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Brakman, Prof. Steven

Steven Brakman
Steven Brakman

Steven Brakman is professor of international economics. He studied economics at the University of Groningen and became a professor there in 2003. ‘The term globalization appeals to the imagination more than “international economics”’, according to Brakman. ‘But in fact globalization is one of the areas where international economics can be applied. We use the knowledge, ideas and models to study the consequences of globalization: the world supposedly getting smaller.’ Brakman is often invited to discussions, by anti-globalists too, about the pros and cons of globalization. ‘Great fun, as these groups tend to have the fiercest discussions,’ he says. ‘They are wrong, however. The main misconceptions are that globalization is something new, is developing rapidly and is resulting in exploitation. Globalization has always been there, and exploitation has other causes, such as domestic technological progress.’

One of the topics Brakman is working on is the development and application of international trade theory. ‘Why are there not only huge differences between countries, but also between regions within countries? Why is the Randstad one big conurbation while the North is so empty? We examine which company behaviours lead to the development of conurbations. The old models assume that all companies behave in the same way. It has recently been shown that differences between companies in fact lead to specific settlement patterns.’

Brakman is regularly hired as an expert business consultant. He also publishes frequently on the economists site Me Judice.

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Publications

2021

Bohn, T., Brakman, S., & Dietzenbacher, E. (2021). From exports to value added to income: Accounting for bilateral income transfers. Journal of International Economics, 131, [103496]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinteco.2021.103496
Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., & van Witteloostuijn , A. (2021). Robots do not get coronavirus: The COVID-19 pandemic and the international division of labor. Journal of International Business Studies. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41267-021-00410-9
Bohn, T., Brakman, S., & Dietzenbacher, E. (2021). Who’s afraid of Virginia Wu? US employment footprints and self-sufficiency. Economic Systems Research. https://doi.org/10.1080/09535314.2021.1935219

2020

Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., & van Marrewijk, C. (2020). An Introduction to Geographical and Urban Economics: A Spiky World. (3 ed.) Cambridge University Press.
Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., van Maarseveen, R., & Zwaneveld, P. (2020). Firm heterogeneity and exports in the Netherlands: Identifying export potential beyond firm productivity. Journal of international trade & economic development, 29(1), 36-68. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638199.2019.1631876
Garretsen, H., Brakman, S., & Witteloostuijn ,van, A. (2020). The turn from just-in-time to just-in-case globalization in and after times of COVID-19 an essay on the risk re-appraisal of borders and buffers. Social Sciences & Humanities Open, 2(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssaho.2020.100034

2019

Brakman, S., & van Marrewijk, C. (2019). Heterogeneous country responses to the Great Recession: the role of supply chains. Review of World Economics, 155(4), 677-705. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10290-019-00345-2
Brakman, S., Frankopan, P., Garretsen, H., & van Marrewijk, C. (2019). The New Silk Roads: an introduction to China's Belt and Road Initiative. Cambridge journal of regions economy and society, 12(1), 3-16. https://doi.org/10.1093/cjres/rsy037
Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., & Kohl, T. (2019). Tinbergen en de Nobelprijzen voor internationale handel. TPEdigitaal, 13(1), 1-7.

2018

Brakman, S., Garretsen, J., & Kohl, T. (2018). Consequences of Brexit and options for a ‘Global Britain’. Papers in Regional Science, 97(1), 55-72. [3]. https://doi.org/10.1111/pirs.12343
Bohn, T., Brakman, S., & Dietzenbacher, E. (2018). The role of services in globalisation. World Economy, 41(10), 2732-2749. https://doi.org/10.1111/twec.12640

2017

Brakman, S., & Van Marrewijk, C. (2017). A closer look at revealed comparative advantage: Gross-versus value-added trade flows. Papers in Regional Science, 96(1), 61-92. https://doi.org/10.1111/pirs.12208
Brakman, S., Garretsen, J., & Kohl, T. (2017). Consequences of Brexit and Options for a "Global Britain". (CESifo Working Paper; No. 6648). CESifo. https://www.cesifo-group.de/ifoHome/publications/working-papers/CESifoWP/CESifoWPdetails?wp_id=19315498
Brakman, S., & Garretsen, H. (2017). Economics without equilibrium. Regional Studies, 51(4), 655-658. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2017.1278971
Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., & Kohl, T. (2017). Globalisering vs Rutte III: 2-1. TPEdigitaal, 11, 63-67.
van Bergeijk, P. A. G., Brakman, S., & van Marrewijk, C. (2017). Heterogeneous economic resilience and the great recession's world trade collapse. Papers in Regional Science, 96(1), 3-+. https://doi.org/10.1111/pirs.12279
Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., & Zhao, Z. (2017). Spatial concentration of manufacturing firms in China. Papers in Regional Science, 96, S179-U214. https://doi.org/10.1111/pirs.12195

