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Kleingeld, Prof. Pauline

Pauline Kleingeld
Pauline Kleingeld

Pauline Kleingeld is Professor of Ethics and its History. She is internationally renowned for her work in the area of the philosophy of Immanuel Kant, contemporary Kantian ethics and philosophical cosmopolitanism and its history. She has published on themes including free will, the role of emotions, and cosmopolitanism in the past and present. Kleingeld has been able to build an important bridge between developments in the behavioural sciences and in ethics. She is currently researching the meaning of empirical psychological research for ethics and the question of how to justify moral duties. In addition, she focuses on research areas such as: practical rationality, political philosophy, including feminist theory.

Pauline Kleingeld previously held the position of Professor in Leiden and also worked at Washington University in St. Louis. She has led various NWO programmes (Morality beyond illusions: Re-assessing the philosophical implications of empirical studies of moral agency; Kant on morality and empirical knowledge of moral agency; The moral relevance of weakness of will: A dispositional account) and has published in leading journals, such as Philosophy & Public Affairs, The Philosophical Quarterly, European Journal of Philosophy, Kant-Studien and Journal of the History of Philosophy. With Cambridge University Press, she published her book Kant and Cosmopolitanism: The Philosophical Ideal of World Citizenship. In 2015, Kleingeld was appointed as a member of KNAW (the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences). In 2022 she was elected corresponding fellow of the British Academy and appointed member of the Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften.

In 2018, she received a large NWO subsidy for her research into universal moral norms. In 2020 Kleingeld was awarded the Spinoza Prize, one of the two highest scientific distinctions in the Netherlands. Professor Kleingeld will receive € 2.5 million to use in scientific research.

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Article on the UG website
Article on the UG website

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Kleingeld, P. (2023). A Defense and Development of the Volitional Self-Contradiction Interpretation. Philosophia (United States), 51(2), 505-524.
Kleingeld, P. (2023). Alte Texte, Neue Fragen: Immanuel Kant – 300 Jahre. In Jahresmagazin 2024 : der Berlin-Brandenburgischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (pp. 28-29). Berlin-Brandenburgischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.
Kleingeld, P. (2023). Kant’s Formula of Autonomy: Continuity or Discontinuity? Philosophia (United States), 51(2), 555-569.
Kleingeld, P. (2023). Self-Legislation and the Apriority of the Moral Law. Philosophia (United States), 51(2), 609-623.


Kleingeld, P. (2022). Kant über Freiheit und Frieden. In V. Gerhardt, M. Weber, & M. Schepelmann (Eds.), Immanuel Kant 1724-2024: Ein europäischer Denker (pp. 116-125). ( Schriften des Bundesinstituts für Kultur und Geschichte der Deutschen im östlichen Europa; Vol. 83). De Gruyter.


Koster, T., Poortman, A.-R., van der Lippe, T., & Kleingeld, P. (2022). Fairness Perceptions of the Division of Household Labor: Housework and Childcare. Journal of Family Issues, 43(3), 679-702.
Kleingeld, P. (2021). "Democracy", "Race", "Republic": Three entries in the Cambridge Kant Lexicon. In J. Wuerth (Ed.), The Cambridge Kant Lexicon (pp. 140, 354-357, 390-392). Cambridge University Press.
Kleingeld, P. (2021). Rassismus und Kolonialismus in der Diskussion: Mit Beiträgen von Peggy H. Breitenstein, Franziska Dübgen, Daniel James, Franz Knappik, Pauline Kleingeld, Marina Martinez Mateo, Klaus Vieweg und Marcus Willaschek. Information Philosophie, 49(4), 24-43.
Kleingeld, P. (2021). Self-Contradictions of the Will: Reply to Jens Timmermann. Kant-Studien, 112(4), 611-622.


