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Education Bachelor's degree programmes Minorities & Multilingualism
Header image Minorities & Multilingualism

Minorities & Multilingualism

What exactly are minorities? How do minorities use their language and culture to stand against majorities? How do we deal with multilingualism in a multicultural society?

In the BA programme Minorities & Multilingualism you will learn about languages, cultures, histories and politics of (linguistic) minorities in the Netherlands, Europe and beyond. Instead of focusing on the majority, in this programme you will focus on the non-dominant groups in society. Through knowledge and understanding of cultural and linguistic diversity, the programme educates you to become an expert in the area of diversity management, group formation and multilingualism.

The entire programme is taught in English by staff of the department of Minorities & Multilingualism | Frisian. If you want, you can specialise in Frisian, the local minority. Fieldwork is an integral part of the study, in which you’ll put the theories you’ve encountered in the programme into practice. In addition, you’ll develop essential speaking and writing skills that are also applicable outside the framework of minorities and multilingualism.

Interested? Visit our Open Day, or join our web class !


Facts & Figures
Degree
BA in Minorities & Multilingualism
Course type
Bachelor
Duration
36 months (180 ECTS)
Croho code
56012
Language of instruction
English
Start
September
Faculty
Arts
Studie in Cijfers
Why study this programme in Groningen?
  • Unique perspective: M&M is the only programme of its kind in the Netherlands. Because we are a freestanding programme (not part of another department such as History or Languages and Cultures), each course is uniquely designed to take the perspective of minorities or multilingualism as its starting point. Through the experts we have in the department in various fields (history, linguistics, narratology), you are ensured of developing a wide field of vision on the issues surrounding minorities
  • Small groups: In our programme you are a name, not a number. This allows plenty of room for interaction and student contributions during the seminars.
  • Internationalisation: We encourage students to spend a semester at a university abroad as part of their studies.
Programme

In the first year, you'll acquire foundational knowledge on the topics in the programme. You'll attend courses on the history of (linguistic) minorities in Europe, language change, multilingualism in society and linguistics.

In History of European minorities I and II you'll learn about the history of different minorities in Europe and how, throughout time, language and culture have played an integral part in this. Minority languages I and II explores the vitality of minority languages and factors that may contribute to language change, and examines whether language change, or even language death, can be predicted.

The course Introduction to linguistics teaches you the foundations of linguistics and the various domains from which linguists examine language (phonology, syntax, semantics, and so forth). In Multilingualism I and II you'll be dealing with questions relating to whether language shapes the way we think, and how different languages in our brain influence each other, but also how we can best deal with multilingualism in the educational domain.

Periods
CoursesCourse Catalog >1234
History of European Minorities I (5 EC)
Introduction to Linguistics I (5 EC)
Minority Languages I (5 EC)
History of European Minorities II (5 EC)
Introduction to Linguistics II (5 EC)
Minority Languages II (5 EC)
Eurolab 1a: European Migration (5 EC, optional)
Landen/samenlevingen, Midden-Oosten I (5 EC, optional)
Minorities in Contemporary Europe I (5 EC)
Multilingualism I (5 EC)
Taalvaardigheid Fries Ia (5 EC, optional)
Eurolab 1b: European Migration (5 EC, optional)
Minorities in Contemporary Europe II (5 EC)
Multilingualism II (5 EC)
Taalvaardigheid Fries Ib (5 EC, optional)

In year two you extend your knowledge. The courses deal with themes relating to the cultural diversity of minorities and their cultural representations in arts and literature. In addition, you'll develop your research skills and apply these in the local 'lab'. You'll also make a start with your minor, or you can opt to specialise in Frisian.

You'll examine the cultural diversity of minorities in Europe and the (un)founded ideas that persist on this in society in the course Minorities in contemporary Europe. Art and literature as a means of rebellion and the creation of an identity is the focus of Minority representations in arts, culture and media. You'll also learn about gender minorities and the position they take in society.

In addition to extending your knowledge, you will put this knowledge into practice. The course Research Methodology teaches you the necessary research skills that you will put to use in the two Into the local lab courses. You will apply the knowledge and skills that you have obtained on multilingualism and minorities in the other courses to your surroundings.

In addition to the courses in the second year of the programme, students get a wide selection of minors to choose from. There is also the possibility to specialise in Frisian. In this Frisian specialisation trajectory, Frisian proficiency is combined with Old Frisian studies, the history of Friesland and Frisian literature.

