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De Jong, Prof. Gjalt

Gjalt de Jong
Gjalt de Jong

Prof. Gjalt de Jong studied economics at NHL Stenden University of Applied Sciences and at the University of Groningen, where he obtained his PhD in Business Administration. After his PhD, he initially worked for large advisory agencies before returning to the university due to ethical considerations. De Jong’s career divides into two periods. Between 1991 and 2015 he focused on economic growth and strategy. From 2015 onwards, De Jong and his chair group focus on sustainable entrepreneurship and the circular economy. Since 2015, he has been the director of the Centre for Sustainable Entrepreneurship at Campus Fryslân in Leeuwarden. Within this Centre, researchers, businesses, and policymakers work closely together on new solutions for successful entrepreneurship in the circular economy. De Jong is also the co-initiator of the Circulair Friesland (Circular Friesland) association.

In his work as a professor, De Jong finds it important to take an approach other than simply conducting research from an office. He considers himself an academic from the new generation: not a rational machine that solely conducts factual analyses but somebody with a human approach, who works based on an internal motive to improve the world. He has made it his mission to stand for and actively strive for sustainability. At Campus Fryslân, he is focusing on business owners who are grappling with ecological or sustainability issues. In his opinion, it is important to combine enterprise with doing good for the planet, and thus to also be actively involved with the academic world.

‘This demands radical innovation, an academic revolution. If you want to achieve real societal impact, then you must leave the academic ivory tower to join forces with businesses, organizations, and the government in the search for solutions. It requires plenty of patience, time, and energy. This is only possible on the basis of a strong, intrinsic motivation to achieve a better world.’

Previously in the news

Gjalt de Jong
Interview with Gjalt de Jong

2023

de Jong, G. (2023). A general model of sustainable entrepreneurship. In De Gruyter Handbook of Sustainable Entrepreneurship Research De Gruyter.
Thelken, H., & de Jong, G. (2023). Back to the sustainable future: The influence of the Big Five personality traits on consideration of future consequences. In De Gruyter Handbook of Sustainable Entrepreneurship Research De Gruyter.
de Jong, G., Ünal, B., Faber, N., Long, T. B., & Folmer, E. (2023). De Gruyter Handbook of Sustainable Entrepreneurship Research. De Gruyter.
Kaus, J., Yang, M., de Jong, G., & Faber, N. (2023). Developing sustainable entrepreneurial ecosystems: The role of different ecosystems roles and types. In Edward Elgar Research Handbook of Entrepreneurial Systems Edward Elgar Publishing.
de Jong, G. (2023). Introduction to Foundations. In De Gruyter Handbook of Sustainable Entrepreneurship Research De Gruyter.

2022

de Bruin, A., de Boer, I., Faber, N., de Jong, G., Termeer, K., & de Olde, E. (2022). A just transition? Justice principles relevant to food system transitions. 108. Abstract from 14th European Farming Systems Conference (IFSA – European Group), Évora, Portugal.
de Jong, G. (Ed.), Kleine, I. (Ed.), Talens, B., & Vis, I. (2022). Natuurinclusieve landbouw in het Noorden: Inspiratie, innovatie en daadkracht. Universiteit van het Noorden.
Dawo, H. L. A., Long, T. B., & de Jong, G. (2022). Sustainable entrepreneurship and legitimacy building in protected areas: Overcoming distinctive barriers through activism. Business Strategy and the Environment. https://doi.org/10.1002/bse.3118
Dawo, H., Long, T. B., & de Jong, G. (2022). Sustainable entrepreneurship in protected areas: Exploring the influence of embeddedness in a fragile socio-ecological context. Paper presented at Academy of Management (AoM) Annual Meeting, Arnhem, United States.
Golubic, V., de Jong, G., & Folmer, E. (2022). When legitimacy comes crumbling down: A case study of a delegitimised publicly owned social enterprise. Paper presented at Rethinking entrepreneurship after the crisis, Napels.

