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University Medical Center Groningen

prof. dr. mr. A.A.E. (Eduard) Verhagen

Pediatrician, head of pediatrics
Profile picture of prof. dr. mr. A.A.E. (Eduard) Verhagen



Name                           Eduard Verhagen, MD, JD, PhD

                                   Professor of Pediatrics

Department Chair, Pediatrics

                                   Program Director, residency training program

                                   Beatrix Children’s Hospital, University Medical Center Groningen



Business                        Hanzeplein 1, PO Box 30.001, 9700RB Groningen, The Netherlands


            Office                 0031503619868




Citizenship                      Netherlands

Language                        Dutch, English, Papiamentu, French


Date, place of birth          3 May 1962, Haarlem, The Netherlands


Skills and experience
  • Extensive clinical experience in general pediatrics including palliative care and neonatology intensive care.
  • Extensive knowledge and experience in the field of pediatric, bioethical, legal and palliative care issues
  • Outstanding oral communication skills: conference presentation, teaching and supervision of students and residents.
  • Senior management skills: clinical directorship, staff recruitment and supervision, quality improvements projects development and implementation, financial and budget management and reporting skills.
  • Strong medical educational skills: initiator of national competency based residency program, program director and research initiatives
  • Team player, demonstrated negotiation, consultation and interpersonal skills with divers audience including academic and non-academic leaders, governmental agencies
  • Fast growing network and cooperation in international bioethics and palliative care


Career summary  
  • 15 years general pediatrics and neonatal intensive care
  • 15 years medical research (outcome studies, clinical studies, medical education, bioethics, health law)
  • 11 years medical director (General Teaching Hospital and University Medical Center)
  • 5 years  Director of the Residency Training  Program


Degrees held

B. Sc. (Law)                             University of Utrecht                                     1985

B. Sc. (Med)                             University of Utrecht                                     1987

J.D.                                          University of Utrecht                                     1987

M.D.                                        University of Utrecht                                      1991

PhD                                        Medicine and Bioethics                                    2009


Professional certification

License in Law                       1987

License in Pediatrics               1997, 3 times renewed (current Dutch license until 2016)

Director residency program    2008, 1 time renewed (current license until 2016)


Professional training

Medical School                       University of Utrecht                                     1984-1991

Pediatrics residency                St Elisabeth Hospital, Amersfoort                  1991-1992

Pediatrics residency                Emma Children’s Hospital AMC,                    1992-1997

University of Amsterdam


Current appointment

Paediatrician-in-Chief, Beatrix Children’s Hospital, University Medical Center Groningen

Director, Residency Training Program region North and East Netherlands


Previous appointment

Head of General Pediatrics, Beatrix Children’s Hospital, University Medical Center Groningen (2008-2012)

Clinical Director, Beatrix Children’s Hospital, University Medical Center Groningen, 2000-2008

Clinical Director, St Elisabeth Hospital, dept of Pediatrics, Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles


Professional activities

Peer reviewer for: Pediatrics, Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine, Archives of Disease of Childhood, Acta Paediatr, European Journal of Pediatrics, Neonatology, Am J Bioethics, J Med Ethics, Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde (Dutch Medical Journal)


External reviewer for: ZONMW, the Hague, the Netherlands, the Flemish Government Agency for Innovation by Science and Technology (IWT)


 University Medical Center Groningen
  • Chair of Ethics Committee Dep. Reproductive Health 2013-present
  • Chair of the Central Teaching Committee (COC), 2012-present
  • Vice –Chairman Regional Teaching Committee, 2010-2012
  • Member Foundation Beatrix Children’s Hospital, 2006-2011
  • Chair Committee for Ethics Consultation and Case-review in Pediatrics 2002-2010