Periods
CoursesCourse Catalog >1234
Min. repr. in Arts and Literature I (5 EC)
Research Methodology II (5 EC)
Taalvaardigheid Fries IIa (5 EC, optional)
Keuzevak 1 (20 EC, optional)
Min. repr. in Arts and Literature II (5 EC)
Research Methodology I (5 EC)
Taalvaardigheid Fries IIb (5 EC, optional)
Geschiedenis van Friesland (10 EC, optional)
Into the Laboratory: Language (10 EC)
Into the Local Laboratory: Cultural Heritage (10 EC)
Intro to Gender and Sexuality Studies (10 EC, optional)

In year three you will complete your studies and look ahead to future study and/or career opportunities. You can spend a semester at a university abroad, or complete an internship. In the final semester, you'll write your Bachelor thesis.

In the first semester you have the opportunity to study at a partner university abroad, follow a career minor, or a university minor. In the second semester, you'll take a course on multilingualism in educational domains and tackle intercultural communication issues in the course Diversity management. In these two courses you will look ahead at possible career paths in the (multilingual) education- or cultural heritage sector.

As an alternative, you can also do an internship at a company or organisation that deals with themes relating to minorities and/or multilingualism. You finish your studies by writing a Bachelor thesis; an intensive research project on a topic of your own choosing, in which you can put everything you have learned into practice.

Periods
CoursesCourse Catalog >1234
Friese Literatuur (10 EC, optional)
Friese Taalkunde (10 EC, optional)
Oud-Fries (10 EC, optional)
Vrije Ruimte (30 EC, optional)
BA-thesis (10 EC)
Into to Local Laboratory: Language (10 EC)
M&M Diversity Management (10 EC)

Curriculum

Disclaimer: The second and third-year course units shown in the table are subject to change in the event of alterations to the programme.

Programme options
Frisian (track)

As part of the full programme Minorities & Multilingualism students can follow a specialisation track in Frisian language and culture. For more information see link above.

More information about this option

Minors (minor)

The fifth semester of your studies is dedicated to your Minor: a coherent set of future-oriented course units. It prepares you for a follow-on Master's degree program or for entering the labour market. You can opt for a Career Minor, a Minor abroad, a University Minor or a Faculty Minor.

More information about this option

University of Groningen Honours College (honours program)

The Honours College will give talented, motivated students the chance to be challenged even more by following Honours programmes and taking part in numerous other activities.

The Honours College comprises a broadening part and a deepening part and has a study load of 45 ECTS credit points besides the 180 ECTS credit points from your regular Bachelor programme.

More information about this option

Study abroad

  • Study abroad is optional
  • For an average of 16 weeks
  • Maximum of 30 EC

As part of your studies we encourage students who want to, to spend a semester at a university abroad. In this way, you'll be able to experience what you have learned in the courses in a different setting.

Entry requirements

Admissible Dutch diploma profiles

  • Natuur & Techniek
  • Natuur & Gezondheid
  • Economie & Maatschappij
  • Cultuur & Maatschappij
  • HBO propedeuse

    Additional requirements English: Minimum requirement of TOEFL iBT 90 (with a minimum of 21 on all items), or IELTS 6.5 (with a minimum of 6 on all items). Language Centre English Test (LCET) level C1 (B2 for no more than two components). Cambridge C1 Advanced or C2 Proficiency with a minimum score of 180.

  • academic propedeuse

Choice of degree programme check

The degree programme will organize a matching procedure. Attendance is optional. The advice is not binding.

Explanatory notes

If you intend to start with a bachelor degree programme at the University of Groningen in September, make sure to apply before June 1 in Studielink. The degree programme will give you the option to participate in a matching activity to see if you and the degree programme are a match. Which matchings activity they provide depends on the faculty and programme.

Any questions about matching? Check www.rug.nl/matching

Application deadlines

Type of studentDeadlineStart course
Dutch students01 May 202101 September 2021
EU/EEA students01 May 202101 September 2021
non-EU/EEA students01 May 202101 September 2021

Choice of degree programme check

If you intend to start with a bachelor degree programme at the University of Groningen in September, make sure to apply before June 1 in Studielink. The degree programme will give you the option to participate in a matching activity to see if you and the degree programme are a match. Which matchings activity they provide depends on the faculty and programme.

Any questions about matching? Check www.rug.nl/matching

Admission requirements

Specific requirementsMore information
language test

Minimum requirement of TOEFL iBT 90 (with a minimum of 21 on all items), or IELTS 6.5 (with a minimum of 6 on all items). Language Centre English Test (LCET) level C1 (B2 for no more than two components). Cambridge C1 Advanced or C2 Proficiency with a minimum score of 180.

previous education

Dutch VWO diploma, a German Abitur, an International Baccalaureate diploma, a European Baccalaureate or another diploma that is sufficient for acceptance to a Dutch university. Students with a Dutch 'hbo propedeuse' diploma also need to meet the language requirements mentioned above.

