Skip to ContentSkip to Navigation
About us FEB Research / FEB FEB Research News News / FEB

High provincial unemployment rates decrease fertility

01 April 2019
Laura Viluma

High provincial unemployment rates decrease fertility, improve the socio-economic cohort composition of mothers and lead to a lower birthweight in boys. Moreover, girls exposed to unfavorable business-cycle conditions at birth are at an increased risk for fatal cardiovascular disease events in adult life. Also, stress caused by high unemployment levels can increase the probability of Cesarean delivery for male babies. These are the conclusions of Laura Viluma, who will be awarded a PhD by the University of Groningen on 8 April.

Viluma’s thesis focuses on two aspects of the interactions between economy and health. First, based on the fetal programming hypothesis that suggests a relationship between the economic circumstances before birth and health later in life, she analyzes the impact of macroeconomic conditions around birth on infant health and on adult cardiovascular disease risk.

Moral hazard

The second part of her thesis takes a different look at the interactions of economy and health by investigating incentives for moral hazard and selection in health insurance. Viluma shows that even though healthier people are more likely to opt for a higher deductible, overall, the voluntary deductible reduces moral hazard in healthcare utilization in the Netherlands.

Additional information

URL FEB
AACSB EQUIS logos
Last modified:29 February 2024 10.02 a.m.
View this page in: Nederlands

More news

  • 27 May 2024

    Four honorary doctorates awarded by the UG

    On Friday, 24 May, the UG awarded four honorary doctorates to Dr Kate Crawford, Dr Tedros Ghebreyesus, Gerrit Hiemstra and Prof. Mariana Mazzucato. The presentation took place in the Aula of the Academy Building and was part of the university's...

  • 08 May 2024

    Juliette de Wit, Femke Cnossen and Maite Laméris receive YAG grant

    Juliette de Wit, Femke Cnossen and Maite Laméris have received a YAG Grant of € 6,000 for an interdisciplinary project on the long-lasting socio-economic consequences of the ‘Arbeitseinsatz’ in the Netherlands. The grant enables them to explore...

  • 02 May 2024

    Johan Remkes te gast in podcast Leiderschap in Onzekere Tijden Live

    Oud-minister en oud-informateur Johan Remkes is op 15 mei te gast in de Podcast Leiderschap In Onzekere Tijden. In de liveopname van de podcastaflevering gaat hij met FEB-hoogleraren Janka Stoker en Harry Garretsen in gesprek over de huidige...