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Toebes, Dr Brigit

Brigit Toebes
Brigit Toebes

Brigit Toebes (1969) studied law in Utrecht, where she obtained her PhD in 1998 at the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights. She subsequently worked as a legal researcher at the T.M.C. Asser Institute, the Netherlands Council of State in The Hague, and as a lecturer in Copenhagen and at the University of Aberdeen. In 2012 she joined the Department of International Law of the University of Groningen, where she was appointed Associate Professor and Rosalind Franklin Fellow in 2013. She is also a legal advisor to the World Health Organization.

Toebes specializes in public international law, human rights law and health law. Her research focuses on the role that international law can play in addressing a range global health concerns. To facilitate this aim, she is involved in the design and definition of international health law, a new branch of public international law. She recently set up Global Health Law Groningen.
In 2016 she was awarded € 300,000 by the Dutch Cancer Society to investigate how legislation and policy can contribute to reducing smoking in Europe, particularly among children. In 2107 Toebes was asked to advise Dainius Pūras, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Health, on health sector corruption and the right to health.

Previously in the news

Article for NOS
Article for NOS

2020

Faber, T., Breunis, L. J., Been, J. V., & Toebes, B. (2020). Een rookvrije omgeving in het belang van het kind. TSG: Tijdschrift voor Gezondheidswetenschappen, 98(1), 50-54. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12508-020-00249-9

2019

Patterson, D., Buse, K., Magnusson, R., & Toebes, B. (2019). Identifying a human rights–based approach to obesity for States and civil society. Obesity Reviews, 20(S2), 45-56. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12873
Buse, K., Patterson, D., Magnusson, R., & Toebes, B. (2019, Oct 30). Urgent call for human rights guidance on diets and food systems. BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP.
Toebes, B. (2019, Sep 30). Niet langer roken op straat of in de auto?
Toebes, B., & Sluijs, J-K. (2019). Farmabedrijven moeten naar maatschappelijke zorgplicht handelen. Het Financieele dagblad.
Toebes, B. (2019). Prikken voor elkaar: Kinderopvang en vaccinatie: een zorg van overheid en maatschappij. Commissie kinderopvang en vaccinatie.
Toebes, B. (2019). Law in the time of chronic disease. Groningen: University of Groningen. Faculty of Law.
Toebes, B. (2019). Recht in tijden van chronische ziekten. University of Groningen. Faculty of Law.
Gispen, M. E., & Toebes, B. (2019). The Human Rights of Children in Tobacco Control. Human rights quarterly, 41(2), 340-373. https://doi.org/10.1353/hrq.2019.0029
Toebes, B. C. A., Gispen, M. E. C., Dietvorst, R., de Coninck, P. J. M., & Dute, J. C. J. (2019). Ongezond gedrag: de rol van het recht: Preadvies VGR 2019. (Pre-advies Vereniging voor Gezondheidsrecht ). Den Haag: Sdu Uitgevers.
Toebes, B., & Burci, G. L. (2019, Jan 18). New publication: Research Handbook on Global Health Law.
Gispen, M. E., & Toebes, B. (Eds.) (2019). Human Rights and Tobacco Control. (Health Law Series). Edward Elgar Publishing.