Koster, T., Poortman, A.-R., van der Lippe, T., & Kleingeld, P. (2021). Parenting in Postdivorce Families: The Influence of Residence, Repartnering, and Gender. Journal of Marriage and Family, 83(2), 498-515.
Kleingeld, P. (2020). A Kantian Solution to the Trolley Problem. In M. Timmons (Ed.), Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics (Vol. 10, pp. 204-228). Oxford University Press.
Kleingeld, P. (2020). How to Use Someone 'Merely as a Means'. Kantian Review, 25(3), 389-414. Article 1369415420000229.
Kleingeld, P. (2020). Me, My Will, and I: Kant's republican conception of freedom of the will and freedom of the agent. Studi Kantiani, 33, 103-123.
Kleingeld, P. (Ed.), Vermeulen, C., (TRANS.), & Achenwall, G. (2020). Natural Law: A Translation of the Textbook for Kant’s Lectures on Legal and Political Philosophy. Bloomsbury Academic.
Kleingeld, P. (Ed.), Vermeulen, C., (TRANS.), & Achenwall, G. (2020). Prolegomena to Natural Law. University of Groningen Press.


Kleingeld, P., & Willaschek, M. (2019). Autonomy Without Paradox: Kant, Self-Legislation and the Moral Law. Philosophers' Imprint, 19(6), 1-18.
Kleingeld, P. (2019). On Dealing with Kant's Sexism and Racism. SGIR Review, 2(2), 3-22.


Kleingeld, P. (2019). A Contradiction of the Right Kind: Convenience Killing and Kant's Formula of Universal Law. The Philosophical Quarterly, 69(274), 64-81.
Kleingeld, P. (2018). Moral Autonomy as Political Analogy: Self-Legislation in Kant's Groundwork and the Feyerabend Lectures on Natural Law. In S. Bacin, & O. Sensen (Eds.), The Emergence of Autonomy in Kant's Moral Philosophy (pp. 158-175). Cambridge University Press.
Kleingeld, P. (2018). The Principle of Autonomy in Kant's Moral Philosophy: Its Rise and Fall. In E. Watkins (Ed.), Kant on Persons and Agency (pp. 61-79). Cambridge University Press.
Bates, T., & Kleingeld, P. (2018). Virtue, Vice, and Situationism. In N. Snow (Ed.), Oxford Handbook of Virtue (pp. 524-545). Oxford University Press.


Kleingeld, P. (2017). Contradiction and Kant's Formula of Universal Law. Kant-Studien, 108(1), 89-115.
Kleingeld, P. (2017). Inequality, Migration, and Moral Duties. In N. Ellemers, B. Derks, F. van Nunspeet, D. Scheepers, & J. van der Toorn (Eds.), World of Difference: A Moral Perspective on Social Inequality (pp. 96-101). Amsterdam University Press.
Doorn, N., & Kleingeld, P. (2017). Morality and Unjust Inequality. In N. Ellemers, B. Derks, F. van Nunspeet, D. Scheepers, & J. van der Toorn (Eds.), World of Difference: A Moral Perspective on Social Inequality (pp. 34-37). Amsterdam University Press.
Kleingeld, P. (2017). Vier Kilo, die die Kant-Lektüre erleichtern. Deutsche Zeitschrift fur Philosophie, 65(2), 391-394.


Kleingeld, P. (2016). Kant on ‘Good’, the Good, and the Duty to Promote the Highest Good. In T. Höwing (Ed.), The highest good in Kant's philosophy (pp. 33-49). De Gruyter.
Kleingeld, P. (2016). Kant's Moral and Political Cosmopolitanism. Philosophy Compass, 11(1), 14-23.


Kleingeld, P. (2015). Consistent egoists and situation managers: Two problems for situationism. Philosophical Explorations, 18(3), 344-361.
Kleingeld, P. (2015). Kants tweevoudig perspectief op morele vooruitgang. In A. van Harskamp, G. Meynen, & B. Siertsema (Eds.), Worden wij betere mensen? : Essays over morele vooruitgang (pp. 10-27). Uitgeverij Klement.