  • Chair NVK Working Group responsible for National Multidisciplinary Evidence Based Guideline for Palliative Care for Children, 2010-present
  • Chair Committee Pediatrician, Ethics and Law (NVK), 2005-present
  • Member National Board of Program Directors, Concilium Pediatricum, 2009-present
  • Member Committee for Neonatal End-of-Life Decisions. Dutch Medical Association (KNMG), 2010-present
  • Member Committee for the Legal and Ethical Aspects of Health Research (CJEA), Council of Medical Sciences of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Science and Art (KNAW), 2007-2011
  • Member National Review Committee Late Abortions. Dutch Association of Gynecology and Obstetrics (NVOG), (2004-2011)
  • Member National Committee on Modernizing Pediatric Residency Training Program, NVK, 2002-2006
  • Member National Working Group on Medicine and Law (2001-2006)


  • Member of Expert Advisory Group on Perinatal and Neonatal Palliative Care, 2013-present
  • Member Editorial board Journal of Medical Law and Ethics, Paris Legal Publishers, 2011-present
  • Member Editorial Advisory Board, West Indian Medical Journal, University of the West Indies, Jamaica, 2002-present.
  • Member Working Group on Neonatal End-of-life-Decisions, European Association Perinatal Medicine (EAPM) (2008-2010)


Professional association memberships
  • American Academy of Paediatrics, International Member (1999), Section on Bioethics (2013)
  • International Association of Bioethics
  • Nederlandse Vereniging voor Medisch Onderwijs
  • European Society of Pediatric Research
  • Nederlandse Vereniging voor Kindergeneeskunde NVK


Teaching experience and achievements (selected)
  • University Teaching Qualification Certificate (BKO) 2014
  • Tutor in In-Vivo ‘appetizer’ courses by Postgraduate School of Medicine:  Designing a competency based learning environment (2008), Feedback (2009), Progress Review in pediatric postgraduate training (2010)
  • Co-author and tutor of GOED II, the revised postgraduate specialty training program in pediatrics NVK, 2010
  • Co-author and tutor of ‘GOED I, National competency based curriculum for postgraduate specialty training in pediatrics NVK, 2006
  • Ambassador Teaching on the Run-project, 2011
  • Tutor General Pediatrics in Medical School (years 1-4)


Grants received
  • Ministery of Health (VWS), 2013: Grant for development of expert panel for pediatric palliaticve care ; €40.000. Main co-applicant.
  • Dutch Association of Medical Specialists (SKMS), 2011: Grant for development of Guideline for Palliative Care in Children; €65.000. Main co-applicant.
  • Regional Specialty Training Education Fund, 2011: Grant for educational product development for residency training program in Pediatrics and Obstetrics and Gynecology; €50.000. Main co-applicant
  • Brocher Foundation, Switzerland, 2011: Grant for International Symposium on Ethical, Legal and Socials Implications of Neonatal Intensive Care Units; CHF11.000. Main co-applicant.
  • Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development (ZonMW), 2011: Grant for project Organization of Palliative Care for Children; €25.000. Main co-applicant.
  • Dutch Association of Medical Specialists (SKMS), 2009: Grant for development of Guideline for Palliative Care in Children; €122.000. Main co-applicant.
  • Dutch Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport, 2006: Grant for European scientific conference on neonatal end-of-life decisions; €25.000. Main co-applicant
  • Dutch Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport, 2005: Grant for National Study on End-of-life Decisions in Dutch Neonatal Intensive Care Units. €160.000. Principal Investigator


Prize received
  • NVK-award 2013, Prize for special contribution to the Dutch Pediatric Association (NVK))



