Skip to ContentSkip to Navigation
Practical matters How to find us dr. M.W. (Maurine) Dietz

dr. M.W. (Maurine) Dietz

Research Associate
dr. M.W. (Maurine) Dietz
Telephone:
+31 50 36 32044 (Under current COVID regulations I work from home, and you best e-mail me.)
Secretariat:
+31 50 36 32040 (mon, tue, thurs, fri from 8.30 - 16.00)
E-mail:
m.w.dietz rug.nl

Research interests

Organisms are shaped by their environment: they must survive and thrive under current conditions, and they must anticipate future changes in these conditions. Usually the environment is understood as a combination of abiotic (e.g., weather, nesting opportunities) and biotic factors (e.g., social environment, food availability, predation pressure). But in addition, animals interact with a hidden environment or ecosystem, one comprising all sorts of microbial life. These microbial ecosystems can be a trait of the broader environment in which an animal lives, a trait of an animal hosting the microbial ecosystem, or some combination of the two.

 

The gut microbiome is one of the better studied host-associated microbial ecosystems. Gut microbiota have complex symbiotic relationships with their hosts, and exert many profound and beneficial effects on their host. Gut microbes are important for development, immune function, digestion and metabolism, and they even can influence behaviour (the gut-brain-axe). On its turn, the host influences its gut microbe community via genotype, phenotype, behaviour (e.g., hibernation) and especially diet.

 

The complex interactions between host and microbiome have led to the introduction of the ‘holobiont’ (host plus all associated microbiota) and ‘hologenome’ (collective microbiota plus host genome) concepts. These concepts assume that the holobiont is the unit upon which natural selection acts. Following this, microbiomes should vary among hosts, be consistent within individuals, and be heritable; all having important evolutionary implications.  

 

We aim to investigate how the gut microbiome impacts the ecology and life history of their hosts, with the focus on birds. Our main projects involve:

 

  • Gut microbiome and the development of birds 
  • Seasonal and latitudinal variation in host and microbiome

 

 

 

Gut microbiome and the development of birds

Birds hatch virtually sterile and obtain a gut microbiome during their development. Rapidly obtaining  a complete and appropriate gut microbe community is likely important, because only then chicks can profit from the benefits of the host-gut microbiome interactions, such as an increased resistance against pathogens and parasites, and an improved energy and nutrient uptake. However, the establishment of the gut microbiome may be influenced by many aspects, such as diet and food intake (transfer of microbes, sources available for the microbes, etc.) and the environment (transfer of microbes from e.g. soil or nest material, food availability, weather, etc.).

 

We combine work on captive and wild birds to investigate how the development of the gut  microbiome is correlated and affects the development and subsequent survival of the chicks. We focus hereby on the impact of food availability on the development of the gut microbiome, and on the effect of diet and timing (early of late broods) on the development of the gut microbiome.

 

 

 

Seasonal and latitudinal variation in host and microbiome

Seasonal variation in day length and temperature varies along a latitudinal gradient, being more extreme at higher latitudes. Therefore the seasonal phenotypic changes of birds will vary with latitude. We aim to investigate how much the host-microbe interactions are shaped by the physical environment (day length and temperature) and its seasonal changes, and how much this impacts the host. We also want to determine how much of the variation in host-microbe interactions is due to the environment and how much is due to inherited components of the holobiont.

 

Read more

Publications

DNA metabarcoding quantifies the relative biomass of arthropod taxa in songbird diets: Validation with camera-recorded diets

A fruit diet rather than invertebrate diet maintains a robust innate immunity in an omnivorous tropical songbird

Prenatal transfer of gut bacteria in Rock pigeon

Breeding limits foraging time: Evidence of interrupted foraging response from body mass variation in a tropical environment

Do environmental factors influence the development of the gut microbiome in young birds?

Ecological forensics: Using single point stable isotope values to infer seasonal schedules of animals after two diet switches

Body mass and latitude both correlate with primary moult duration in shorebirds

Response to habitat modification by foraging dark-chanting goshawks Melierax metabates in a West African savanna

Unusual patterns in 15N blood values after a diet switch in red knot shorebirds

When the seasons don't fit: Speedy molt as a routine carry-over cost of reproduction

Read more

Press/media

Vraagbaak: hebben alle vogels een zoutklier?

Waarom hebben stadsduiven vaak verminkte pootjes?

Outside JEB - Starving Knots maintain food-processing capacity

Kanoeten in de bocht

De kanoet

On-board 'fuel' keeps birds on the wing

Read more