Kleingeld, P. (2014). Debunking Confabulation: Emotions and the Significance of Empirical Psychology for Kantian Ethics. In A. Cohen (Ed.), Kant on Emotion and Value (pp. 146-165). Palgrave MacMillan.
Kleingeld, P., & Anderson, J. (2014). Justice as a Family Value: How a Commitment to Fairness is Compatible with Love. Hypatia : A Journal of Feminist Philosophy, 29(2), 320-336.
Kleingeld, P. (2014). Kant's Second Thoughts on Colonialism. In K. Flikschuh, & L. Ypi (Eds.), Kant and Colonialism: Historical and Critical Perspectives (pp. 43-67). Oxford University Press.
Kleingeld, P. (2014). Patriotism, Peace and Poverty: Reply to Bernstein and Varden. Kantian Review, 19(3), 267-284.
Kleingeld, P. (2014). The Development of Kant’s Cosmopolitanism. In P. Formosa, A. Goldman, & T. Patrone (Eds.), Politics and Teleology in Kant (pp. 59-75). University of Wales.


Kleingeld, P. (2013). Cosmopolitanism. In H. LaFollette, J. Deigh, & S. Stroud (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of Ethics (pp. 1134-1144). Wiley-Blackwell.
Kleingeld, P., & Brown, E. (2013). Cosmopolitanism. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Stanford University Press.
Kleingeld, P. (2013). Een goed of slecht karakter bestaat wel degelijk. Sociale Vraagstukken.
Kleingeld, P. (2013). Entrevista de Pauline Kleingeld aos Cadernos: Interview with Bruno Nadai, Cauê Polla, Monique Hulshof. Cadernos de Filosofia Alemã, 131-138.


Kleingeld, P. (2012). Dorothea Christiane Erxleben, née Leporin. In C. Ceton, I. v.d. Burg , A. Halsema, V. Vasterling, & K. Vintges (Eds.), Vrouwelijke filosofen: Een historisch overzicht (pp. 227-231). Atlas-Contact.
Kleingeld, P. (2012). Immanuel Kant. In B. Fassbinder, & A. Peters (Eds.), Oxford handbook of the history of international law (pp. 1122-1127). Oxford University Press.
Kleingeld, P. (2012). Kant and Cosmopolitanism: The Philosophical Ideal of World Citizenship. Cambridge University Press.


Kleingeld, P. (2011). Die Bedeutung des weltbürgerlichen Zustandes: Der siebente Satz der Idee. In O. Höffe (Ed.), Die Idee zu einer allgemeinen Geschichte (pp. 79 - 89). Akademie Verlag.
Kleingeld, P. (2011). Een Kantiaanse verdediging van de vrije wil: Focus essay. Algemeen Nederlands tijdschrift voor wijsbegeerte, 103(3), 183 - 200.
Kleingeld, P. (2011). Kants determinisme en zijn verdediging van de vrijheid van de wil. In M. Sie (Ed.), Hoezo vrije wil? Perspectieven op een heikele kwestie (pp. 62 - 74). Lemniscaat.
Kleingeld, P. (2011). Repliek op de commentaren. Algemeen Nederlands tijdschrift voor wijsbegeerte, 103(3), 227 - 232.


Kleingeld, P. (2010). Five Contributions: Dorothea Christiane Erxleben, née Leporin; Johann Georg Adam Forster; Novalis [Georg Philipp Friedrich von Hardenberg]; Dorothea von Rodde, née Schlözer; Christoph Martin Wieland. In M. Kuehn, & H. Klemme (Eds.), Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophers Continuum Publishers.
Kleingeld, P. (2010). Moral Consciousness and the Fact of Reason. In J. Timmerman, & A. Reath (Eds.), Kant’s ‘Critique of Practical Reason’: A Critical Guide (pp. 55-72). Cambridge University Press.


Kleingeld, P. (2009). Kant’s Changing Cosmopolitanism. In A. Rorty, & J. Schmidt (Eds.), Kant’s ‘Idea for a Universal History with a Cosmopolitan Aim’ (pp. 171-186). Cambridge University Press.


