Seminar Maria Azhar "Screw dislocations in chiral magnets"
|When:||Tu 24-05-2022 10:00 - 11:00|
The Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction stabilizes helimagnetic order in cubic chiral magnets for a large range of temperatures and applied magnetic field. In this helimagnetic phase the magnetization varies only along the helix axis, that is aligned with the applied field, giving rise to a one-dimensional periodic magnetic texture. This texture shares many similarities with generic lamellar order like cholesteric liquid crystals, for example, it possesses disclination and dislocation defects. Here, we investigate both analytically and numerically screw dislocations of helimagnetic order. Whereas the far-field of these defects is universal, we find that various core structures can be realized even for the same Burgers vector of the screw dislocation. In particular, we identify screw dislocations with smooth magnetic core structures, that close to the transition to the field-polarized phase continuously connect either to vortices of the XY-order parameter or to skyrmion strings. In addition, close to zero fields we find a screw dislocation with a singularcore structure comprising a chain of Bloch points with alternating topological charge.