions of health and human rights.
Brigit has published widely in legal, public health and multidisciplinary journals, including Human Rights Quarterly, Harvard Health and Human Rights, the BMJ, and Tobacco Control. She participates in several international and domestic bodies, including as co-chair of the Global Health Law Committee of the International Law Association, as board member of the Dutch Association of Health Law, and as Coordinator of the Aletta Jacobs School of Public Health.
With funding from the Dutch Cancer Society/Lung Foundation she conducts research in the field of tobacco control since 2016, looking at tobacco concerns particularly through a human rights lens. Brigit was member of the Committee on vaccination for childcare (Commissie Vermeij), and acts as a consultant to various international bodies, including the WHO and UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Health. More recently, Brigit is engaging with international standard-setting, including regarding the adoption of an international standard protecting healthy diets.
State of Emergency
Interdisciplinary Research and Education Management