Kleingeld, P. (2008). Kant on Historiography and the Use of Regulative Ideas. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science. Part A, 39(4), 523-528.
Kleingeld, P. (2008). Romantic Cosmopolitanism: Novalis' Christianity or Europe. Journal of the History of Philosophy, 46, 269-284.


Kleingeld, P. (2007). Immanuel Kant over de menselijke hang naar het kwade. In A. Kinneging, & R. Wiche (Eds.), Van kwaad tot erger: Filosofie van het kwaad (pp. 227-241). Het Spectrum.
Kleingeld, P. (2007). Kant's Second Thoughts on Race. The Philosophical Quarterly, 57, 573-592.


Kleingeld, P., & Brown, E. (2006). Cosmopolitanism. In Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Kleingeld, P. (2006). Defending the Plurality of States: Cloots, Kant, and Rawls. Social Theory and Practice, 32(4), 559-578.
Kleingeld, P. (2006). Kant's Theory of Peace. In P. Guyer (Ed.), Cambridge Companion to Kant and Modern Philosophy (pp. 477-504). Cambridge University Press.
Kleingeld, P. (2006). Patriotism. In D. Borchert (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2nd ed.). Macmillan Reference USA.
Kleingeld, P. (Ed.), Colclasure, D. L., (TRANS.), & Kant, I. (2006). ‘Toward Perpetual Peace’ and Other Writings on Politics, Peace, and History. Yale University Press.


Kleingeld, P. (2005). Wereldburgers in eigen land: Over kosmopolitisme en patriottisme. s.n.


Kleingeld, P. (2004). Approaching Perpetual Peace: Kant's Defence of States and his Ideal of a World Federation. European Journal of Philosophy, 12, 304-325.


Kleingeld, P. (2003). Kant's Cosmopolitan Patriotism. Kant-Studien, 94, 299-316.


Kleingeld, P. (2001). Nature or Providence? On the Theoretical and Moral Importance of Kant's Philosophy of History. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly, 75, 201-219.


Kleingeld, P. (2000). Kantian Patriotism. Philosophy and Public Affairs, 29, 313-341.


Kleingeld, P. (1999). Kant, History, and the Idea of Moral Development. The History of Philosophy Quarterly, 16, 59-80.
Kleingeld, P. (1999). Six varieties of Cosmopolitanism in Late Eighteenth-Century Germany. Journal of the History of Ideas, 60, 505-524.


Kleingeld, P. (1998). Just Love? Marriage and the Question of Justice. Social Theory and Practice, 24, 261-281.
Kleingeld, P. (1998). Kant on the Unity of Theoretical and Practical Reason. The Review of Metaphysics, 52, 500-528.
Kleingeld, P. (1998). Kant's Cosmopolitan Law: World Citizenship fo a Global Order. Kantian Review, 2, 72-90.
Kleingeld, P. (1998). The Conative Character of Reason in Kant's Philosophy. The Journal of the History of Philosophy, 36, 77-97.


Kleingeld, P. (1995). Fortschritt und Vernunft: Zur Geschichtsphilosophie Kants. Königshausen & Neumann.
Kleingeld, P. (1995). What Do the Virtuous Hope For? Re-reading Kant's Doctrine of the Highest Good. In H. Robinson (Ed.), Proceedings of the Eighth International Kant Congress, Memphis 1995 (1 ed., Vol. I, pp. 91-112). Marquette University Press.


Kleingeld, P. (1993). The Problematic Status of Gender-Neutral Language in the History of Philosophy: The Case of Kant. The Philosophical Forum, 25, 134-150.


Kleingeld, P. (1990). Moral und Verwirklichung: Zu einigen Themen in Kants Kritik der praktischen Vernunft und deren Zusammenhang mit seiner Geschichtsphilosophie. Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung, 44(3), 425-441.
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