2016

Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., & Oumer, A. (2016). Town Twinning and German City Growth. Regional Studies, 50(8), 1420-1432. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2015.1023282

2015

Kohl, T., Brakman, S., & Garretsen, J. (2016). Do Trade Agreements Stimulate International Trade Differently? Evidence from 296 Trade Agreements. World Economy, 39(1), 97-131. https://doi.org/10.1111/twec.12272
Brakman, S., van Marrewijk, C., & Partridge, M. (2015). Local Consequences of Global Production Processes. Journal of Regional Science, 55(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/jors.12179
Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., & van Marrewijk, C. (2015). Regional resilience across Europe: On urbanisation and the initial impact of the Great Recession . Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 8(2), 225-240. https://doi.org/10.1093/cjres/rsv005
Brakman, S., Kohl, T., & Marrewijk, C. V. (2015, Nov 13). The Impact of the Transatlantic Trade & Investment Partnership (TTIP) on Low Income Countries: Agreement Heterogeneity and Supply Chain Linkages. https://www.tweedekamer.nl/kamerstukken/brieven_regering/detail?id=2015Z21538&did=2015D43811

2014

Brakman, S., & van Marrewijk, C. (2014). Factor prices and geographical economics. In C. Karlsson, M. Anderson, & T. Norman (Eds.), Handbook of research methods and applications in economic geography (pp. 67-82). Edward Elgar Publishing.
Brakman, S., Garretsen, J., & van Marrewijk, C. (2014). New economic geography: Endogenizing location in an international trade model. In M. Fischer, & P. Nijkamp (Eds.), Handbook of regional science (pp. 569-589). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-23430-9_39

2013

Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., van Marrewijk, C., & van Witteloostuijn, A. (2013). Cross-border merger & acquisition activity and revealed comparative advantage in manufacturing industries. Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, 22(1), 28-57. https://doi.org/10.1111/jems.12007
Kohl, T., Brakman, S., & Garretsen, J. H. (2013). Do trade agreements stimulate international trade differently? Evidence from 296 trade agreements. (CESifo Working Papers). CESifo.
Beugelsdijk, S., Brakman, S., Garretsen, J. H., & van Ees, H. (2013). Firms in the international economy: Firm heterogeneity meets international business. MIT Press.
Beugelsdijk, S., Brakman, S., Garretsen, J. H., & van Marrewijk, C. (2013). International economics and business: Nations and firms in the global economy. Cambridge University Press.
Brakman, S., & van Marrewijk, C. (2013). Lumpy countries, urbanization, and trade. Journal of International Economics, 89(1), 252-261. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinteco.2012.05.004
Brakman, S., & van Marrewijk, C. (2013). Reflections on cluster policies. Cambridge journal of regions economy and society, 6(2), 217-231. https://doi.org/10.1093/cjres/rst001
Brakman, S., Inklaar, R., & Van Marrewijk, C. (2013). Structural change in OECD comparative advantage. Journal of international trade & economic development, 22(6), 817-838. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638199.2011.605460

2012

Partridge, M. D., Boarnet, M., Brakman, S., & Ottaviano, G. (2012). Editorial: Introduction: Whither spatial econometrics? Journal of Regional Science, 52(2), 161 - 171. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9787.2012.00767.x
Bosker, M., Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., & Schramm, M. (2012). Relaxing Hukou: Increased labor mobility and China's economic geography. Journal of Urban Economics, 72(2-3), 252-266. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jue.2012.06.002
Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., van Marrewijk, C., & Oumer, A. (2012). The border population effects of EU integration. Journal of Regional Science, 52(1), 40-59. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9787.2011.00752.x

