X-rays are generated in two ways:
- Characteristic radiation is created when an orbital electron jumps from one orbit to another with lower energy. This form of X-radiation has a discrete energy that is characteristic of the element in which it arises.
- Bremsstrahlung occurs when an electron is accelerated or decelerated. This form of X-radiation has a continuous energy spectrum.
|16 January 2021 09.48 a.m.