2021

Eikelenboom, M., & de Jong, G. (2022). The impact of managers and network interactions on the integration of circularity in business strategy. Organization & Environment, 35(3), 365-393. https://doi.org/10.1177/1086026621994635
Eikelenboom, M., Long, T. B., & de Jong, G. (2021). Circular strategies for social housing associations: Lessons from a Dutch case. Journal of Cleaner Production, 292, [126024]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.126024
de Jong, G. (2021). Developing sustainable entrepreneurial ecosystems for regional development: A conceptual review. Paper presented at Rent 2021 Conference (University of Turku, Finland), Finland.
Greco, A., Long, T., & de Jong, G. (2021). Identity reflexivity: A framework of heuristics for strategy change in hybrid organizations. Management Decision, 59(7), 1684-1705. https://doi.org/10.1108/MD-10-2019-1369
Dawo, H., Long, T. B., Ragni Yttredal, E., Wilde Tippet, A., & de Jong, G. (2021). Sustainable entrepreneurship in the North Sea region: A guide book of best practice examples. North Sea Region.
Dawo, H., Long, T. B., Yttredal, E. R., de Jong, G., & Tippett, A. (2021). Sustainable Entrepreneurship in the North Sea Region: A guidebook of best case examples. European Union. https://www.waddensea-worldheritage.org/sites/default/files/Sustainable%20entrepreneurship%20in%20the%20North%20Sea%20Region%20a%20guidebook_low%20res.pdf
Golubic, V., Folmer, E., Stephan, U., & de Jong, G. (2021). Trade-off or trade up: The analysis of financial and social performance in social enterprises. Paper presented at 41st Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (BCERC).

2020

Dawo, H., Long, T. B., & de Jong, G. (2020). Barriers and opportunities for successful sustainable entrepreneurship in fragile ecological contexts. Paper presented at RENT XXXIV.
Dawo, H., Long, T. B., & de Jong, G. (Accepted/In press). Barriers for sustainable entrepreneurship in protected nature areas in the North sea region.
de Jong, G. (2020). CSE: bedrijven als gangmakers voor duurzame samenleving. In I. Vis (Ed.), Samen kennis en innovaties ontwikkelen: Towards a circular economy (pp. 44-46). Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Thelken, H. N., & de Jong, G. (2020). The impact of values and future orientation on intention formation within sustainable entrepreneurship. Journal of Cleaner Production, 266, [122052]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.122052
Vrenegoor, F., de Jong, G., & Cavagnaro, E. (2020). Understanding the sustainability stance of micro and small-sized accommodation owner-managers to enter into (sustainable) entrepreneurship. Paper presented at Sustainable Tourism conference , Southampton, United Kingdom.
Vrenegoor, F., de Jong, G., & Cavagnaro, E. (2020). Understanding the sustainability stance of micro and small-sized accommodation owner-managers to enter into sustainable entrepreneurship. In Sustainable Tourism IX (pp. 127-140). (WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment; Vol. 248). WIT Press. https://doi.org/10.2495/ST200111