Journal articles (peer reviewed)
  1. Janvier A, Barrington, Aziz K, Bancalari E, (..)Verhagen AAE. CPS position statement for prenatal counselling before a premature birth: Simple rules for complicated decisions. Paediatrics & child health, 2014;19(1):22-4.
  2. Verhagen AAE, Janvier A. The continuing importance of how babies die. JAMA Peds 2013;167(11):987-8
  3. Verhagen AAE. The Groningen Protocol for newborn euthanasia, which way did the slippery slope tilt? J Med Ethics 2013;39:293–295.
  4. Verhagen AAE. Decisions about periviable babies in Dutch neonatal intensive care units; quality-of-life and quality-of-death concerns. Curr Ped Reviews, Volume 9, Number 1, Febr 2013 , pp. 40-45(6)
  5. Sauer PJJ, Dorscheidt JHHM, Verhagen AAE, Hubben JH. Medical and legal decisions for severely ill newborn infants: viewpoints from seven European countries. Acta Paediatrica 2013 Feb;102(2):e57-63
  6. Dorscheidt JHHM, Verhagen AAE, Sauer PJ, Hubben JH. Medication regimes in the context of end-of-life decisions in neonatology: legal considerations with regard to Dutch NICU-practice. Medicine and Law (2012) nr. 4, 671-685.
  7. Janvier A, Meadow W, Leuthner SL, Andrews B, Lagatta J, Bos AF, Lane L, Verhagen AAE. Whom are we comforting? An analysis of comfort medications delivered to dying neonates.J Pediatr 2011; 159(2): 206-10.
  8. Dorscheidt JHHM, Verhagen AAE, Sauer PJJ, Hubben JH. Parental involvement in end-of-life decisions in neonatology: legal considerations with regard to Dutch medical practice. Medical Law International. 2011; 11: 1-22.
  9. Obdeijn MC, Offringa PJ, Bos RMM, Verhagen AAE, Niessen FB, Roche NA. Clefts and associated limb anomalies: description of 3 cases and a review of the literature.Cleft Palate CraniofacJ 2010 Nov;47(6):661-7
  10. Verhagen AAE, Janvier A, Leuthner S, Andrews B, Lagatta J, Bos AF, et al. Categorizing neonatal deaths; a cross-cultural study in the USA, Canada and the Netherlands. J Pediatr 2010 Jan;156(1):33-7.
  11. Verhagen AAE, Dorscheidt JH, Hubben JH, Engels B, Sauer PJ. End-of-life decisions in Dutch Neonatal Intensive Care Units. Archives of Ped Adolesc Med 2009 Oct;163(10):895-901
  12. Verhagen AAE, de Vos AM, Dorscheidt JH, Engels B, Hubben JH, Sauer PJ. Conflicts about end-of-life decisions in neonatal intensive care units in the Netherlands. Pediatrics 2009, Jul;124(1):e112-9.
  13. Verhagen AAE, Dorscheidt JH, Engels B, Hubben JH, Sauer PJ. Analgesics, sedatives and neuromuscular blockers as part of end-of-life decisions in Dutch NICU’s.  Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2009 Nov;94(6):F434-8. Epub 2009 Jul 1.
  14. Sauer PJ, Verhagen AAE. The Groningen Protocol, Unfortunately Misunderstood. Commentary on Gesundheit et al.: The Groningen Protocol - The Jewish Perspective (Neonatology 2009;96:6-10), Neonatology 2009 Jan 29;96(1):11-12.
  15. van Heyningen AM, Levenston MJ, Tamminga N, Scoop-Martijn EG, Wever RM, Verhagen AA, van der Dijs FP, Dijck-Brouwer DA, Offringa PJ, Muskiet FA. Estimated incidence of sickle-cell disease in Aruba and St. Maarten suggests cost-effectiveness of a universal screening programme for St. Maarten. West Indian Med J. 2009 Sep;58(4):301-4.
  16. Janvier A , Verhagen EAA, Leuthner S, Meadow W. Optional lives. J Palliative Care 2008;24(3): 214
  17. Verhagen AAE, Sauer PJ. "Are their babies different from ours?" Dutch culture and the Groningen Protocol. Hastings Center Report 2008 Jul-Aug;38(4):4;
  18. Busari JO, Verhagen AAE, Muskiet FD. The influence of the cultural climate of the training environment on physicians’ self-perception on competence and preparedness for practice. BMC Med Educ 2008;Nov 21;8:51
  19. Busari JO, Verhagen AAE, Muskiet FD, Duits, A. Implementation of a competency-based residency curriculum: experiences from a resource-limited environment in the Caribbean. Medical Teach 2008;30(9):189-195.
  20. Hercules l, Jippes E, Duiverman E, Verhagen AAE, Mourits M. Aanpak invoering vernieuwingen specialistenopleiding Kindergeneeskunde en Obstetrie & Gynaecologie in de OOR Noord- en Oost-Nederland. Tijdschr Med Onderwijs 2008;27(4):181-90
