Prof. Irene Tieleman and Prof. Joana Falcão Salles, both GELIFES, have received an ENW-KLEIN grant from the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) worth EUR 710,000. The grant is for their project ‘Microbiome-mediated functions of avian preen glands: understanding the chemosignalling and antimicrobial potentials’. In addition, Prof. Rampal Etienne (GELIFES) has received an ENW-KLEIN grant as a co-applicant. Together with Dr. Frederic Lens from Naturalis, he receives EUR 708,000 for the project ‘Untangling species diversification on islands: the role of traits’.
Birds are inhabited by communities of microorganisms, that fulfil beneficial functions for their hosts. Some scientists therefore propose that animals should not be considered as animals, but as meta-organisms – obligate symbiotic life forms of animals with their microorganisms. Until recently, most attention has focused on gut microbes. This project will investigate which microorganisms live in preen glands of birds, and what – through preening of feathers – the contributions are of these microorganisms to the communication between birds and to the antimicrobial protection of their plumage. The investigators expect to find associations between microbial functions and life history strategies of birds.
Due their isolation and well-defined boundaries, islands have been considered excellent case studies to unravel evolutionary process that have shaped present’s day biodiversity. However, one of the unresolved key questions in biodiversity research is why some animal and plant lineages have radiated spectacularly, while others remained species-poor or did not radiate at all. To solve this long-standing problem, Lens and Etienne want to develop a new theoretical island model that investigates the impact of potential key traits on speciation and extinction of species, using the most abundant plant family on islands (sunflower family) and the best studied archipelago (Canary Islands).
The ENW-KLEIN grant offers researchers the opportunity to establish scientific innovations that can form the basis for research themes of the future.
Four researchers of the Faculty of Science and Engineering of the University of Groningen (the Netherlands) have received an ENW-XS grant from the Dutch Research Council (NWO). These grants are awarded to encourage curiosity-driven and bold...
EIC Pathfinder grants are intended to support research teams in investigating or developing an emerging breakthrough technology.
What is special about these grants is that they come under the Global Challenges & European Industrial Competitiveness branch of Horizon Europe. This means that the technological application has already been considered.
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