2019

Fan, J., de Jong, G., & van Ees, H. (2020). Behavioral strategy and international attention: Theory and evidence from Dutch small and medium sized enterprises. In T. K. Das (Ed.), Entrepreneurship and Behavioral Strategy (pp. 147-177). (Research in Behavioral Strategy). Information Age Publishing.
Eikelenboom, M., Long, T., & de Jong, G. (2019). Circular business models in social housing associations: Bridging ecological goals and social contexts. In International Conference on New Business Models proceedings (pp. 43-43).
Eikelenboom, M., Long, T. B., & de Jong, G. (2019). Circular business models in social housing associations: bridging ecological goals and social contexts. Paper presented at EURAM 2019, Lisboa, Portugal.
de Jong, G. (2019). Educating sustainable entrepreneurship: the case of the University of Groningen. In A. Fayolle, D. Kariv, & H. Matlay (Eds.), The Role and Impact of Entrepreneurship Education: Methods, Teachers and Innovative Programmes (pp. 319-331). Edward Elgar.
Enthoven, M., de Jong, G., & Ünal, A. (2019). Entrepreneurial opportunities as solutions for sustainable development: the relationship between problem recognition and opportunity recognition. Paper presented at High Tech Small Firms Conference, Enschede.
Enthoven, M., Ünal, A., & de Jong, G. (2019). Entrepreneurial opportunities as solutions for sustainable development: The relationship between problem recognition and opportunity recognition. Paper presented at EURAM 2019, Lisboa, Portugal.
Enthoven, M., de Jong, G., & Ünal, B. (2019). Entrepreneurial Opportunities as Solutions for Sustainable Development. Academy of Management Proceedings, 2019(1). https://doi.org/10.5465/AMBPP.2019.14907abstract
Greco, A., Long, T. B., & de Jong, G. (2019). Experimentation for sustainability through design thinking: the case of the sustainable innovation challenge. Paper presented at 35th EGOS Colloquium, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
Greco, A., Long, T. B., & de Jong, G. (2019). Experimentation for sustainability through design thinking: the case of the sustainable innovation challenge. Academy of Management Proceedings, 2019(1).
Vrenegoor, F., Cavagnaro, E., & de Jong, G. (2019). Investigating the motivation values of micro and small sized accomodation owner/managers to enter into (sustainable) business. (Working Paper Series; No. 13). Centre for Sustainable Entrepreneurship .
Greco, A., Long, T. B., & de Jong, G. (2019). The Freezing Effect of Sustainability Paradoxes and Conflicting Identities in Hybrid Organisations. Academy of Management Proceedings, 2019(1). https://doi.org/10.5465/AMBPP.2019.14881abstract
Eikelenboom, M., & de Jong, G. (2019). The impact of dynamic capabilities on the sustainability performance of SMEs. Journal of Cleaner Production, 235, 1360-1370. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.07.013
Greco, A., Long, T. B., & de Jong, G. (2019). When chasing energy neutrality becomes unethical: paradoxes of climate mitigation strategies for social housing. Abstract from Sustainability Ethics Entrepreneurship Conference 2019, Miami , Florida, United States.

2018

Eikelenboom, M., Long, T. B., & de Jong, G. (2018). Circular business models in social enterprises: The case of the social housing corporation. Paper presented at University of Exeter symposium circular economy, Exeter, United Kingdom.
Enthoven, M., & de Jong, G. (2018). Entrepreneurial opportunities as solutions for sustainable development: The relationship between problem recognition and opportunity recognition. In RENT XXXII 2018 conference proceedings
Greco, A., Long, T. B., & de Jong, G. (2018). Identity reflexivity and managerial sense-making: facilitating change in sustainable enterprises. Abstract from RENT XXXII (Research in Entrepreneurship and Small Businesses conference), Toledo, Spain.
Thelken, H., & de Jong, G. (2018). On the intention formation process in sustainable entrepreneurship. In RENT XXXII 2018 conference proceedings
Greco, A., & de Jong, G. (2018). Organisational inertia for positive social change: Theory and Evidence from a Housing Association. Academy of Management Proceedings, 2018(1). https://doi.org/10.5465/AMBPP.2018.12353abstract
Balogh, N., Estrada Vaquero, I., & de Jong, G. (2018). Summer breeze or large storm? The performance implications of partner change in wind farm JVs. Academy of Management Proceedings, 2018(1). https://doi.org/10.5465/AMBPP.2018.12342abstract
Eikelenboom, M., & de Jong, G. (2018). The Impact of Dynamic Capabilities on SME Sustainable Performance. Academy of Management Proceedings, 2018(1). https://doi.org/10.5465/AMBPP.2018.82
Greco, A., & de Jong, G. (2018). The paradigm of balancing the triple bottom line in hybrid organisations. Unpublished. In EGOS
Boersma, M., & de Jong, G. (2018). Van top-down management control naar democratische besluitvorming. Maandblad voor Accountancy en Bedrijfseconomie, 92(5-6), 157-165. https://doi.org/10.5117/mab.92.26526
Balogh, N., Faems, D., Estrada Vaquero, I., & de Jong, G. (2018). What to keep and what to share: The drivers of human capital value in alliances. Paper presented at SMS 38th Annual Conference, Paris, France.