2018

Toebes, B. (2018). The interaction between global and domestic health law. Paper presented at U4 SSEL Cluster Conference on 'Current Challenges for a Sustainable Future', Goettingen, Germany.
Toebes, B. (2018). Global Health Law: Defining the Field. In G. L. Burci, & B. Toebes (Eds.), Research Handbook on Global Health Law (pp. 2-23). (Research Handbooks on Globalisation and the Law ). Edward Elgar Publishing. https://doi.org/10.4337/9781785366543.00007
Burci, G. L., & Toebes, B. (Eds.) (2018). Research Handbook on Global Health Law. (Research Handbooks on Globalisation and the Law). Edward Elgar Publishing.
Toebes, B., & Hylkema, M. (2018, Oct 9). Will Groningen be the first city to ban smoking altogether? Groningen rookvrij: op naar een rookvrije stad?
Toebes, B., & Villarreal, P. (2018, Sep 1). The WTO Plain Packaging Reports: Some Reflections.
Toebes, B. (2018, Aug 31). Australië, neutrale sigarettenverpakkingen en de Wereldhandelsorganisatie.
Toebes, B. (2018). Human Rights and the Tobacco Industry: An Unsuitable Alliance. International Journal of Health Policy and Management, 7(7), 677-677. https://doi.org/10.15171/ijhpm.2018.03
Karapetian, G., & Toebes, B. (2018). The Legal Enforceability of Articles 8.2 and 5.3 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: The Case of the Netherlands. Brill Open Law, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1163/23527072-00101001
Sluijs, J-K., & Toebes, B. (2018). Mensenrechten verplichten farmabedrijf transparant te zijn over prijzen. Het Financieele dagblad.
Toebes, B. (2018, Apr 5). Laten we praten over de suikertaks: Let's talk about the sugar tax.
't Hoen, E. F. M., Veraldi, J., Toebes, B., & Hogerzeil, H. (2018). Medicine procurement and the use of flexibilities in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, 2001–2016. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 96(3), 185-193. https://doi.org/10.2471/BLT.17.199364
Toebes, B. (2018, Jan 30). Het belang van mensen voorop bij de bescherming van de gezondheid.
Toebes, B. (2018, Jan 30). Video on Aletta Jacobs School of Public Health.
Toebes, B. (2018, Jan 2). Tabaksbeleggingen van het ABP op gespannen voet met internationale standaarden.
Burci, G. L., & Toebes, B. (2018). Preface. In G. L. Burci, & B. Toebes (Eds.), Research handbook on global health law (pp. xiii-xiii). Edward Elgar Publishing.
Gispen, M. E., Hesselman, M., & Toebes, B. (2018). De rol en potentie van het internationaal recht in het reguleren van ongezond gedrag: mogelijke aanvullende internationale standaarden omtrent (on)gezond voedsel en alcohol in het licht van tabaksontmoediging. In A. L. M. Keirse, R. S. B. Kool, & R. Ortlep (Eds.), Ongezond en (on)geoorloofd : Publiek- en privaatrecht & legale maar gezondheidsbedreigende producten en diensten (pp. 237). (Utrecht Centre for Accountability and Liability Law (UCALL); Vol. 13). Den Haag: Boom Juridische uitgevers.
Toebes, B., & Abbott, F. M. (2018). Report of the 78th Conference International Law Association. Report of the Global health law Committee: International Law Association. Report of the Global health law Committee. International Law Association.
Toebes, B. (2018). The Global Health Crisis: Ethical Responsibilities, Thana Cristina de Campos. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017. Ethics & International Affairs, 32(1), 124-126. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0892679418000175

