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Van der Kooi, Dr Casper

Casper van der Kooi
Casper van der Kooi

Casper van der Kooi studied Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Groningen, after which he obtained his first PhD in Biopsychics and Plant Physiology and his second in Evolutionary Biology. His first dissertation was on flower colour, aided by methods from optics and botany. His second one was on the evolution of reproductive systems of insects. Van der Kooi is currently a researcher at the Faculty of Science and Engineering. In his research, he studies how flowers gain their colours and how these colours have evolved in the eyes of the animals that look at them. Blooming plants are pollinated by a diverse group of animals that see the world in different ways. If plants are to propagate, their flowers have to be attractive for pollinators while remaining unattractive to other animals, maintaining an optimal temperature, and maximizing their propagation results. All in all, this leads to a range of (often contradictory) selection conditions for plants and pollinators. Van der Kooi uses biophysics to study the optical and thermal characteristics of flowers and to then place these within the evolutionary context of animals’ visual capacities and reproductive biology.

Since 2020, he has been a member of Young Academy Groningen, a club for the most talented, enthusiastic, and ambitious young researchers at the University.

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van der Kooi, C., & Kelber, A. (2022). Achromatic cues are important for flower visibility to hawkmoths and other insects. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 10, 1-14. [819436].
van der Kooi, C. J., & Spaethe, J. (2022). Caution with colour calculations: Spectral purity is a poor descriptor of flower colour visibility. Annals of Botany, 130(1), 1-9.


Stavenga, D. G., Leertouwer, H. L., Dudek, B., & van der Kooi, C. J. (2021). Coloration of flowers by flavonoids and consequences of pH dependent absorption. Frontiers in Plant Science , 11, [600124].
Ausma, T., Bansal, V., Kraaij, M., Verloop, A. C. M., Gasperl, A., Müller, M., Kopriva, S., de Kok, L. J., & van der Kooi, C. J. (2021). Floral displays suffer from sulphur deprivation. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 192, [104656].
van der Kooi, C. J. (2021). How much pigment should flowers have? Flowers with moderate pigmentation have highest color contrast. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 9, 1. [731626].
van der Kooi, C. J., Vallejo-Marín, M., & Leonhardt, S. D. (2021). Mutualisms and (a)symmetry in plant–pollinator interactions. Current Biology, 31(2), R91-R99.


van der Kooi, C. J., Stavenga, D. G., Arikawa, K., Belušič, G., & Kelber, A. (2021). Evolution of insect color vision: From spectral sensitivity to visual ecology. Annual review of entomology, 66, 435-461.
Ausma, T., Mulder, J., Polman, T. R., van der Kooi, C., & de Kok, L. J. (2020). Atmospheric H2S exposure does not affect stomatal aperture in maize. Planta, 252(4), [63].
Stavenga, D. G., Staal, M., & van der Kooi, C. J. (2020). Conical epidermal cells cause velvety colouration and enhanced patterning in Mandevilla flowers. Faraday Discussions, 223, 98-106.
Verloop, A. C. M., Dyer, A. G., & van der Kooi, C. J. (2020). How biotic and abiotic effects colour flowers in a land Down Under. New Phytologist, 228(6), 1701-1703.
van der Kooi, C., & Ollerton, J. (2020). The origins of flowering plants and pollinators. Science, 368(6497), 1306-1308.