2017

Thelken, H. N., & de Jong, G. (2017). A value chain perspective on sustainable entrepreneurship: Insights from marine debris recycling. (Working Paper Series - Centre for Sustainable Entrepreneurship; No. 1704-CSE ). Rijksuniversiteit Groningen/Campus Fryslân.
de Jong, G., & Eikelenboom, M. (2017). Monitor duurzaam ondernemerschap: De stand van zaken in Friesland in 2017. Centre for Sustainable Entrepreneurship .
Balogh, N., Faems, D., Estrada Vaquero, I., & de Jong, G. (2017). Not all those who wander are lost: Partner instability and performance of windfarm joint ventures. Paper presented at SMS 37th Annual Conference, Houston, United States.
Greco, A., & de Jong, G. (2017). Sustainable entrepreneurship: definitions, themes and research gaps. (Working paper series ; Vol. 6, No. 17). Rijksuniversiteit Groningen/Campus Fryslân.
Enthoven, M., & de Jong, G. (2017). Sustainable Opportunity Recognition: A Systematic Literature Review on Individual Factors. (Working Paper Series - Centre for Sustainable Entrepreneurship; Vol. 17, No. 5).
Klein Woolthuis, R., & de Jong, G. (2017). The diffusion of novelty and field change: A cross case comparison of sustainable innovation in Germany, Spain and the Netherlands. (Working Paper Series; No. 8). Centre for Sustainable Entrepreneurship .
Klein Woolthuis, R. J. A., Lankhuizen, M., & de Jong, G. (2017). The diffusion of solar panels in Germany, Spain and the Netherlands. (Working Paper Series; Vol. 9). Centre for Sustainable Entrepreneurship .
Klein Woolthuis, R., & de Jong, G. (2017). The dynamics of institutional pressures. (Working Paper Series; No. 10). Centre for Sustainable Entrepreneurship .
Eikelenboom, M., & de Jong, G. (2017). The impact of dynamic capabilities on sustainable performance: theory and evidence from Dutch SMEs. (Working paper series - Centre for Sustainable Entrepreneurship; No. 1712-CSE). Rijksuniversiteit Groningen/Campus Fryslân.
Thelken, H. N., & de Jong, G. (2017). The Influence of the Big Five on Consideration of Future Consequences: Theory and Evidence from Dutch Citizens. (Working Paper Series - Centre for Sustainable Entrepreneurship; No. 1707-CSE). Rijksuniversiteit Groningen/Campus Fryslân.

2016

Fan, J., Ees, van, H., & de Jong, G. (2016). Goal-directed and stimulus-driven processes of international attention: Evidence from SME exporter. Academy of Management Proceedings, 2016(1). https://doi.org/10.5465/ambpp.2016.12195abstract
Fan, J., van Ees, H., & de Jong, G. (2016). Managerial attention and export performance: A comparison between mMNEs and pure SME exporters. Academy of Management Proceedings, 2016(1). https://doi.org/10.5465/ambpp.2016.11133abstract
de Jong, G. (2016). Successful Strategy and Alliances. (Monograph ; No. 3). Centre for Sustainable Entrepreneurship .
de Jong, G. (2016). Successful strategy and context. (Monograph; No. 4). Centre for Sustainable Entrepreneurship .
de Jong, G. (2016). Successful Strategy and Individuals. (Monograph; No. 1). Centre for Sustainable Entrepreneurship .
de Jong, G. (2016). Successful Strategy and Organization. (Monograph ; No. 2). Centre for Sustainable Entrepreneurship .
de Jong, G. (2016). Successful Strategy and Policy. (Monograph; No. 5). Centre for Sustainable Entrepreneurship .