2017

Hesselman, M., & Toebes, B. (2018). Adopting New International Health Instruments - What Can We Learn From the FCTC? Comment on “The Legal Strength of International Health Instruments - What It Brings to Global Health Governance?”. International Journal of Health Policy and Management, 7(3), 264-267. https://doi.org/10.15171/ijhpm.2017.78
Toebes, B., Gispen, M. E., Been, J. V., & Sheikh, A. (2018). A missing voice: the human rights of children to a tobacco-free environment. Tobacco Control, 27(1), 3-5. https://doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2017-053657
Toebes, B. (2017, Dec 9). Sugar Sugar – don’t be misled / laat je niet misleiden.
Toebes, B., Hesselman, M., van Dijk, J. P., & Herman, J. (2017). Curbing the lifestyle disease pandemic: making progress on an interdisciplinary research agenda for law and policy interventions. BMC International Health and Human Rights, 17, [25]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12914-017-0131-5
Toebes, B. (2017, Jul 25). Euthanasia in the Netherlands: a slippery slope?
Toebes, B., & Puras, D. (2017). Right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health: note. United Nations General Assembly.
Hendriks, A. C. A., & Toebes, B. C. A. (2017). Moet ik mijn patient wijzen op de gevaren van roken? Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, 161, [D1869].
Toebes, B. (2017, Mar 3). Grand challenges for global health law: from ebola, to cancer and diabetes.
Gispen, M. E., & Toebes, B. (2017). Kinderrechten voor een rookvrije omgeving: Interne beleidsnotitie. Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Toebes, B. (2017, Jan 30). Uitdagingen voor het Internationaal Gezondheidsrecht: van Ebola naar kanker en diabetes.
Hesselman, M., Hallo de Wolf, A., & Toebes, B. (Eds.) (2017). Socio-Economic Human Rights for Essential Public Services Provision. (Human Rights and International Law Series). Abingdon: Routledge.
Toebes, B. (2017). The Right to Health and the Global Rise of Non-Communicable Diseases. In S. Klotz, H. Bielefeld, M. Schmidthuber, & A. Frewer (Eds.), Healthcare as a Human Rights Issue: Normative Profile, Conflicts and Implementation (pp. 123-144). Bielefeld: Transcript.

2016

Hesselman, M., Hallo de Wolf, A., & Toebes, B. (2017). Challenges for Socio-Economic Human Rights and Essential Public Services Provision. In M. Hesselman, A. Hallo de Wolf, & B. T. (Eds.), Socio-Economic Human Rights in Essential Public Services Provision (Human Rights and International Law). Routledge.
Hesselman, M., Hallo de Wolf, A., & Toebes, B. (2017). International Guideposts for Essential Public Services Provision and Socio-Economic Human Rights. In M. Hesselman, A. Hallo de Wolf, & B. Toebes (Eds.), Socio-Economic Human Rights for Essential Public Services Provision (pp. 299-326). (Human Rights and International Law). Abingdon: Routledge.
Perehudoff, K., Toebes, B., & Hogerzeil, H. (2016). A human rights-based approach to the reimbursement of expensive medicines. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 94(12), 935-936. https://doi.org/10.2471/BLT.15.166371
de Wolf, A. H., & Toebes, B. (2016). Assessing Private Sector Involvement in Health Care and Universal Health Coverage in Light of the Right to Health. Health and Human Rights, 18(2), 79-92.
Toebes, B. C. A. (2016). Schets van het internationaal gezondheidsrecht. Tijdschrift voor Gezondheidsrecht, 40(8), 513-526.
't Hoen, E., Toebes, B., & Hogerzeil, H. (2016). Overheid, doorbreek het monopolie van de farmaceut. NRC.
Bantema, W., & Toebes, B. (2016). Tobacco Control Legislation in the Netherlands. IASLC Lung Cancer News, 1(2), 12-12. [12].
Perehudoff, S. K., Toebes, B., & Hogerzeil, H. (2016). Essential Medicines in National Constitutions: Progress since 2008. Health and Human Rights, 18(1), 141-156.
Hendriks, A., & Toebes, B. (2016). Recht op toegankelijke zorg: ook voor vreemdelingen. Nederlands Juristenblad NJB, 2016(19), 1347-1352. [949].
't Hoen, E., Toebes, B., Perehudoff, K., & Abbott, F. M. (2016). Submission to the UN High Level Panel on Access to Medicines by the Global Health Law Committee of the International Law Association: Proposal for an essential Medicines Patent Pool. United Nations Secretary General's High Level Panel on Access to Medicines.
Flegar, V., Dalli, M., & Toebes, B. (2016). Access to Preventive Health Care for Undocumented Migrants: A Comparative Study of Germany, the Netherlands and Spain from a Human Rights Perspective. Laws, 5(1), [9]. https://doi.org/10.3390/laws5010009
Toebes, B., & Stronks, K. (2016). Closing the Gap: a Human Rights Approach to the Social Determinants of Health. European Journal of Health Law, 23(5), 510-524. https://doi.org/10.1163/15718093-12341402