  21. Pols J, Jippes E, Verhagen AAE, Hercules LM, Sauer PJJ. Vernieuwing opleiding kindergeneeskunde in de Beatrix Kinderkliniek, Universitair Medisch Centrum Groningen. Tijdschr Med Onderwijs 2007;26(2):63-74
  22. De Vries MC, Verhagen AAE. A case against something that is not the case. The Groningen Protocol and the moral principle of non-maleficence. Am J Bioeth 2008 Nov;(11):29-31
  23. Zeeman, G.G. Verhagen, A.A.E., Lind, J., Vathorst, S. van de, Wildschut, H.I.J., Wolf, H. Toetsing van late zwangerschapsafbreking, 2004-2007. [Assessment of late pregnancy terminations, 2004-2007]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2008; 152(48)2632-5  
  24. Vathorst, S. van de, Verhagen, A.A.E., Wildschut, H.I.J., Wolf, H., Zeeman, G.G. en Lind, J. Zwangerschapsafbreking na de 20-wekenecho: haast en zorgvuldigheid. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2008; 152(48); 2589-91
  25. Verhagen AAE, Spijkerman J, Muskiet FD, Sauer PJ. Physician end-of-life decision-making in newborns in a less developed health care setting: insight in considerations and implementation. Acta Paediatrica 2007;96 (10):1437-40
  26. Verhagen AA, van der Hoeven MAH, van Meerveld RC, Sauer PJJ.  Physician Medical Decision-making at the End of Life in Newborns: Insight Into Implementation at 2 Dutch Centers. Pediatrics 2007;120(1):e20-8
  27. Verhagen AAE, van der Hoeven MAHBM, van Goudoever JB,  de Vries MC, Schouten-van Meeteren AYN, Albers MJIJ. Uitzichtloos en ondraaglijk lijden en actieve levensbeëindiging bij pasgeborenen. [Hopeless and unbearable suffering and deliberate ending of life of newborn infants]. Ned Tijdschr  Geneeskd 2007;151(26):1474-77
  28. Verhagen AAE. End-of-life decisions in newborns in The Netherlands: medical and legal aspects of the Groningen Protocol. Med Law 2006;25(2):399-407
  29. Verhagen AAE. Zicht op medische beslissingen rond het levenseinde bij pasgeborenen in Vlaanderen. [Insight into end-of-life decisions in newborns in Flanders] Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2006; 150(7):355-7
  30. Verhagen AAE, van Meerveld RC. Het ‘Gronings protocol’ voor pasgeborenen is wereldnieuws. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd-S 2006;4: 70-71
  31. Verhagen AAE, Sauer PJJ. End-of-life decisions in newborns: an approach from The Netherlands. Pediatrics 2005; 116:736-9
  32. **  Verhagen E, Sauer PJJ. The Groningen Protocol, euthanasia in sick newborns. N Engl J Med 2005;352(10):959-62
  33. Verhagen AAE, Sol JJ, Brouwer OF, Sauer PJ. Actieve levensbeeindiging bij pasgeborenen in Nederland, analyse van alle meldingen van 1997/04. [Deliberate termination of life in newborns in The Netherlands; review of all 22 reported cases between 1997 and 2004] Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2005;149(4):183-8
  34. Dorscheidt JJHM, Verhagen AAE. Een Centrale Toetsingscommissie voor beslissingen rond het levenseinde bij pasgeborenen. Een brug te ver? [A review committee for decisions regarding the end of life. A bridge too far?] Ned Juristen Blad 2004; 41:2141-7
  35. Verhagen AAE, van der Meulen G, Wiersma H, Rosina Angelista I, Muskiet FD. Treating Respiratory Distress Syndrome in premature infants. Conventional versus surfactant treatment. West Indian Med J 2002; 51(2):68-73
  36. Verhagen AAE, Keli SO, van der Meulen G, Wiersma H, Arias M, Rosina Angelista I, Muskiet FD. Surfactant treatment in premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome in Curaçao 1994-1998. West Indian Med J 2001;50(2):117-22
  37. van den Berg H, Verhagen EA, Schouwenburg PF, Bras H. DNA-analysis is mandatory in case of an uncommon malignancy. Med Ped Oncol 1997;29(1):65-6
  38. Brand PLP, Verhagen E, Rosina-Angelista IMJ, Bambang Oetomo S.  Indications for high-dose dexamethasone therapy in respiratory distress syndrome. Eur J Pediatr 1996; 155 (4):346
  39. Verhagen E, de Graaf MY, Rosina-Angelista IMJ. Een kind met "motteballenanemie". Tijdschr Kindergeneeskd 1995;63(2):67-68.
  40. de Graaf MY, Verhagen E, Brand PLP. Meconiumhoudend vruchtwater en hoe te handelen bij de pasgeborene [Meconium-containing amniotic fluid and what actions to take in newborn infants] Ned Tijdschr Geneesk 1994;138(20):993-995.