Kraaij, M., & van der Kooi, C. J. (2020). Surprising absence of association between flower surface microstructure and pollination system. Plant Biology, 22(2), 177-183.
Dyer, A. G., Boyd-Gerny, S., Shrestha, M., Garcia, J. E., van der Kooi, C. J., & Wong, B. B. M. (2019). Colour preferences of Tetragonula carbonaria Sm. stingless bees for colour morphs of the Australian native orchid Caladenia carnea. Journal of Comparative Physiology A, 205(3), 347-361.
van der Kooi, C. J., Dyer, A. G., Kevan, P. G., & Lunau, K. (2019). Functional significance of the optical properties of flowers for visual signalling. Annals of Botany, 123(2), 263-276.
Matthey-Doret, C., van der Kooi, C. J., Jeffries, D. L., Bast, J., Dennis, A. B., Vorburger, C., & Schwander, T. (2019). Mapping of multiple complementary sex determination loci in a parasitoid wasp. Genome Biology and Evolution, 11(10), 2954-2962.
Ruedenauer, F. A., Spaethe, J., van der Kooi, C. J., & Leonhardt, S. D. (2019). Pollinator or pedigree: Which factors determine the evolution of pollen nutrients? Oecologia, 191(2), 349-358.
van der Kooi, C. J., Kevan, P. G., & Koski, M. H. (2019). The thermal ecology of flowers. Annals of Botany, 124(3), 343-353.
van der Kooi, C. J., & Stavenga, D. G. (2019). Vividly coloured poppy flowers due to dense pigmentation and strong scattering in thin petals. Journal of Comparative Physiology A, 205(3), 363-372.


van der Kooi, C. J., Ghali, K., Amptmeijer, D., & Schwander, T. (2019). Niche differentiation among clones in asexual grass thrips. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 22(1), 126-130.


van der Kooi, C. J., Matthey-doret, C., & Schwander, T. (2017). Evolution and comparative ecology of parthenogenesis in haplodiploid arthropods. Evolution Letters, 1(6), 304-316.
van der Kooi, C. J., Elzenga, J. T. M., Dijksterhuis, J., & Stavenga, D. G. (2017). Functional optics of glossy buttercup flowers. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 14(127), [20160933].
Stavenga, D. G., van der Kooi, C. J., & Wilts, B. D. (2017). Structural coloured feathers of mallards act by simple multilayer photonics. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 14(133), [20170407].


Stavenga, D. G., & van der Kooi, C. J. (2016). Coloration of the Chilean Bellflower, Nolana paradoxa, interpreted with a scattering and absorbing layer stack model. Planta, 243(1), 171-181.
van der Kooi, C. J., Pen, I., Staal, M., Stavenga, D. G., & Elzenga, J. T. M. (2016). Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers. Plant Biology, 18(1), 56-62.
van der Kooi, C. J., Reich, M., Löw, M., de Kok, L. J., & Tausz, M. (2016). Growth and yield stimulation under elevated CO2 and drought: A meta-analysis on crops. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 122, 150-157.
van der Kooi, C. J., Elzenga, J. T. M., Staal, M., & Stavenga, D. G. (2016). How to colour a flower: On the optical principles of flower coloration. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 283(1830), [20160429].
van der Kooi, C. (2016). Plant biology: Flower orientation, temperature regulation and pollinator attraction. Current Biology, 26(21), R1143-R1145.


van der Kooi, C. J., Dyer, A. G., & Stavenga, D. G. (2015). Is floral iridescence a biologically relevant cue in plant-pollinator signaling? New Phytologist, 205(1), 18-20.
van der Kooi, C., & Schwander, T. (2015). Parthenogenesis: Birth of a new lineage or reproductive accident? Current Biology, 25(15), R659-R661.
van der Kooi, C. J. (2015). The coloration toolkit of flowers: Filtering pigments, scattering structures and biological significance. University of Groningen.


van der Kooi, C. J., & Schwander, T. (2014). Evolution of asexuality via different mechanisms in grass thrips (Thysanoptra: Aptinothrips). Evolution, 68(7), 1883-93.
van der Kooi, C. J., Wilts, B. D., Leertouwer, H. L., Staal, M., Elzenga, J. T. M., & Stavenga, D. G. (2014). Iridescent flowers? Contribution of surface structures to optical signaling. New Phytologist, 203(2), 667-673.
van der Kooi, C. J., & Schwander, T. (2014). On the fate of sexual traits under asexuality. Biological Reviews, 89(4), 805 – 819.
Last modified:30 June 2022 09.20 a.m.
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