2011

Brakman, S., Garretsen, J. H., & van Marrewijk, C. (2011). References across the fence: measuring the dialogue between economists and geographers. Journal of Economic Geography, 11(2), 371-385. https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lbq032

2010

Bosker, E. M., Brakman, S., Garretsen, J. H., & Schramm, M. (2010). Adding geography to the new economic geography: Bridging the gap between theory and empirics. Journal of Economic Geography, 10(6), 793-823. https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lbq003
Brakman, S., & van Witteloostuijn, A. (2010). Burger vervreemdt van een overheid die voor bedrijfje gaat spelen. NRC Handelsblad.
Brakman, S., Garita, G., Garretsen, J. H., & van Marrewijk, C. (2010). Economic and financial integration and the rise of cross-border M&As. In P. A. G. van Bergeijk, & S. Brakman (Eds.), The Gravity model in international trade (pp. 296-323). Cambridge University Press.
Brakman, S., Bosker, E. M., Garretsen, J. H., & Schramm, M. (2010). Relaxing Hukou: Increased labor mobility and China's economic geography. (8106 ed.) (CEPR Discussion Papers; Vol. 8106). CEPR.
Brakman, S., & Inklaar, R. (2010). Structural change in OECD comparative advantage. (CESifo Working Papers; Vol. 3033). CESifo.
Brakman, S., & van Bergeijk, P. A. G. (2010). The comeback of the Gravity model. In S. Brakman, & P. A. G. Bergeijk (Eds.), The Gravity model in prospect and retrospect Cambridge University Press.
Brakman, S., & van Bergeijk, P. A. G. (2010). The Gravity model in prospect and retrospect. Cambridge University Press.
Brakman, S., Garretsen, J. H., & de Jong, H. J. (2010). Urbanisatie in het premoderne Italie, 1300-1861; De dynamiek van urbanisatie patronen. In G. Collenteur, M. Duijvendak, R. Paping, & H. de Vries (Eds.), Stad en regio, Liber Amicorum voor prof.dr. Pim Kooij (pp. 333 - 344). Koninklijke Van Gorcum.
Brakman, S. (2010). We winnen ook door globalisering. Brabants Dagblad, 14 - 15.
Brakman, S., & van Witteloostuijn, A. (2010). Xenofobie is desastrues voor de Europese economie. NRC Handelsblad.

2009

Brakman, S., Garretsen, J. H., & van Marrewijk, C. (2009). Economic geography within and between European nations: The role of market potential and density across space and time. Journal of Regional Science, 49(4), 777-800. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9787.2009.00633.x
Brakman, S., & van Marrewijk, C. (2009). INTRODUCTION: HETEROGENEITY AT DIFFERENT SPATIAL SCALES*. Journal of Regional Science, 49(4), 607-615. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9787.2009.00626.x
Brakman, S., van Marrewijk, C., & van Witteloostuijn, A. (2009). Market liberalization in the natural gas market. (CESifo Working Papers; Vol. 2697). CESifo.
Brakman, S., & van Marrewijk, C. (2009). The economics of international transfers. Cambridge University Press.
Brakman, S., Garretsen, J. H., & van Marrewijk, C. (2009). The new introduction to geographical economics. Cambridge University Press.
Brakman, S., & Garretsen, H. (2009). Trade and Geography: Paul Krugman and the 2008 Nobel Prize for Economics. Spatial Economic Analysis, 4(1), 5-23. https://doi.org/10.1080/17421770902739120