** Most cited article


In other medical journals (non-peer reviewed)
  1. Verhagen AAE. Aborto post-nascita, una perspettiva olandese. Bioethica 2013,4:680-86
  2. Verhagen AAE. Eutanasia neonatale: qualche parole di verita. MicroMega 2013;9:45
  3. Verhagen AAE. Fetter, W. Het is belangrijk te weten hoe baby’s sterven. Trouw, Opinie, 16-6-2013.
  4. Verhagen, AAE. Is Neonatal Euthanasia Ever Morally Defensible? AAP Bioethics Newsletter, spring 2013.
  5. Verhagen AAE, Sauer PJ, Fetter, W. Kind met open rug lijdt soms te veel. Volkskrant, opinie en debat, 3-3-2012.
  6. Verhagen AAE,  Offringa M. Leven met 24 weken. Medisch Contact, 2010; 7 okt, 2048.
  7. Borleffs J, Verhagen AAE, Sluiter HE, Tulp NJA. Financiële prikkel voor vervolgopleiding. Medisch Contact 2010, 25 nov, p.2554.
  8. Verhagen AAE, Sauer PJ. Euthanasie baby's daalt door echo's. Volkskrant, Forum, 25-2-2008.
  9. Verhagen AAE. Beslissingen rond het levenseinde bij pasgeborenen en het Gronings Protocol. Praktische Pediatrie 2008;2.
  10. Verhagen AAE. È uccidere o curara? MicroMega 2006;5:25.
  11. Muskiet FD, Busari JO, Verhagen AAE. Een snelle metamorfose. Kinderafdeling Curaçaos ziekenhuis voert competentiegericht toetsen in. Medisch Contact 2006;26:1071-3.
  12. Verhagen AAE. Levensbeëindiging moet optie zijn bij open ruggetje ; Medische ethiek. Trouw, Podium, 12-9-2005.
  13. Sauer PJ, Verhagen AAE. Arts moet kind uit uitzichtloos lijden kunnen verlossen. NRC Handelsblad, Opinie, 9-2-2002


  1. M van den Heuvel, S Lo-A-Njoe, I Gersthenbluth, E Roelofsen, AAE Verhagen, AJ Duits. Paediatric viral respiratory tract infections over a 8-years period in Curacao. West In Med J, Apr 2009;23
  2. A A E Verhagen, A Janvier, S R Leuthner, B Andrews, J Lagatta, A F Bos, L Lane, and W Meadow. Optional lives. Arch. Dis. Child., Nov 2008; 93: e16.
  3. J Van Der Wolde, B Engels, G Zeeman, A F Bos, and A A E Verhagen. Palliative care medication in dying newborns in the delivery room. Arch. Dis. Child., Nov 2008; 93: e17.
  4. A A E Verhagen, M De Vos, J H H M Dorscheidt, B Engels, J H Hubben, and P J Sauer. The role of parents in end-of-life decisions in severely ill newborns: results from a nationwide study in the Netherlands. Arch. Dis. Child., Nov 2008; 93: espnic 18.
  5. AM van Heyningen, MJ Levenston, N Tamminga, EG Scoop-Martijn, RMF Wever, AAE Verhagen, FPL van der Dijs, DAJ Dijck-Brower, PF Offringa, FAJ Muskiet. Estimated incidence of sickle cell disease in Aruba and St. Maarten suggests cost effectiveness of a universal screening program. West Indian Med J 2008;57 (suppl):
  6. Verhagen AAE, Spijkerman J, Sauer, PJ, Muskiet FD. Decision making at the end of life of sick newborns in Curaçao. West Indian med J. 2007; 56 (suppl 1):35.
  7. Lo A Njoe SM, Verhagen AAE, Keli SO. Respiratory syncytial virus infections in Curacao. West Indian Med J. 2000 Apr;49 (Suppl 2):41.
  8. Verhagen  AAE, van der Meulen GN,  Wiersma H. Treating respiratory distress syndrome in premature infants: conventional versus surfactant treatment. West Indian Med  J. 2000;49 (Suppl 2):62
  9. Verhagen E. van der Meulen G. RDS treatment in premature infants in Curaçao 1994-1998: early surfactant administration indicated to decrease mortality and morbidity. West Indian Med J. 1999 Apr;48 (Suppl 2):68.