2015

Hesselman, M., & Toebes, B. (2015). The Human Right to Health and Climate Change: A Legal Perspective. (Global Health Law Groningen). SSRN.
van Hattum, W., & Toebes, B. (2015). Beantwoording van vragen gesteld door het Ministerie van VWS over de maximale duur van de tijdelijke verplichte zorg voorafgaand aan de crisismaatregel en de mogelijkheden voor een time-outprocedure voor verwarde personen zoals voorgesteld in de brief van de Minister van VWS van 30 juni 2015. Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Toebes, B. (2015). Tabakszaak tegen Nederland: Nauwe banden tussen overheid en tabaksindustrie. Nederlands Juristenblad NJB, 90(37), 2606-2611. [1850 (Focus)].
Toebes, B. (2015). Book Review of S.I. Spronk-van der Meer, The Right to Health of the Child : An Analytical Exploration of the International Normative Framework. Rechtsgeleerd Magazijn Themis, 176(5), 232-234.
Toebes, B. (2015). International health law: an emerging field of public international law. Indian Journal of International Law, 55(3), 299-328. [20]. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40901-016-0020-9
Toebes, B., & Hallo de Wolf, A. (2015). Private Sector Involvement in Healthcare and UHC: An Assessment in Light of the Right to the Highest Attainable Standard of Health. (University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2015/32). SSRN.
Toebes, B., Hogerzeil, H., Perehudoff, K., Atema, A., & Karangwa, S. (2015). Essential laws for medicines access: In search of good model legislation. WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION.
Feinberg, M., Niada-Avshalom, L., & Toebes, B. (2015). National security and public health: Exceptions to human rights? International Journal of Human Rights, 19(4), 383-387. https://doi.org/10.1080/13642987.2015.1044812
Toebes, B., & Ambrus, M. (2015). Geef ons een half jaar zwangerschapsverlof. Trouw – De Verdieping, 2015.
Toebes, B. (Author). (2015). Gezondheidswetgeving in ontwikkelingslanden moet beter. Web publication/site, Retrieved from http://www.unifocus.nl/site/pagina.php?
Toebes, B. (2015). Human rights and public health: towards a balanced relationship. International Journal of Human Rights, 19(4), 488-504. https://doi.org/10.1080/13642987.2015.1044814
Toebes, B., & Flegar, V. (2015). Illegalen hebben recht op bed en brood. Dagblad van het Noorden, 2015.
Toebes, B. (Author). (2015). The ebola crisis: challenges for global health law. Web publication/site, Global Health Law Groningen Blog: . Retrieved from https://ghlgblog.wordpress.com/2015/02/03/
Toebes, B. (2015). The Framework Convention on Global Health: Considerations in Light of International Law. Global Health Governance, IX(1), 7.
Toebes, B., (2015). Case note: EHRM, 27-01-2015, 24109/07: Asiye Genç tegen Turkije: EHRC 2015/80, No. 24109/07, Jan 27, 2015. (European Human Rights Cases; Vol. 2015, No. 4).
Toebes, B. (2015). Direct corporate human rights obligations under the right to health: from mere 'respecting' towards protecting and fulfilling. In J. Letnar Cernic, & T. van Ho (Eds.), Human Rights and Business: Direct Corporate Accountability for Human Rights Wolf Legal Publishers.
Toebes, B. (2015). Health and Human Rights: In Search of the Legal Dimension. Human Rights & International Legal Discourse, 9(2), 212-241.
Toebes, B., & Ambrus, M. (2015). Maternity leave: in the best interest of children, their mothers, and society at large.