2008

Bosker, M., Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., & Schramm, M. (2008). A century of shocks: The evolution of the German city size distribution 1925-1999. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 38(4), 330-347. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2008.04.002
Brakman, S., Garretsen, J. H., & van Marrewijk, C. (2008). Agglomeration and government spending. In S. Brakman, & H. Garretsen (Eds.), Foreign direct investment and the multinational enterprise (pp. 89-116). MIT Press.
Brakman, S., & Garretsen, J. H. (2008). Foreign direct investment and the multinational enterprise. MIT Press.
Brakman, S., & Garretsen, J. H. (2008). Introduction. In J. H. Garretsen, & S. Brakman (Eds.), Foreign direct investment and the multinational enterprise (pp. 1 - 11). MIT Press.
Brakman, S., & van Marrewijk, C. (2008). It's a big world after all: on the economic impact of location and distance. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 1(3), 411-437. https://doi.org/10.1093/cjres/rsm006
Brakman, S., Garretsen, J. H., & van Marrewijk, C. (2008). Nobelprijs economie voor Paul Krugman. Economische Statistische Berichten, 93(4546), 660 - 664.
Bosker, E. M., Brakman, S., Garretsen, J. H., de Jong, H. J., & Schramm, M. (2008). Ports, plagues, and politics: Explaining Italian city growth: 1300-1861. European Review of Economic History, 12(1), 97 - 131. https://doi.org/10.1017/s1361491608002128
Alsem, K. J., Brakman, S., Hoogduin, L., & Kuper, G. (2008). The impact of newspapers on consumer confidence: Does spin bias exist? Applied Economics, 40(5), 531-539. https://doi.org/10.1080/00036840600707100
Brakman, S., Garita, G., Garretsen, J. H., & van Marrewijk, C. (2008). Unlocking the value of cross-border mergers and acquisitions. (CESifo Working Papers; Vol. 2294). CESifo.

2007

Brakman, S., Bosker, M., Schramm, M., & Garretsen, H. (2007). Adding geography to the new economic geography. (CESifo Working Papers; No. 2038). CESifo.
Brakman, S., van Marrewijk, C., & Garretsen, H. (2007). Agglomeration and aid. In S. Lahiri (Ed.), Frontiers of economics and globalization: Theory and practice of foreign aid (pp. 31 - 53). Elsevier.
Witteloostuijn ,van, A., Brakman, S., van den Born, A., van Marrewijk, C., & Jong, de, G. (2007). An evaluation of the strategy change at Stegeman: From leader to follower? University of Groningen.
Brakman, S., van Marrewijk, C., & Garretsen, H. (2007). Cross-border mergers and acquisitions: The facts as a guide for international economics. In G. N. Gregoriou, & L. Renneboog (Eds.), International mergers and acquisitions activity since 1990 (pp. 23 - 49). Academic Press.
Brakman, S., & van Marrewijk, C. (2007). Empirie van de economische geografie. Economisch Statistische Berichten, juli, 22 - 26.
Brakman, S., & Garretsen, H. (2007). From theory to estimation and back: The empirical relevance of new economic geography. In B. Fingleton (Ed.), New directions in economic geography (pp. 98-129). Edward Elgar Publishing.
Brakman, S., & van Marrewijk, C. (2007). It's a big world after all. (CESifo working paper; No. 1964). CESifo.
Bosker, M., Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., & Schramm, M. (2007). Looking for multiple equilibria when geography matters: German city growth and the WWII shock. Journal of Urban Economics, 61(1), 152-169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jue.2006.07.001
Bosker, M., Brakman, S., de Jong, H. J., Schramm, M., & Garretsen, H. (2007). The development of cities in Italy 1300-1861. (CESifo Working Papers; Vol. 1893). CESifo.
Brakman, S., & van Marrewijk, C. (2007). Transfers, nontraded goods, and unemployment: An analysis of the Keynes-Ohlin debate. History of Political Economy, 39(1), 121-143. https://doi.org/10.1215/00182702-2006-026
Witteloostuijn , van, A., Brakman, S., & van Marrewijk, C. (2007). Welfare distribution effect of a price reduction in the Dutch gas transport market: A scenario analysis of regulatory policy, market form and rent allocation. Energy Policy, 35(12), 6299-6308. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2007.07.027

2006

Brakman, S., & van Marrewijk, C. (2006). China is nog lang geen economische wereldmacht. Geografie, 15, 14 - 17.
Brakman, S., van Marrewijk, C., & Garretsen, H. (2006). Industrial location and competitiveness. In A. K. Vaidya (Ed.), Globalization: Encyclopedia of trade, labor, and politics, Vol. 1 ABC-CLIO.
Brakman, S., van Marrewijk, C., van Witteloostuijn, A., & Garretsen, H. (2006). Nations and firms in the global economy: An introduction into international economics and business. Cambridge University Press.
Brakman, S., & Garretsen, H. (2006). New economic geography: Closing the gap between theory and empirics. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 36(5), 569-572. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2006.06.001
Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., Schrannn, M., & Schramm, M. (2006). Putting new economic geography to the test: Free-ness of trade and agglomeration in the EU regions. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 36(5), 613-635. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2006.06.004
Alsem, K. J., & Brakman, S. (2006). Reclame overdrijft. Tijdschrift voor Marketing, 76 - 77.