Contributions to books
  • Verhagen AAE, Lantos, J. When a child dies: ethical issues at the end of life. The Groningen Protocol. In: Diekema DS, Mercurio M, Adam MB (eds). Clinical Ethics in Pediatrics, a case–based textbook. Cambridge University Press, 2011.
  • Sauer PJ, Verhagen AAE. End of Life decisions in children and newborns in the Netherlands. In:  Younger S, Kimsma G (ed). Physicians-assisted death in perspective: assessing the Dutch experience. Elsevier, in press 2011.
  • AAE Verhagen. Polydactilie. In: probleem georiënteerd denken in de kindergeneeskunde. De Tijdstroom, In Press 2011
  • Verhagen AAE. ‘God gave us the ventilator’, over doorgaan met medisch zinloos handelen [about medical futile treatment]; commentaar. In:  de Beaufort I, van de Vathorst S, Hazebroek F, van der Heijden B et al (ed).  Kwetsbare kinderen: een ethische zorg. Casus en commentaren. Den haag: Lemma 2008
  • Verhagen AAE. Therapietrouw bij een kleuter; commentaar. In:  de Beaufort I, van de Vathorst S, Hazebroek F, van der Heijden B et al (ed).  Kwetsbare kinderen: een ethische zorg. Casus en commentaren. Den haag: Lemma 2008
  • Verhagen AAE. Levenseinde beslissingen bij pasgeborenen: een Nederlandse benadering. In: Echteld ME, Deliens L, Onwuteaka-Philipsen D, editors. Palliatieve zorg; Nederland en Vlaanderen in beeld. Utrecht: De Tijdstroom; 2008. p. 173-78.
  • Verhagen AAE. Regulations regarding medical decisions at the end of life of severely ill newborns. In: Caroline Y. Robertson-von Throta (ed). Tod und Sterben in der Gegenwartsgesellschaft. Bade-Baden: Nomos 2008: 83-91
  • Verhagen AAE, Brouwers H. De laatste levensfase. Levensbeëindigend handelen bij pasgeborenen. In: Keeman JN, de Leeuw PW, Mazel JA ed. In: Het medisch jaar 2005. Utrecht: Bohn Stafleu van Loghum, 2005


Presetations and keynote lectures

International, selected


  • End-of-life decisions for newborns, where are we? European Conference of Perinatal Medicine, Florence, Italy, June 2014 (invited speaker).
  • Taking pediatric palliative care to the next level: national evidence based recommendations for treatment of symptoms. Platform presentation, Pediatric Academic Societies’ Annual Meeting in Vancouver, BC, Canada, may 2014.
  • Parental Suffering and Children’s Best Interest in End-of-Life Care for Newborn. Platform presentation, Pediatric Academic Societies’ Annual Meeting in Vancouver, BC, Canada, may 2014.




