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Thorsten Wagner: In-situ Studies of Organic Thin Films

Wanneer:ma 01-02-2016 13:30 - 14:30

Organic thin films gain more and more importance in optoelectronic devices like OLEDs, field effect transistors, and solar cells. The performance of these devices correlates strongly with the quality of the organic thin films. Besides the number of defects, one has also to take the crystalline structure of the films into account. In particular, the crystalline structure is also ruled by the interaction with the substrate. Therefore, a Stranski-Krastanov growth mode is quite common for the deposition of organic molecules, i.e. after forming a wetting layer 3D crystallites grow on top.

To study the evolution from 2D to 3D growth, Photoelectron Emission Microscopy (PEEM) and Differential Reflectance Spectroscopy (DRS) are applied. Both experimental techniques can be applied in situ and in real-time during the deposition of organic thin films. In particular, PEEM has a lateral resolution in the 100 nm range, which allows obtaining local information on the wetting layer and on µm-sized crystallites. In spectroscopic mode, the electronic density of states is accessible. By using linear polarized light for the excitation of the photoelectrons, an additional image contrast can be achieved making the PEEM not only sensitive to the sample morphology but also to the different orientations of the molecules with respect to the surface.

DRS compares the reflectivity of the bare surface with the one of the surface after deposition of molecules. The good signal-to-noise ratio allows following the optical properties even with submonolayer resolution. Due to the different environment sof the molecules in the first, second, and higher layers, the different layers can be easily identified by their spectral fingerprints.

The combination of both techniques, simultaneously applied in one experiment, turns out to be a very powerful tool to directly correlate the morphology to the optical properties of the sample. As an example, the deposition of α-sexithiophene on different silver surfaces will be discussed.