Period: late 18th Century till now.
* non-Western regions (Bogotá, Medellín, Nairobi, Accra, Central Europe/Czech Republic)
* transmutation of urban models and typologies, as a result of transfer and exchange
* Civic Culture (discourse)
* imagining/reflecting on the city, in Art, Fiction, Documentaries, Cinema, Non-fiction
* cartography as a vehicle for nation and democracy building.