2005

Brakman, S., van Marrewijk, C., & Garretsen, H. (2005). Cross-border mergers and acquizitions: On releaved comparative advantage and merger waves. (1602 ed.) CESifo.
Brakman, S., & Garretsen, H. (2005). Enige relativering van het belang van het begrotingsbeleid voor de conjunctuur. Kwartaalschrift Economie, 2, 126 - 141.
Brakman, S., & Garretsen, H. (2005). Geographical economics in its teens: Theory, empirics, policy and unresolved issues. Journal of Development Perspectives, 1(1), 5 - 28.
Brakman, S. (2005). Institutions, incentives and communication in economic geography. Journal of Regional Science, 45(4), 890-891.
Brakman, S., & Garretsen, H. (2005). Location and competition. Routledge.
Brakman, S., Bosker, ., Schramm, M., & Garretsen, H. (2005). Looking for multiple equilibria when geography matters: German city growth and the WW II shock. (1553 ed.) CESifo.
Brakman, S., Gorter, ., van der Horst, A. N. A., & Garretsen, H. (2005). New economic geography empirics, and regional policy. CPB.
Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., & Schramm, M. (2005). Putting new economic geography to the test: free-ness of trade and agglomeration in the EU regions. s.n.
Brakman, S., Schramm, M., & Garretsen, H. (2005). Putting new economic geography to the test: Free-ness of trade and agglomeration in the EU regions. (1566 ed.) CESifo.
van Witteloostuijn, A., Brakman, S., & van Marrewijk, C. (2005). Rent distribution effect of a price reduction in the Dutch gas transport market: A scenario analysis of regulatory policy, market form and rent allocation. University of Groningen.
van Witteloostuijn, A., Brakman, S., & van Marrewijk, C. (2005). The Netherlands as Europe's gas hub: Fantasy or reality? University of Groningen.
Brakman, S., & van Marrewijk, C. (2005). Transfers, non-traded goods, and unemployment: An analysis of the keyness-ohlin debate. (1588 ed.) CESifo.
Brakman, S., Cornet, ., Gorter, ., Tang, ., & Garretsen, H. (2005). Verplaatsing vanuit Nederland: Motieven, gevolgen en beleid. (76 ed.) CPB.

2004

Brakman, S., van Marrewijk, C., & Garretsen, H. (2004). Empirical research in geographical economics. In S. Brakman, & B. J. Heijdra (Eds.), The monopolistic competition revolution in retrospect Cambridge University Press.
Brakman, S., & Garretsen, H. (2004). Location and competition: Summary of the 2003 annual meeting papers of the Royal Netherlands Economic Association. Economist-Netherlands, 152(1), 117-132.
Brakman, S., Jong, de, G., & Witteloostuijn ,van, A. (2004). Market and marketing in the water pump market. University of Groningen.
Brakman, S. (2004). Oratie: Duitsland op de grens van economie en geografie. Tijdschrift voor Politieke Economie, 25(2), 20 - 39.
Brakman, S. (2004). Oratie: Van oude en nieuwe globalisering. Tijdschrift voor Politieke Economie, 26(2), 97 - 126.
van Witteloostuijn, A., Brakman, S., Haan, M. A., & van Marrewijk, C. (2004). The future of the Dutch natural gas market: regulatory policy, market form and international competition in a turbulent Europe. University of Groningen.
Brakman, S., & Heijdra, B. J. (2004). The monopolistic competition revolution in retrospect. Cambridge University Press.
Brakman, S., de Jong, G., van Marrewijk, C., & van Witteloostuijn, A. (2004). The production of GE wind energy in Almelo: what is the best way forward? Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., & Schramm, M. (2004). The spatial distribution of wages: Estimating the Helpman-Hanson model for Germany. Journal of Regional Science, 44(3), 437-466.
Brakman, S., Garretsen, H., & Schramm, M. (2004). The strategic bombing of German cities during WW II and its impact on city growth. Journal of Economic Geography, 4(2), 201 - 218. https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/4.2.201
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