PhD ceremony Mr. J. de Boer: Learning from video: viewing behavior of students
|Th 13-06-2013 at 09:00
PhD ceremony: Mr. J. de Boer, 9.00 uur, Academiegebouw, Broerstraat 5, Groningen
Dissertation: Learning from video: viewing behavior of students
Promotor(s): prof. E.O. de Brock
This thesis is about learning from video. The initial trigger was the availability of log files from users of video material. Video modality is seen as attractive as it is associated with the relaxed mood of watching TV.
The experiments described in this thesis have the goal to gain more insight in viewing patterns of students when viewing video. Students received an awareness instruction about the use of possible alternative viewing behaviors to see whether this would enhance their learning effects.
We found that:
1) the learning effects of students with a narrow viewing repertoire were less than the learning effects of students with a broad viewing repertoire or strategic viewers.
students with some basic knowledge of the topics covered in the videos benefited most from the use of possible alternative viewing behaviors and students with low prior knowledge benefited the least.
2) the knowledge gain of students with low prior knowledge disappeared after a few weeks; knowledge construction seems worse when doing two things at the same time.
3) media players could offer more options to help students with their search for the content they want to view again.
4) there was no correlation between pervasive personality traits and viewing behavior of students.
The right use of video in higher education will lead to students and teachers that are more aware of their learning and teaching behavior, to better videos, to enhanced media players, and, finally, to higher learning effects that let users improve their learning from video.