2015

de Jong, G., van Dut, V., Jindra, B., & Marek, P. (2015). Does country context distance determine subsidiary decision-making autonomy? Theory and evidence from European transition economies. International Business Review, 24(5), 874-889. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibusrev.2015.04.003
de Jong, G., & van Witteloostuijn, A. (2015). Regulatory red tape and private firm performance. Public Administration, 93(1), 34-51. https://doi.org/10.1111/padm.12098
Fan, J., van Ees, H., & de Jong, G. (2015). The effect of networks on international attention in SMEs: theory and evidence from the Netherland. Academy of Management Proceedings, 2015(1). https://doi.org/10.5465/ambpp.2015.14510abstract
de Jong, G., Tu, P. A., & van Ees, H. (2015). The Impact of Personal Relationships on Bribery Incidence in Transition Economies. European management review, 12(1), 7-21. https://doi.org/10.1111/emre.12032
de Jong, G. (2015). The impact of social and human capital on individual cooperative behavior: Theory, evidence and implications for international strategic alliances. Critical Perspectives on International Business, 11(1), 4-29. https://doi.org/10.1108/cpoib-12-2012-0063

2014

de Jong, G., & Veijer, J. (2014). Cooperative behavior in strategic decision making: Human capital and personality traits. In T. K. Das (Ed.), Behavioral strategy: Emerging perspectives Information Age Publishing.
de Jong, G., & van Ees, H. (2014). Firms and corruption. European management review, 11(3-4), 187-190.
Klein Woolthuis, R., Nooteboom, B., & de Jong, G. (2014). Roles of third parties in trust repair: lessons from high-tech alliances for public trust. In A. Wick, J. Harris, & B. Moriarty (Eds.), Public trust in business (pp. 290-325). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139152389.014
Beugelsdijk, S., Jindra, B., Jong, de, G., & Vo, D. (2014). The future of successful multinationals: Subsidiary autonomy, embeddedness and innovation. Paper presented at 40th EIBA Annual Conference, Uppsala, Sweden.
de Jong, G., Balogh, N., & Klein Woolthuis, R. (2014). The governance of high-tech alliances. Trust, contracts, cultural differences, and interdependence. In T. K. Das (Ed.), Strategic alliances for innovation and R&D Information Age Publishing.
de Jong, G., & van Houten, J. (2014). The impact of MNE cultural diversity on the internationalization-performance relationship: Theory and evidence from European multinational enterprises. International Business Review, 23(1), 313-326. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibusrev.2013.05.005

2013

de Jong, G., Veele, W., & Euverink, G. J. (2013). De aard en omvang van de BBE in Noord Nederland. University of Groningen Biobrug.
Vo, D., Beugelsdijk, S., Jong, de, G., & Jindra, B. (2013). Decision-making autonomy and subsidiary innovation. In Proceedings of the 55th Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business : Bridging the Divide: Linking IB to Complementary Disciplines and Practice (Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Academy of International Business ). Academy of International Business.
de Jong, G. (2013). Innovation and new partner selection: Theory and exploratory evidence from the ICT sector in the Netherlands. In T. K. Das (Ed.), Managing knowledge in strategic alliances (pp. 207-231). Information Age Publishing.
de Jong, G., & Kloeze, R. (2013). Institutions and the regulation of business: An international firm-level study of regulatory compliance costs. American Journal of Industrial and Business Management, 3(6A). https://doi.org/10.4236/ajibm.2013.36A001
Jong, de, G., & Phan, T. (2013). Personal ties and bribery incidence in transition economies: Theory and evidence from Vietnam . Paper presented at EURAM 2013, Istanbul, Turkey.
Vo, D., Jong, de, G., Beugelsdijk, S., & Jindra, B. (2013). The impact of country distance on subsidiary decision making autonomy. Paper presented at 39th EIBA Annual Conference, Bremen, Germany.
Vo, D., Beugelsdijk, S., Jong, de, G., & Jindra, B. (2013). The impact of decision-making autonomy on subsidiary innovation. Paper presented at EURAM 2013, Istanbul, Turkey.
Jong, de, G. (2013). The impact of social and human capital on cooperative behavior. Paper presented at EURAM 2013, Istanbul, Turkey.
de Jong, G., Klein Woolthuis, R., Nooteboom, B., & Faems, D. L. M. (2013). The role of third parties in strategic alliance governance. In T. K. Das (Ed.), Dynamics in strategic alliances (pp. 55-72). Information Age Publishing.