2014

Toebes, B. (2014, Oct 31). International health law: why it matters to our world today. Guild blog.
Toebes, B., & San Giorgi, M. (2014). Dutch Realities: Evaluating Health Care Reform in the Netherlands from a Human Rights Perspective. In R. Ferguson, M. M. Markovic, & O. Nnamuchi (Eds.), The Right to Health: A Multi-Country Study of Law, Policy and Practice (pp. 403-436). The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press.
Toebes, B. (2014). Healthcare on the Battlefield: in search of a legal and ethical framework. Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies, (4), 197-219. https://doi.org/10.1163/18781527-00402001
Toebes, B., Ferguson, R., Markovic, M., & Nnamuchi, O. (Eds.) (2014). The right to health: A multi-country study of law, policy and practice. (1 ed.) Den Haag: T.M.C. Asser Press. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-6265-014-5

2013

Hallo de Wolf, A., Derckx, V., & Toebes, B. (2013). Nieuw Facultatief Protocol bij het VN Antifolterverdrag dwingt Nederland om misstanden in de ggz serieuzer te nemen. Journaal Ggz en recht, 9(6-7), 40-43. [88].
Toebes, B. (2013). Review Article of The Human Right to Equal Access to Health Care, M. San Giorgi, Intersentia. Common Law Market Review, 50(4), 1184-1186.
Brus, M., Toebes, B., & Matthee, M. (Eds.) (2013). Armed conflict and international law: in search of the human face: liber amicorum in memory of Avril McDonald. The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press.
Toebes, B. C. A., (2013). Case note: EHRC 2013/142 EHRM (Senturk v.s. Turkey), No. EHRC 2013/142 EHRM, Sep 04, 2013. (European Human Rights Cases; Vol. 2013).
Toebes, B. C. A. (2013). Doctors in Arms: Exploring the Legal and Ethical Position of Military Medical Personnel in Armed Conflicts. In M. Matthee, B. C. A. Toebes, & M. M. T. A. Brus (Eds.), Armed Conflict and International Law, in Search of the Human Face: Liber Amicorum in Memory of Avril McDonald (pp. 169-194). Den Haag: T.M.C. Asser Press.
Toebes, B. C. A. (2013). Health and Humanitarian Assistance: Towards an Integrated Norm under International Law. Tilburg Law Review: Journal of International and European Law, 18(2), 133-151.
Toebes, B. C. A. (2013). Health, Human Rights and Social Justice in Europe. In I. Lintel, A. Buyse, & L. McGoingle (Eds.), Defending Human Rights: Tools for Social Justice (pp. 109-125). Cambridge, Antwerpen en Portland: Intersentia, International Law Series.
Derckx, V. (Author), Hallo de Wolf, A. G. (Author), & Toebes, B. C. A. (Author). (2013). Implementing the Torture Convention: protecting human dignity and integrity in healthcare. Web publication/site, Retrieved from http://www.rug.nl/research/groningen-centre-for-law-and-governance/programmas/public-trust-and-public-law/osi-project/opcat-implementation-in-health-care-settings-in-the-netherlands?lang=en
Derckx, V., Toebes, B., & Hallo de Wolf, A. (2013). Implementing the Torture Convention: protecting human dignity and integrity in healthcare. Groningen: s.n.

2012

Hendriks, A., & Toebes, B. (2012). European Court of Human Rights. European Journal of Health Law, 19(5), 515-523. https://doi.org/10.1163/15718093-12341245
Toebes, B. (2012). Review Article of Health Justice, by Sridhar Venkatapuram, Polity Press. Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights, 30(2), 245-248.
Toebes, B. C. A. (2012). Health Justice. Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights, 2012, 245-248.
Biswas, D., Toebes, B. C. A., Hjern, H., Ascher, H., & Norredam, M. (2012). Access to health care for undocumented migrants from a human rights perspective: a comparative study of laws, policies and practices in Denmark, Sweden and the Netherlands. Health and Human Rights, 14.
Toebes, B. C. A. (2012). Boekrecensie van The Human Right to Equal Access to Health Care, M. San Giorgi, Intersentia. Rechtsgeleerd Magazijn Themis, 2012, 83-84.
Toebes, B. C. A., & Letnar Černič, J. (2012). Corporate human rights obligations under economic, social, and cultural rights. In Globalization, international law, and human rights Oxford: Oxford University Press & British Academy.
Toebes, B. C. A., Hartlev, M., Hendriks, A., & Rothmar Herrmann, J. (2012). Health and Human Rights in Europe. Cambridge: Intersentia.
Toebes, B. C. A., Hendriks, A., & Stronks, K. (2012). Health Inequalities and the Social Determinants of Health. In Health and Human Rights in Europe Cambridge-Antwerpen-Portland: Intersentia, International Law Series.
Toebes, B. C. A. (2012). The European Union and Health and Human Rights. In M. Hartlev, A. Hendriks, & J. R. Herrmann (Eds.), Health and Human Rights in Europe Cambridge-Antwerpen-Portland: Intersentia, International Law Series.
Toebes, B. C. A. (2012). The Right to Health and Other Health-Related Rights. In A. Hendriks, M. Hartlev, & J. R. Herrmann (Eds.), Health and Human Rights in Europe Cambridge-Antwerpen-Portland: Intersentia, International Law Series.

