Please note the admissions round for studies beginning in September 2019 closed on May 1st. The next admissions round (for studies beginning September 2020) will open in October 2019.
The following admission requirements below should all be met for admission to one of our LLM programmes.
Please note that applications must be initiated before the application deadline. Please have a look at the study information section of our website for additional information about tuition fees, scholarships, and more.
1. A Law degree
The basic requirement for admission is a university Law degree which entitles the holder to practise in his/her country of origin or signifying completion of the academic stage of legal education (e.g. LLB). Because systems of legal education vary widely, the Admissions Board reserves the right to decide on access to the programme, so that the admission of candidates with mixed Law degrees, or a Political Science degree in a system which includes a relevant law element will also be considered. This mainly concerns applications for the programmes European Economic Law, Public International Law, and International Human Rights Law. Please be aware of the fact that a minor in law is the very minimum in these cases.
For all seven programmes, a thorough basic knowledge of the field of law covered by the degree programme to the level of a Bachelor degree is required as a minimum. This should comprise, per programme, of:
- Energy and Climate Law: Basic knowledge of European law and elementary knowledge of public international law. *Graduates from our LLB programme are granted direct access to this programme.
- European Economic Law: Basic knowledge of European law and elementary knowledge of public international law. *Graduates from our LLB programme are granted direct access to this programme.
- Global Criminal Law: Basic knowledge of criminal law and elementary knowledge of public international law. *Graduates from our LLB programme are granted direct access to this programme.
- International Commercial Law: Basic knowledge of private law and elementary knowledge of European Law and public international law. *Graduates from our LLB programme are granted direct access to this programme.
- International Human Rights Law: Basic knowledge of public international law, on a similar level as the course Public International Law, including some elementary human rights law and elementary knowledge of European Law. *Graduates from our LLB programme are granted direct access to this programme.
- Public International Law: Basic knowledge of public international law, on a similar level as the course Public International Law and elementary knowledge of European Law. *Graduates from our LLB programme are granted direct access to this programme.
As the Governance and Law in Digital Society LLM programme is a hybrid of both law and the social sciences, applicants must have an LLB or equivalent with a minor in Social Sciences or a BSc in Social Sciences with a minor in Law. For those with a relevant degree but missing a required minor, we also offer a Pre-LLM programme. In terms of basic knowledge, applicants must have:
- Knowledge minimum law: basic knowledge of administrative law, constitutional law, property law, and contract law plus elementary knowledge of public international law and/or European law.
- Knowledge minimum social science: basic knowledge of social science research methodology, theory of social science, policy studies, and organisation studies.
For all programmes, applicants do not have to submit their certified copies of their degree certificate(s) with their initial application. They will be asked for these copies once/if they have been (conditionally) admitted. The Admissions Office accepts hard copies of these documents in English, French, German, and Dutch. If an applicant has not graduated yet, they can still be conditionally admitted. The Admissions Office may ask these applicants for more information than just their transcripts to date (such as a statement of expected graduation, list of courses they are about to complete, etc.). Please note that all preliminary documents uploaded in OAS should be in English or be accompanied by an English translation (only the hard copies mentioned above are accepted in the languages listed).
*Direct access means that graduates of our English taught LLB in International and European Law are not subject to the full admissions criteria as their LLB qualification satisfies such, and do not need to submit supplemental documentation to apply. International and European Law LLB graduates (or soon to be graduates) from our programme should contact the admissions office at firstname.lastname@example.org for instructions on how to apply through direct access.
On top of providing the Admissions Board with transcripts and diplomas, students are required to achieve an equivalent minimum GPA (Grade Point Average) of 7/10 (Dutch grading scale). This is the average of all the marks of your LLB/previous bachelors degree. All foreign grades will be converted to the Dutch grading scheme, so please provide information about the grading scale used in your institution. To note, a score of 6 is a passing grade in the Netherlands.
3. Letter of motivation
Candidates must send a letter in which they state their motivation to participate in one of the programmes (max. 650 words). The letter should be written by the applicants themselves; it is not allowed to submit an (official) translation.
4. Proficiency in English
Candidates whose native language is not English must provide adequate evidence of proficiency in English. We accept the following tests:
- (International) internet TOEFL (to be sent in through our institutional code 7191): score of at least 100, all sections sufficient (so at least 21 on each section and at least 23 on the writing section);
- (Academic) IELTS Academic (British Council’s English Language Test): score of at least 7.0, all sections sufficient (so at least 6.0 on each section and at least 6.5 on the writing section);
- CPE, Cambridge Certificate of Proficiency in English;
- CAE, Cambridge Certificate of Advanced English.
Students from Cameroon should take the British Council’s English Language Test (IELTS) to avoid problems in a later stage of the procedure when they are applying for visa.
Those whose native language is English may be considered for exemption from evidence of proficiency in English. Also, LLM applicants who are taking/have completed an English-taught bachelor programme at a Dutch research university may be considered for exemption from taking an English proficiency test. Students coming from bi-lingual countries or other English-taught programmes can request exemption from taking an English proficiency test, though this exemption is hardly ever awarded. It is up to the Admissions Board to decide upon all exemption requests.
Dutch Law students who already study at the University of Groningen yet do not have direct access to the English-taught LLM programmes can be exempt from taking an English proficiency test if they have taken the course ''Legal English'' at the University.
Details of the TOEFL test can be obtained from ETS on their website. Our TOEFL institution code is 7191. Please mention this on your answer sheet when you are taking the test! Details of the British Council Test are available from the British Council Office in your country or from their website. The test scores cannot be older than two years.
Please note that the English language proficiency tests are not required at the time of application but can be submitted at a later date. Please contact the admissions office directly at email@example.com for further information regarding final deadlines for submitting proficiency tests and include your application number and name in your email.
5. Curriculum vitae
Please include a curriculum vitae, clearly stating, where appropriate, your working experience in the legal field.
6. One academic reference
Candidates must provide one letter of reference from an academic referee who has detailed knowledge of their academic records. The letter of recommendation should be sent directly to us by e-mail from the official (institutional) e-mail account of the referee, and should be written on official letterhead, signed, and sent as an attached file. They should be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org . It is also possible to upload the letter of reference in the Online Application System. In this case the letter also has to be on official letterhead, signed, and it has to include full contact details of the referee including his or her institutional e-mail address.
In the letter, referees should state: 1) How long they have known the applicant and in what capacity, and 2) What is their opinion of the applicant’s ability to undertake study at postgraduate level and to successfully complete the specific LLM programme the applicant is applying to.
Candidates are admitted on the basis of their merits. As soon as the number of eligible candidates starts to exceed the number of places available, the best candidates are selected for the remaining places. Candidates, who do not yet fulfil all requirements for admission, may be admitted conditionally, pending fulfilment of remaining requirements. Decisions on admission will be made after the Admissions Board has received all the following documents in our Online Application System (OAS):
- the fully completed application online;
- a certified copy of the candidate’s academic transcript from his/her university;
- a certified copy of the LLB degree certificate;
- one academic reference;
- a letter of motivation;
- a curriculum vitae;
- photocopy of your passport (the page with the date of issue and expiry, your personal details and your picture); and,
- if your native language is not English, evidence of English proficiency (the required English test).
Applicants will be notified of the decision on their application within six weeks of receipt of all the documents required.
If you have already submitted an application and have further questions about processing, please contact the Admissions Office at email@example.com .
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