2012

Jong, de, G., Vo, D., & Marek, P. (2012). Managing subsidiaries at a distance: Experience from Central and Eastern European countries. Paper presented at EURAM 2012, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
Vo, D., Beugelsdijk, S., & Jong, de, G. (2012). The impact of decision-making autonomy on subsidiary innovation: Theory and evidence from Central and European countries. Paper presented at 38th EIBA Annual Conference, Brighton, United Kingdom.
van Ees, H., de Jong, G., & Phan, T. A. (2012). The Impact of Personal Relationships on Bribery Incidence. Academy of Management Proceedings, 2012(1). https://doi.org/10.5465/AMBPP.2012.13718abstract
Jong, de, G., van Dut, V., & Jindra, B. (2012). The impact of subsidiary autonomy on innovation: Theory and evidence from Central and European countries. Paper presented at XVIII South African Sociological Association Annual Congress, Cape Town, South Africa.
de Jong, G., Tu, P. A., & van Ees, H. (2012). Which Entrepreneurs Bribe and What Do They Get From It? Exploratory Evidence From Vietnam. Entrepreneurship theory and practice, 36(2), 323-345. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6520.2010.00400.x

2011

Jong, de, G., & Witteloostuijn ,van, A. (2011). Concepts and measures for administrative red tape and private firm performance. Paper presented at 11th Annual Public Management Research Conference, Syracuse, United States.
Faems, D. L. M., Alberink, R., de Jong, G., Groen, A. J., & Klein Woolthuis, R. (2011). Contractual alliance governance: Impact of different contract functions on alliance performance. In T. K. Das (Ed.), Strategic alliances in a globalizing world (pp. 67 - 92). Information Age Publishing.
de Jong, G., Phan, T. B., van Ees, H., & Phan, T. T. (2011). Does the meta-environment determine firm performance? Theory and evidence from European multinational enterprises. International Business Review, 20(4), 454-465. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibusrev.2010.08.003
Jong, de, G., & Witteloostuijn ,van, A. (2011). Senior and junior ministers and national rule production: The impact of team heterogeneity on national rule dynamics in Dutch media law . Paper presented at 27th EGOS Colloquium, Gothenburg, Sweden.

2010

de Jong, G., & Witteloostuijn ,van, A. (2010). Administratieve lasten en de kwaliteit van gemeentelijke dienstverlening in Noord Nederland. Groningen: Universiteit van Groningen. Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
de Jong, G., & Witteloostuijn ,van, A. (2010). Ecology of Law: Achievements and research program.
van Witteloostuijn, A., & de Jong, G. (2010). Ecology of National Rule Birth: A Longitudinal Study of Dutch Higher Education Law, 1960–2004. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 20(1), 187-213. https://doi.org/10.1093/jopart/mup004
de Jong, G., & Klein Woolthuis, R. (2010). The ex post use of formal contracts in high-tech alliances: A contingency perspective. Problems and Perspectives in Management, 8(1), 48-60.
de Jong, G., & Vo, D. V. (2010). The impact of the institutional environment on the autonomy of MNCs' subsidiaries. Problems and Perspectives in Management, 8(2), 53-63.

2009

de Jong, G., & Kleijn, N. (2009). Strategische en economische grondslagen van internationale joint ventures: Theoretische perspectieven en twee decennia aan Nederlandse ervaring. Maandblad voor Accountancy en Bedrijfseconomie, 83(12), 392-404.
de Jong, G., & Woolthuis, R. J. K. (2009). The content and role of formal contracts in high-tech alliances. Innovation-Management policy & practice, 11(1), 44-59. https://doi.org/10.5172/impp.453.11.1.44

2008

Van Witteloostuijn, A., & De Jong, G. (2008). Changing national rules: Theory and evidence from the Netherlands (1960-2004). Public Administration, 86(2), 499-522. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9299.2008.00732.x
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