2011

Toebes, B. (2011). Human rights, health sector abuse and corruption. (Human rights & human welfare working papers). University of Denver, Josef Korbel School of International Studies.
Toebes, B., & Rothmar Herrmann, J. (2011). The European Union and Health and Human Rights. European Human Rights Law Review, (4), 419-436.

2010

Toebes, B., (2010). Sex education at schools is compulsory and must not give evidence of discrimination of homosexuals: commentary to the decision of the European Committee of Social Rights in INTERIGHTS v Croatia, No. No 45/2007, Mar 30, 2009.
Toebes, B. C. A. (2010). Health Sector Corruption and Human Rights: A Case Study. In Corruption & human rights: Interdisciplinary perspectives (pp. 91-123). (Maastricht series in human rights; Vol. 12). Antwerp [etc.]: Intersentia, International Law Series.
Toebes, B. C. A. (2010). Human Rights and Health Sector Corruption. In Global health and human rights: Legal and philosophical perspectives (pp. 102-134). Abingdon [etc.]: Brunner-Routledge.
Toebes, B. (2010). Review article of 'Reproductive Health and Human Rights' by Reichenbach and Roseman. Human Rights Law Review, 10(3), 492-497. https://doi.org/10.1093/hrlr/ngq019
Toebes, B. (2010). Review article of two books: Charles Beitz, The Idea of Human Rights, OUP 2009, and Ida Elizabeth Koch, Human Rights as Indivisible Rights, Martinus Nijhoff 2009. Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights, 28(3), 492-497.

2009

Toebes, B. (2009). Health and Health Care, Right to. In D. Forsythe (Ed.), Encyclopaedia of Human Rights (pp. 365-376). Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acref/9780195334029.001.0001

2008

Toebes, B. (2008). Sex selection under international human rights law. Medical Law International, 9(3), 197-225. https://doi.org/10.1177/096853320800900301
Toebes, B. (2008). De Belgsiche gezondheidszorg vanuit mensenrechtelijk perspectief. In K. Raes, K. Santens, & H. Willekens (Eds.), Een rechtvaardige gezondheidszorg (pp. 137-156). (Tegenspraak cahiers; Vol. 27). Brugge: Die Keure (B&E).
McDonald, A., Kleffner, J. K., & Toebes, B. C. A. (Eds.) (2008). Depleted uranium weapons and international law: A precautionary approach. The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press.
Toebes, B. (2008). Taking a human rights approach to health care commercialisation. In P. Cholewka, & M. M. Motlagh (Eds.), Health Capital and Sustainable Socioeconomic Development (pp. 441-458). Boca Raton/London/New York: Taylor & Francis Group.
Toebes, B. C. A. (2008). The Use of Depleted Uranium as a Potential Violation of Human Rights. In Depleted uranium weapons and international law: A precautionary approach (pp. 187-214). The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press.