Application deadlines

Type of studentDeadlineStart course
Dutch students01 May 202101 September 2021
EU/EEA students01 May 202101 September 2021
non-EU/EEA students01 May 202101 September 2021
Tuition fees
NationalityYearFeeProgramme form
EU/EEA2020-2021€ 2143full-time
non-EU/EEA2020-2021€ 9500full-time

The Dutch government intends to halve the statutory tuition fees for specific groups of first year bachelor's students starting from the 2018/19 academic year.

https://www.rug.nl/education/tuition-fees-halved

Practical information for:

After your studies

Job prospects

With a degree in M&M you are widely qualified on the job market. You have knowledge of issues surrounding minority groups in society, which makes you a suitable candidate to work at governmental agencies, as a policy advisor in education, diversity, minorities or cultural heritage. Or report on minority politics by becoming a journalist. Your knowledge of multilingualism and diversity management is valuable in careers where you have to deal with people from different (linguistic) backgrounds.

How can a city deal with multilingualism in the public domain? As language policy advisor your knowledge of this comes in handy. Or specialise in multilingualism in the workplace and develop communication strategies for (international) companies. With a specialisation in Frisian you are able to work in the Frisian cultural sector; at the Historic and Literary Center Tresoar, the Afûk, or the Fryske Akademy.

Most students continue their studies in a Master programme, for example the Master Multilingualism, or Euroculture. With a specialisation in Frisian language and culture it is also possible to deepen your knowledge in Frisian literature, or to get a teaching qualification.

Job examples

  • Policy maker language, culture, heritage

    A policy maker develops and evaluates a policy and may assist in the execution of the policy.

  • Researcher

    After your bachelor's, you can obtain a master's degree and choose to enroll in a PhD program in the Netherlands or abroad.

  • Communication expert

    As a communication expert in the field of intercultural communication you advise national and international organizations on efficient and effective communication.

  • Translator

    Students may use their language skills to become a translator.

  • Civil servant

    As a graduate, you have gained competency in a broad range of transferable skills in the field of language, culture, politics and minorities. This makes you an asset to public organisations.

  • Journalist

    Students interested in journalism may consider using their language proficiency and knowledge of political and cultural affairs to work as correspondents or reporters for national or international media outlets.

  • Diverse jobs

    Students who follow the Frisian track can carry out various functions in Friesland after graduation. Think of a job with the provincial government or medium-sized cultural institutions, such as Tresoar, Afûk, Frisian Museum and Omrop Fryslân.

Research

The lecturers in the educational programme also conduct research in the areas in which they teach. With a broad BA programme, the different research fields are also well-represented: language contact studies, multilingualism in education, history of Friesland, literary studies, Frisian phonology, gender studies and psycholinguistics. When you have completed your master studies, you can choose to further your academic career by conducting a PhD.

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Student for a Day - Minorities & MultilingualismOude Kijk in 't Jatstraat 26More information

Contact

  • 
						Testimonial of Nienke Jet de Vries

    Developing the Province's language policy

    – Nienke Jet de Vries
    Read more

    I work as a policy officer at the Province of Fryslân and my portfolio comprises language, education and literacy policy. As a policy officer I develop the Province's language policy together with my colleagues and help implement it. Political and societal developments have a direct effect on my work. On the one hand this makes the work dynamic and sometimes ad hoc, and on the other it gives you a feeling of involvement with the people of the province.

    I came across the Minorities and Multilingualism (Fryske Taal en Kultuer) programme by chance. I was doing the General Linguistics programme and a number of minors at the Frysk Ynstitút. I enjoyed that so much that I decided to do the full programme. After my Bachelor’s degree I did the Master’s in European Literature and Culture and the Master’s in Multilingualism.

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  • 
						Testimonial of Lucia Baldassini

    Improving the curriculum together

    – Lucia Baldassini
    Read more

    I decided to study Minorities and Multilingualism because I wanted to understand the underlying causes of the
    difficulties in dialogue between majority and minority groups. So far the programme has helped me develop critical thinking, speaking and writing skills, and has given me all the basic tools I need to analyse the complex reality of minority groups.

    What I particularly enjoy is the close contact between lecturers and students, which is made possible by the small scale of the programme. I also had the opportunity to engage in extracurricular activities. With other students I founded the study association of the programme and I’m part of the Programme Committee where education issues, such as evaluation of courses, are on the agenda. I think it’s very important that staff and students work together to improve the curriculum.

