Application degree certificate
Application degree certificate
When all course units of your approved list of courses have been completed and all course units have been registered in Progress, you will receive an email from the Board of Examiners explaining how to obtain your degree certificate. If you wish to add or drop courses from your list still, you have two weeks to inform the Board of Examiners of this. Without any response, the Board of Examiners will automatically issue your degree certificate.
Students can apply for their degree certificate themselves beforehand by filling in the application form which is available in step 5 of the graduation process. If students want to participate in the annual graduation ceremonies, these application forms should be submitted before 1 July.
Last update: 11-6-2021
Diploma production period
The production of degree certificates usually takes about 2-3 weeks.
Student scan still participate in the annual graduation ceremonies if their grades are available:
- on 12 July for the LLB graduation ceremony
- on 10 August for the LLM graduation ceremony
Statement of graduation
Students can request a statement of graduation from the International Office. You can apply for a statement of graduation on the application form for the degree certificate. Please be aware that if your graduation ceremony is less than a week away, no statements of graduation will be produced.
In principle the date of graduation is the date at which the final course unit of your approved list of courses has been successfully completed. If this final course unit is:
- an examination: the date of the examination;
- a thesis or internship: the date mentioned on the result slip of this module.
The Board of Examiners determines this date of graduation provided you hold the correct registration and your list of courses was approved timely (at least two months before the date of obtaining your last result). If your list of courses is not approved by the time you complete your final course unit, the date of approval of your list of courses will become your graduation date.
Exception: if you decide to change your list of courses after having received a notification from the Board of Examiners, the Board of Examiners can decide to change your date of graduation. This is only possible if you have responded to the email from the Board of Examiners within two weeks after it was sent.
Last update: 11-6-2021
Graduation ceremony and title/degree
The International Office arranges for a graduation ceremony for the LLB programme in July of each year and in August of each year for the LLM programmes. This will be the first opportunity for students to receive their degree certificate. Students who do not attend this graduation ceremony can arrange for their degree certificates to be picked up at the International Office after the graduation ceremony dates.
You will receive a message on your university email account as soon as your degree certificate is available.
It is only possible to have your degree certificate picked up by someone else if this person carries an authorisation to this extent, which holds your signature. In addition, you need to provide that person with a copy of your identity papers. The authorised person should also bring his/her own identity papers.
Bachelor: If you have fulfilled all requirements of the bachelor examination, you will be awarded the degree of Bachelor of Laws (LLB).
Master: If you have fulfilled all requirements of the master examination, you will be awarded the degree of Master of Laws (LLM).
Last update: 11-6-2021
(Summa) Cum Laude
The distinction cum laude or summa cum laude can be registered on the degree certificate if students demonstrate exceptional competence in the examination.
The Board of Examiners assesses if a bachelor or master degree certificate can be awarded the distinction cum laude or summa cum laude. This assessment is based on the conditions as arranged for in article 19a of the Examination Regulation.
Summa Cum Laude
Grade for Research Colloquium or Master’s thesis
Non-rounded Grade Point Average (GPA) for all other course units of the compulsory programme
All conditions for (summa) cum laude can be found in the Examination Regulation.
No (summa) cum laude is awarded when:
- an examination has been taken more than once* or
- you have score lower than a 7 for one or more courses or
- you have committed fraud as arranged for in Article 15 Examination Regulations during your programme.
The Board of Examiners can deviate from these conditions in extraordinary cases. If you are of the opinion that a deviation of these rules with regard to the distinction (summa) cum laude, you can request this to the Board of Examiners, according to art. 19a.7 Examination Regulation.
* Resitting a passed course based on art. 8.13 TER LLB programme or art. 4.9 TER LLM programmes does not prevent awarding a (summa) cum laude.
Which courses are used to calculate (summa) cum laude?
The average grade is calculated about the curricular (optional) courses, excluding the thesis.
Any courses listed in the category ‘extra-curricular courses’ will not be calculated for (summa) cum laude.
Please be aware: if you are participating in two specialisations within one master programme, but you place the courses of one of the specialisations in the category ‘extra-curricular courses’, this specialisation will not be registered on your degree certificate.
If you have put ‘do not correct’ on an exam, or have removed a pass grade, you are deemed never to have taken the exam in question. This does not stand in the way of awarding a (summa) cum laude.
Last update 11-6-2021
Access to the bar after the LLB International and European Law
Our LLB programme International and European Law programme does not grant access to the bar or judiciary. It is possible however to gain access to the bar of judiciary in some cases; it differs per country how this can be done however. The Faculty is only aware of a few options available, but will continue to add to the list.
In order to gain access to the bar or judiciary in the Netherlands, students need to have acquired the so-called 'effectus civilis' ('civiel effect'). This 'effectus civilis' can be obtained by participating in several Dutch law courses dealing with all main fields of law. The University of Groningen offers a shortened Bachelor of Laws programme (taught in Dutch) for students who would be interested in getting this 'effectus civilis' and who are currently enrolled in the LLB International and European Law.
Other Dutch Law faculties in the Netherlands might have different requirements.
More information about the specific requirements for access to the Dutch bar can be found at the site of the Dutch Bar Association(the 'Nederlandse Orde van Advocaten'). Please keep in mind that all courses which will lead to the 'effectus civilis' will be offered in Dutch and thus your level of Dutch language proficiency needs to be a minimum of B2 (CEFR), but preferably at C1-level (CEFR).
Currently all students who want to convert their degree to be eligible to access the UK bar, have to participate in a conversion degree called theGraduate Diploma of Law(GDL). It is also possible to go through aMA Law or aLegal Practice Course (LPC).
Recently theSolicitors Regulation Authority (SRA) announced their decision to reform the solicitor qualification in England and Wales by introducing theintroducing the Solicitors Qualifying Examination (SQE). All foreign lawyers will have to take 2 tests and gain 2 years of legal experience in England or Wales to qualify as a solicitor. This legal experience can be gained before taking the test. The test is meant to come into effect in 2021. More information about the SQE can be foundhere.
In Zimbabwe students have to participate in a conversion degree for 1 year. It entails 14 exams, but possibly students can get exemptions. More information is available at the Zimbabwean Law Society or their page on Facebook.
Last update on 11-6-2021