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About us Faculty of Law Research Centres of Expertise Groningen Centre of Energy Law and Sustainability Projects

Externally funded research projects

Horizon 2020 projects

externally funded research projects

PROMOTioN - Progress on Meshed HVDC Offshore Transmission Networks

PROMOTioN is a Horizon 2020 project focusing on the development of an offshore electricity grid in the North Sea. The project takes into account technical as well as regulatory aspects. Within the regulatory part, PhD candidate Ceciel Nieuwenhout and Professor Martha Roggenkamp focus on how to address the legal barriers that currently hold back the development of an offshore grid. Project website:

Researchers: Ceciel Nieuwenhout, supervised by Martha Roggenkamp

STORE&GO - Power-to-Gas

STORE&GO is a Horizon 2020 project in which 27 partners from 6 European countries collaborate to integrate Power-to-Gas technology in the future energy system. The University of Groningen is providing environmental, economic, and legal analysis within the project. PhD candidate Gijs Kreeft has executed a review of European and national legislation (Germany, Italy, and Switzerland) which may hinder or promote the deployment of Power-to-Gas in an energy system with high shares of renewable energy. His reports are available on the project website:

Researcher: Gijs Kreeft, supervised by Martha Roggenkamp and Ruven Fleming

SMILE - Smart Islands Energy System

The Smart Islands Energy System (SMILE) project is a collaboration of nineteen partners from various European countries and is funded by the EU’s Horizon 2020 programme. The project will demonstrate nine different smart grid technologies on three different islands (Madeira, the Orkneys and Samsø). The end goal of the project is to foster the market introduction of these nine technologies. Postdoc Romain Mauger and Professor Martha Roggenkamp are responsible for the legal part of the project, in particular working on energy storage, power to heat, microgrids and local grid balancing regulation issues, both at EU and national levels. Project website:

Researchers: Romain Mauger and Martha Roggenkamp


The ALIGN-CCUS (ALIGN) project is a European Research Area (ERA) project, which is nonetheless linked to H2020. It focuses on carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) and aims to accelerate the transition of current industry and power sectors into a future of continued economic activity and low-carbon emissions. ALIGN’s objectives are designed to enable an acceleration of CCUS in the Netherlands, United Kingdom, Norway, Germany and Romania. PhD candidate Joris Gazendam and Professor Martha Roggenkamp analyze several related regulatory issues, including the legal framework for the re-use of offshore installations and pipelines for the purpose of CCS. Project website:

Researchers: Joris Gazendam and Martha Roggenkamp

North Sea Energy 2

North Sea Energy 2 is a TKI-funded research project that looks at the possibilities for offshore system integration on the North Sea from a technical, economic, environmental and regulatory perspective. The analysed integration options include the electrification of offshore oil and gas platforms, re-using disused platforms for offshore hydrogen production and re-using depleted gas reservoirs for offshore carbon dioxide storage. In the regulatory work package researcher Dinand Drankier and professor Martha Roggenkamp, together with the law firm Loyens & Loeff, analyse the regulatory barriers and drivers for offshore system integration.                              

Researchers: Dinand Drankier, supervised by Martha Roggenkamp

NWO projects

SmaRds - Smart Regimes for Smart Grids

This research is part of the NWO project on Uncertainty Reduction in Smart Energy Systems (URSES). SmaRds aims to create an integrated regime that addresses two behavioural uncertainties that impede smart grid developments: the legal design of emerging organisational settings in smart grids and the policy design of smart grid implementation in municipalities. PhD candidate Lea Diestelmeier focuses on the development of a legal framework which enables and incentivises the integration of smart grid technology and management in local energy systems. Project website:

Researcher: Lea Diestelmeier, supervised by Hans Vedder and Martha Roggenkamp

DISPATCH - Distributed Intelligence for Smart Power routing and mATCHing

This multidisciplinary research project is part of the NWO project on Uncertainty Reduction in Smart Energy Systems (URSES). Its consortium consists of three research partners (University of Groningen, Eindhoven University of Technology and Twente University) and a substantial number of companies, including Essent, Eneco, Statkraft, Alliander, Enexis, Cofely, IBM, DNV GL and TenneT. The objective of the DISPATCH project is to integrate demand-side management into the current electricity system by means of a flexibility market. PhD researcher Dirk Kuiken studies the legal aspects of this integration. Project website:

Researchers: Dirk Kuiken, supervised by Martha Roggenkamp and Hans Vedder


DISPATCH+ aims to develop feasible solutions for solving metropolitan energy supply issues based on cutting-edge research results from the aforementioned DISPATCH project. It focuses on validation of DISPATCH’s advanced scheduling and control mechanisms to tackle specific challenges of Amsterdam ArenA and its role in the local flexibility market. Postdoc Heyd Fernandes Más analyzes the possibilities for the participation of ArenA as a flexibility buyer and/or seller and studies viable interactions between the ArenA (as a large customer) and Liander (as its DSO).

Researcher: Heyd Fernandes Más

Other externally funded projects

Green Deal Energy Charter Treaty

In this project PhD candidate Cees Verburg focuses on investment promotion and protection on the basis of the Energy Charter Treaty with a specific emphasis on renewable energy investments. This legal research project is made possible with Green Deal government funding, in association with law firm Stibbe and the Dutch Energy Law Association (NeVER).

Researcher: Cees Verburg, supervised Martha Roggenkamp and Marcel Brus

Independent Regulators for Oil and Gas Offshore Operations

This research project focuses on the role of independent regulators to supervise offshore oil and gas operations and its impact on health, safety and environmental performance. PhD candidate Margarita Nieves analyzes if an independent regulator is relevant for states in early phases of offshore oil and gas developments, given the interactions between the hydrocarbons regulator and oil and gas companies. This research is financed by the Colombian Hydrocarbons Agency (Colciencias) and the University of Groningen’s PhD Scholarship Programme.

Researcher: Margarita Nieves, supervised by Martha Roggenkamp and Ruven Fleming

Last modified:06 August 2020 11.04 a.m.