    The opportunity to get to know another culture was one of the reasons I chose to study abroad. And Groningen is the best city to live as a student. The city really makes the effort to get its citizens involved in various activities.

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  • 
						Testimonial of Mille van der Spoel

    The combination of politics, history, culture, and language in light of minorities in societies seemed like a wide set of aspects that sounded very interesting to me.

    – Mille van der Spoel
    Read more

    About Mille

    My name is Mille van der Spoel and I study Minorities and Multilingualism (M&M). Besides this, I am the Chair of Network of Arts, the studentboard of the Faculty of Arts. Due to this position, I am in contact with many students and teachers.

    Why Minorities and Multilingualism?

    I noticed this program while I was still studying Psychology. Studying Psychology was not right for me and I started looking for something else. When I heard about M&M I almost immediately thought that it was perfect for me. The combination of politics, history, culture, and language in light of minorities in societies seemed like a wide set of aspects that sounded very interesting to me. I still consider this to be true. There is a lot of variety within the program: some courses focus on language in combination with minorities, others focus on history and society in combination with minorities, some courses focus on all these aspects at once.

    Because of the 30 ECTS you can gain by following courses from other programs, you can create your own set of knowledge and prepare yourself for the Masters of your choosing. M&M offers many different futures and because it is a rather small program, there is a lot of personal attention for every student.

    Read more about Mille van der Spoel and why she chose to study M&M in Groningen!

    Questions? Send Mille an e-mail!

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  • 
						Testimonial of

    It is nice to not be a number in the business of education, but a student in the education of the world

    Read more

    'At the risk of getting all 'eat, pray, love' on you guys, I began to better realise my interests whilst travelling around and this manifested into linguistics, sociology and writing. This course hits the nail on the head, with a combination of all of the above.

    Of course, going into the programme I had a rough idea of what to expect, but now I am extremely happy with my decision. A big plus for me is the hands on approach teachers have with the students. I feel accountable and contactable. My last tertiary experience was in a really large setting with hundreds of students enrolled in the one course. This is fantastic for some people, but for me, I really appreciate being on a first name basis with lecturers and developing a rapport with everyone involved in my education. Not only that, but the teachers are all up to date with what we are learning across all classes within the course and having such complementary classes enables learning to be a lot more enjoyable and cohesive.

    If you are considering an English taught programme in linguistics and have an interest in the sociological impact languages play, then you should really consider this course. It is nice to not be a number in the business of education, but a student in the education of the world.'


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  • 
						Testimonial of Jesse David Marinus

    I needed a programme that would challenge me

    – Jesse David Marinus
    Read more

    After two years of Applied Law (HBO-Rechten) I needed a programme that would challenge me, one where I could research rather than search. M&M is an interdisciplinary programme that combines anthropology, politics, history, sociology, linguistics and multilingualism. The programme has motivated me to be active, and all the support has made it possible for me to take extra course units, do volunteer work at LGBT organisation COC and the Frisian youth association FYK, serve on the board of DAG (student movement for democratization at RUG), and be chairman of the study association Multi. The small class size makes it possible for the professors and lecturers to focus on individual students and lead an active discussion. Living in Groningen gives a boost to your student life, as it is a vibrant, young and exciting city.

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Web Class

Are you at secondary school and want to know what studying at university is like? The Minorities & Multilingualism programme is offering a web class! This online course from the University of Groningen is specially designed for secondary school students.

If you are interested in an Minorities & Multilingualism web class, register here.
This study is also available as a part-time study.

Read more

Study associations

Multi

Multi is the study association of the bachelor programme Minorities & Multilingualism at the University of Groningen. They organise study related activities, but also fun drinks with other students and professors.
http://minorities.nl/multi/
Read more
Student profile

Wil je een expert worden op het gebied van minderheidstalen en meertaligheid? Ben je geïnteresseerd in een speciale minderheidsgroep? Of in rechten van minderheden? Of misschien in de vraag hoe de politieke geschiedenis van Europa heeft bijgedragen aan onze huidige visie op minderheden en meerderheden die naast elkaar leven in onze huidige samenleving? Dan is ons bachelorprogramma Minorities & Multilingualism echt iets voor jou!

(Binding) study advice
  • A minimum of 45 EC in the first 12 months (binding)
Study support

If you have any questions or doubts about your studies, you can always contact our study advisors. They know all the ins and outs of the programme: minors, study abroad and personal planning. Study advisors are impartial and everything that is discussed is treated confidentially. They can also help you find the right institutions and student desks for your problems.

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