Skip to ContentSkip to Navigation
About usHow to find usdr. S. (Stephan) Schleim, MA

dr. S. Schleim, MA

Associate Professor

Stephan Schleim is Associate Professor for Theory and History of Psychology at the Heymans Institute for Psychological Research. In 2012/2013 he was Full Professor for Neurophilosophy at the Ludwig Maximilians University München, Germany. With a background in philosophy, psychology, and computer science (M.A., 2005) and a PhD in cognitive science (2009; Barbara Wengeler dissertation award 2010, EUR 10,000), his research is naturally interdisciplinary: Schleim collaborated with researchers from twenty-five (sub-) disciplines and focuses primarily on the philosophy of psychology and neuroscience as well as science communication.

Stephan Schleim is also a public expert interviewed regularly about the meaning and wider implications of neuroscience research (e.g. Nature News, De Volkskrant, Die Zeit). He writes in English, Dutch, and German with translations into Finnish, Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish.

Selected Publications:

Schleim, S. (2018). Subjective Experience, Heterophenomenology, or Neuroimaging? A Perspective on the Meaning and Application of Mental Disorder Terms, in Particular Major Depressive Disorder. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 702.

Schleim, S. & Quednow, B.B. (2018). How realistic are the scientific assumptions of the neuroenhancement debate? Assessing the pharmacological optimism and neuroenhancement prevalence hypotheses. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 9, 3.

Schleim, S. (2015). Looking for the Basis of Morality: Brain Research moves from Helping Hand to Moral Authority. Concilium, 51, 49-62.

Schleim, S. (2015). When Empathy Became a Brain Function: A Neurophilosophical Case Study. Philosophy, Theology and the Sciences (Special Issue on Empathy), 2, 41-62. (An example of how I understand neurophilosophy, also meant for didactic purposes.)

Section editor of the section on Moral Cognition in the Handbook of Neuroethics including my own peer-reviewed contribution: Schleim, S. (2015). The half-life of the moral dilemma task – a case study in experimental (neuro-) philosophy. In: J. Clausen & N. Levy (eds.), Handbook of Neuroethics, pp. 185-199. Springer, Berlin. (My own review of the original neuroscience research on moral decision-making, ten years after starting with my own research on that subject.)

Schleim, S. (2014). Critical Neuroscience – or Critical Science? A Perspective on the Perceived Normative Significance of Neuroscience. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience (Research Topic: Critical Neuroscience), 8, 336. (A critical analysis of the claims on the putatively far-reaching implications of neuroscience in the context of the recent critique of the scientific publication system.)

Schleim, S. (2014). Whose well-being? Common conceptions and misconceptions in the enhancement debate (Opinion Article). Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 8, 148. (An invitation to think differently about the very popular enhancement debate.)

Schleim, S. (2012). Brains in Context in the Neurolaw Debate: The Examples of Free Will and “Dangerous” Brains. International Journal for Law and Psychiatry, 35, 104-111. (My own favourite paper on neurolaw, based on my previous book on the neurosociety. Also one of the most cited articles of that journal.)

Schleim, S. (2011). Die Neurogesellschaft – Wie die Hirnforschung Recht und Moral herausfordert [The Neurosociety – How neuroscience challenges law and morals] Heise Verlag, Hannover. (My second, German book on neuroscience and its social implications.)

Schleim S., Spranger T. M., Erk, S. & Walter, H. (2011). From moral to legal judgment: The influence of normative context in lawyers and other academics. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 6, 48-57. (The major publication from my PhD research on moral decision-making. I think that we were the first group to investigate real lawyers in an fMRI scanner.)

Schleim, S. & Roiser, J. P. (2009). fMRI in translation: the challenges facing real-world applications. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 3, 63. (Some early thoughts on the challenges we face when trying to apply fMRI and other neuroimaging technology in practical contexts. Also my most frequently cited paper.)

Selected Research Projects:

The History of Neuroethics, 2016-2020
Dutch Research Foundation NWO. EUR 250,000, role: principal investigator. Further details to be announced.

Intuition and Emotion in Moral Decision-Making: Empirical Research and Normative Implications, 2010-2015
VolkswagenFoundation. EUR ~500,000 overall, role: principal investigator.

An interdisciplinary research project with a social psychologist from the University of Cologne and a philosopher at the University of Oxford that fostered 29 new publications including the dissertation of Schleim’s PhD student Felix Schirmann that was awarded the Praemium Erasmianum price (EUR 10,000) in 2015.

Neuroscience in Context, 2007-2010
VolkswagenFoundation. EUR 135,000, role: co-applicant.

An early chance to collaborate with other young scholars from cognitive science, neuroscience, and philosophy that allowed the attendance on international conferences in America and Asia as well as the organisation of workshops with international experts.

Selected Conferences/Meetings:

Visions for Neurophilosophy. International meeting at the Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, March 21-23 2013, funded by the Munich Center for Neurosciences

BrainGear – Discussing the design and use of neurodevices in neurosocieties. International conference at the University of Groningen, September 15-16 2011, funded by the European Neuroscience and Society Network (with Dehue, T., Brenninkmeijer, J., Tjeerdema, H. & Schirmann, F.)

Imaging the Mind? Taking Stock a Decade After the Decade of the Brain. International conference at FelixMeritis and the University of Amsterdam, April 1-3 2011, funded by the Dutch Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences KNAW (with Keestra, M.)

On the ethical and philosophical relevance of neuroscience. International workshop at the University of Bonn, October 3-5 2008, funded by the VolkswagenFoundation (with Galert, T., Krämer, F. & Karim, A.)

Photograph: Elsbeth Hoekstra Photography, Groningen

Last modified:21 April 2019 10.27 p.m.