2007

Toebes, B. (2007). Volksgezondheid in de veellagige rechtsorde: Verenigde Naties versus Nederland: [Public health in the multi-layered legal order: United nations versus the Netherlands]. In A. C. Hendriks, & H-MT. ten Napel (Eds.), Volksgezondheid in de veellagige rechtsorde: eenheid en verscheidenheid van norm en praktijk (pp. 215-228). (Meijers-reeks; Vol. MI 129). Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer.

2006

Toebes, B. (2006). The right to health and the privatization of national health systems: A case study of the Netherlands. Health and Human Rights, 9(1), 103-128.
Toebes, B. (2006). The right to health and the privatization of health care services: a case study of the Netherlands. Health and Human Rights, 9(1), 102-127.

2004

Toebes, B. (2004). Review article of Sepulveda M., The Nature of Obligations under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Intersentia 2003. Netherlands International Law Review, 51(1), 116-120. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0165070X04270991

2001

Eide, A. (Ed.), Krause, C. (Ed.), Rosas, A. (Ed.), & Toebes, B. (2001). Economic, social, and cultural rights: a textbook. (2nd rev. ed. ed.) Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff.
Toebes, B. (2001). The Right to Health. In A. Eide, C. Krause, & A. Rosas (Eds.), Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (2 ed., pp. 169-190). Dordrecht/Boston/London: Martinus Nijhoff.

2000

Toebes, B. (2000). Het recht op gezondheid: zoektoch naar de betekenis van een norm. NJCM Bulletin. Nederlands Tijdschrift voor de Mensenrechten, 25(7/8), 1158-1170. [7/8].

1999

Toebes, B. (1999). Het recht op gezondheid: geen recht om gezond te zijn. Ars Aequi, 48, 912-915.
Toebes, B. (1999). Human rights: universality and globalisation: Human rights effects of the globalisation of trade. In Studium Generale Series (Studium Generale Series). Utrecht University.
Toebes, B. (1999). The diminishing state and basic social rights. In D. J. Elzinga, F. Goudappel, & H. Kummeling (Eds.), Constitutionalism, Universalism and Democracy (pp. 87-107). Groningen: University Press.
Toebes, B. C. A. (1999). The right to health as a human right in international law. (School of Human Rights Research series; Vol. v. 1). Antwerpen: INTERSENTIA/HART.
Toebes, B. (1999). Towards an improved understanding of the international human right to health. Human rights quarterly, 21(3), 661-679.

1998

Boerefijn, I., & Toebes, B. C. A. (1998). Health and human rights: health issues discussed by the UN Treaty Monitoring Bodies. Utrecht: Studie- en Informatiecentrum Mensenrechten (SIM).
Toebes, B., & Boerefijn, I. (1998). Health and Human Rights. Health Issues Discussed by United Nations Treaty Monitoring Bodies. SIM Special, (21), 25-55.
Hendriks, A., & Toebes, B. (1998). Towards a Universal Definition of the Right to Health? Medicine and Law.

1996

Toebes, B. (1996). De betekenis van artikel 12 Vrouwenverdrag voor Nederland: gezondheid als recht. In N. Holtrust, D. Bauduin, & A. Hendriks (Eds.), De betekenis van artikel 12 Vrouwenverdrag: gezondheid als recht The Hague: VUGA.
Toebes, B. (1996). Review article of Coliver S (ed.) The Right to Know. Human Rights and Access to reproductive Health Information, ARTICLE 19 and University of Pennsylvania Press, UK/US 1995. Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights, 14(2), 231-234.
Toebes, B. (1996). Wijziging Koppelingswet en de toegang tot de gezondheidszorg: een doekje voor het bloeden. Migrantenrecht, 11(9), 197-199.

1995

Coomans, F., Hoof, G. J. H. ., Studie- en Informatiecentrum Mensenrechten (Netherlands), & Toebes, B. (1995). The right to complain about economic, social and cultural rights: proceedings of the Expert Meeting on the Adoption of an Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, held from 25-28 January 1995 in Utrecht. (SIM special; Vol. no. 18). Utrecht: Studie- en Informatiecentrum Mensenrechten (SIM).
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