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X-rays are generated in two ways:

  1. Characteristic radiation is created when an orbital electron jumps from one orbit to another with lower energy. This form of X-radiation has a discrete energy that is characteristic of the element in which it arises.
  2. Bremsstrahlung occurs when an electron is accelerated or decelerated. This form of X-radiation has a continuous energy spectrum.

Related quantities:

Last modified:16 January 2021 09.48 a.m.
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