  • The Groningen Protocol: Shining the Bright Light of Research on a Shadowy Practice. Oral presentation at the Topic Symposium ‘Pediatric Palliative and Supportive Care Research: Empirical and Ethical Issues’ at the 2013 Pediatric Academic Societies’ Annual Meeting,  May 3-7th, Washongton DC, USA (invited speaker)
  • End-of-life care in the Netherlands; beyond the Groningen Protocol.Perinatal Society of New Zealand and Australia annual congress, Adelaide, Australia, April 15th 2013 (invited speaker).
  • Post-hoc review of end-of-life decisions in the Netherlands. What role should committees play after the facts? Symposium on Perinatal Ethics: Critical questions at the start of life. University of Adelaide, Robinson Institute, Adelaide, Australia, April 14th 2013 (invited speaker)
  • The Groningen Protocol, which way did the slippery slope tilt. Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics (CAPPE) seminar, University of Melbourne, dept of Philosophy. Melbourne, Australia, April 12th, 2013 (invited speaker).
  • End-of-life decisions in Newborns in The Netherlands. Lecture at the Royal Women’s Hospital, Melbourne, Australia, April 11th, 2013




  • End-of-life decisions in the Netherlands, legal, ethical and social aspects. 6eCorso Rezideziale di Neurofisiopathologia Pediatrica, Milan, Italy, Oktober 18-20, 2012 (Key note lecture)
  • Is neonatal euthanasia ever morally defensible? Debate with Brian Carter for the 2012-13 Pediatric Bioethics Certificate Program at the Children’s Mercy Bioethics Center, Kansas City, USA, Okt 2nd 2012.
  • End-of-life decisions in Newborns in The Netherlands. Presentation and debate with Peter Singer, World Congress of Bioethics, 27 June 2012, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
  • How babies die and why that is important. International Symposium on Ethical, Legal and Socials Implications of Neonatal Intensive Care Units, Fondation Brochard, Geneva, Switserland, June 4-5, 2012
  • The GP, which way doed the slippery slope tilt. 5e Congress International de Soins Palliatifs Pediatrique, Montreal, Canada, Okt 4-6, 2012 (Keynote lecture)
  • How babies die and why that is important. Chair and Presentation at the Hot Topic Symposium ‘Ethical considerations in neonatal clinical research’ at the 2012 Pediatric Academic Societies’ Annual Meeting,  April 28- May 1st, Boston, USA (invited speaker)
  • Withdrawal of care in the NICU, when and how; Presentation at the Annual Cork Neonatal Research Meting, Cork University Maternity hospital, Cork, Ireland (invited speaker)
  • Ethical and legal aspects of neonatal resuscitation. Oral presentation at Boerhave symposium  on ‘New insights into neonatal resuscitation’, Febr 16th 2012, Leiden University Medical Centen, Leiden. (invited speaker)



  • Ethics in Pediatrics. European Society of Paediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care (ESPNIC) meeting Nov 4th 2011 (invited speaker)
  • The Groningen protocol; 5 years later. Oral Presentation at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Bioethics and Humanities, Minneapolis, Oct 13-17 2011
  • End-of-life decisions in newborns, developments in the Netherlands, UK Clinical Ethics Network annual meeting, Clinical decision making at the beginning and the end of life.  Glasgow June 23rd 2011 (Keynote lecture)
  • The Groningen Protocol; which way does the slippery slope tilt? Platform presentation at the 2011 Pediatric Academic Societies’ Annual Meeting in Denver, CO, April 30- May 3rd 2011.
  • Medication use for intentional life-shortening in sick newborns. Poster presentation at the 2011 Pediatric Academic Societies’ Annual Meeting in Denver, CO, April 30- May 3rd 2011



