Automation has drastically changed our lives. Mechanical harvesting, robots to build cars, accounting software – numerous dangerous, intricate or boring tasks no longer have to be done by people. But automation also fosters the fear that jobs are disappearing and income inequality is growing. The political consequences of this growing inequality are crystal clear – populist parties are on the rise. These developments are not unrelated, says economist Robert Inklaar. ‘It is precisely those regions of the United States where robots are used the most that helped Donald Trump win the election.’
According to Inklaar, we are at a tipping point. Is it time to call a halt to automation or not? ‘There are several ways to do this, for example by taxes, strong trades unions or by training more people at a higher level. I hope that my research will make a direct contribution to current social issues. It is particularly important now that we better understand how automation and inequality are related so that society – we – can make timely choices.’
The weekly online video magazine Unifocus highlights topics related to the University of Groningen in the fields of research and society, student life, teaching, policy and internationalization.You can find more videos in our video portal.
Associate professor Milena Nikolova has received a grant of € 50,000 from the Dutch Research Council (NWO) for a project on work motivations and job quitting.
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