The changing public and private experience of transgender people
|PhD ceremony:||Ms I. (Ines) Aristegui|
|When:||May 18, 2020|
|Supervisor:||prof. dr. A.P. Buunk|
|Co-supervisor:||dr. A. Solano Castro|
|Where:||Academy building RUG|
|Faculty:||Behavioural and Social Sciences|
This thesis depicts the changing public and private experience of transgender people in Argentina. The first section of this dissertation describes, on the basis of qualitative interviews, how the legal recognition of transgender identities improves their living conditions, particularly in health, education, work and civil rights; and strengthens their resources to cope with stigma and discrimination. These resources, such as identity pride, activism, and sociopolitical changes, act at individual, social or institutional levels and might improve individuals’ psychological well-being, leading to more self-acceptance; control over one’s situations; and stronger psychosocial bonds. The second section of this thesis, a quantitative study with 134 transgender women and 94 transgender men, shows that transgender people resemble heterosexual and gay and lesbian non-transgender individuals, in the most (e.g., mutual attraction-love, being sociable) and the least (e.g., sharing religious beliefs) valued attributed in a potential partner, as well as in the attributes that evoke jealousy when facing a romantic rival (e.g., socio-communal characteristics). However, transgender individuals’ mate preferences were more in line with their biological sex than with their gender identity. Transgender women valued attractiveness and socio-economic status more than transgender men do; whereas transgender men, more than transgender women, valued partners with a dependable character. Regarding jealousy, however, transgender people responded more based on their gender identity. Transgender women, like non-transgender women, were particularly jealous of physically attractive rivals, while transgender men, like non-transgender men, were particularly jealous of physically dominant rivals.