  • The Groningen Protocol, An ethically defensible approach to end-of-life care or a headlong slide down the slippery slope? Panel session with Mark Mercurio, Hilde Nelson, John Lantos, Annie Janvier at the Annual Meeting American Society of Bioethics and Humanities, San Diego, 21-24 Okt  2010
  • Clinical Ethics and national health policies: a complex interaction that alters NICU admissions. Matteo Fontana, Eduard Verhagen, Eugene Dempsey, Olusegun Akinloye, Arend Bos, Annie Janvier. Poster presentation at the Sixth Annual Pediatric Bioethics Conference, Seattle, July 23 and 24, 2010.
  • Palliative care vs euthanasia; is there any overlap? Oral presentation at the European Association Perinatal Medicine, Granada 2010 (Invited speaker)
  • International comparison of triage for critically ill patients: children first, adults and neonates last. Annie Janvier, Thor Hanssen, Peter Davis, Eduard Verhagen, Naomi Leventhal, Gabriel Musante, Olaf Aasland, Maria Pignotti, Eugene Dempsey. PAS/SPR Vancouver. Oral presentation at the the 2010 Pediatric Academic Societies’ Annual Meeting in Vancouver, May 1 – 4.
  • Clinical Ethics and national health policies: a complex interaction that alters NICU admissions. Matteo Fontana, Eduard Verhagen, Eugene Dempsey, Olusegun Akinloye, Arend Bos, Annie Janvier. Poster presentation at the the 2010 Pediatric Academic Societies’ Annual Meeting in Vancouver, May 1 – 4.
  • Physician follow-up after newborns deaths in Dutch neonatal intensive care units. Eduard Verhagen, Pieter J. Sauer. Poster presentation at the the 2010 Pediatric Academic Societies’ Annual Meeting in Vancouver, May 1 – 4


National, selected


  • End-of-life decisions in newborns. Presentation at the symposium ‘A humane end-of-life’, Ambulancezorg Groningen, Groningen, March 21st 2013 (invited speaker).
  • The impact of being sued. Presentation at Pediatrics in Overview 2013, Utrecht (invited speaker)
  • The Groningen Protocol, an overview; Presentation at farewell symposium dr Rob Gooskens, Utrecht, April 20th, 2012
  • Workshop ‘a national guideline on pediatric palliative care,  Samen nog Beter 3, Symposium for pediatricians and psychologists, Zeist, April 2012
  • Workshop Ethics of end-of-life decisions. ‘Compagnoncursus Noord en Midden Drenthe’ for GP’s and medical specialists, Texel, March, 15th  and 29th, 2012
  • Regional course and workshop  ‘samen sterk in opleiding’, Groningen, 2012
  • Workshop Guideline development and clinical trials in palliative care; ZonMW, Utrecht,  March 20th, 2012 (chair)
  • End-of-life decisions in newborns and children. Presentation at AMC farewell symposium Bert Wiegman, Amsterdam, Sept 20th 2011
  • Presentation and discussion. Quality of Life at the end of life; round table discussion about ethical dilemma’s in health care. ZonMW /de rode hoed, Amsterdam, May 16th 2011.
  • Workshop Ethics of life and death decisions with newborns (with Peter Singer, fac. of philosophy, Princeton University, USA), presentation: EoL decisions and the GP in the Netherlands. Faculty of Philosophy, University of Groningen, June 1st 2011.
  • Kinderarts en Tuchtrecht. Teaching weekend, 5th year residents in pediatrics, Lunteren, May 2011
  • End-of-life decisions in newborns and the Groningen Protocol. 17th International Student Congress of medical sciences, Groningen, June 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011
  • Making choices in medical practice; national meeting of Christian Academic Students, helvoirt, May 2011(invited speaker)
  • Symposium NVK-congres. Een tuchtzaak aan je broek; en wat de omgeving kan doen of moet laten. Veldhoven, Nov 2010. (organizer)
  • Ethical and legal aspects of the new guideline for active perinatal management in the Netherland. Rotterdam, okt 7th 2010
  • Workshop ‘Opleiding en bedrijfsvoering’. Final In-Vivo symposium. Utrecht, June 2010
  • Workshop ‘Opleiding en bedrijfsvoering’. National In-Vivo meeting. Utrecht, Jan 2010


Interviews in public media

International and national, selected


  • Internationaal: New York Times (Saturday profile), Finacial Times, ABC’s Good Morning America, La Repubblica, Le Monde, El Pais, Sunday Times e.a.
  • Nationaal: Nova, Pauw en Witteman, Nieuwsuur, Schepper & Co, de Volkskrant, Vrij Nederland, NRC, Trouw, Medisch Contact, Radio 1, BNR  e.a. 
Last modified:25 June 2022 02.31 a.m.