Skip to ContentSkip to Navigation
OnderzoekZernike (ZIAM)SSMEPalstra Group

The art of vacancies in semiconductors

The schematic diagram of strategies to create vacancies. Take perovskite structure AB2O3 as an example, where red represents for oxygen atoms, light blue represents B site atoms, and light green for A site atoms. 1: Annealing, 2: Irradiation, 3: Hydrogen treatment, 4: Bonding between O and Al, 5: Doping with small ion size creates O vacancy, 6: Doping with large ion size creates A site vacancy. 7: Electric-field gating. The vacancies show their powerful in the creating of magnetism, as thermoelectric and Li ion battery materials, and as photocatalyst.
The schematic diagram of strategies to create vacancies. Take perovskite structure AB2O3 as an example, where red represents for oxygen atoms, light blue represents B site atoms, and light green for A site atoms. 1: Annealing, 2: Irradiation, 3: Hydrogen treatment, 4: Bonding between O and Al, 5: Doping with small ion size creates O vacancy, 6: Doping with large ion size creates A site vacancy. 7: Electric-field gating. The vacancies show their powerful in the creating of magnetism, as thermoelectric and Li ion battery materials, and as photocatalyst.

Like the quotes says, no one is perfect in the world. This is also a universal principle in the field of materials science. There is no such perfect crystals in nature in spite of most used solid state materials in practical are following perfect crystalline arrangement to achieve the minimum system energy. Among them, vacancies are the most commonly seen type of defects. This is because most crystal synthesis strategies involve the high temperature, resulting to a frequent and random change of atomic position and leaving behind empty lattice sites.

In this project, we explore the strategies to create and control various vacancies, including extrinsic and intrinsic one. By controlling their densities and distributions, it is possible to influence their intrinsic physical properties such as band-gap structures, conductivity properties, and magnetism, etc. This can further generate exciting applications in the fields of water treatment, energy storage, and physical devices such as resistance-change memory.

Publications:

  • Vacancies in Materials: Perfect Imperfection, From Properties to Application. G. Li, G. R. Blake and T. T. M. Palstra, In preparation
  • Band gap narrowing of SnS2 superstructures with improved hydrogen production. G. Li, R. Su, J. Rao, J. Wu, P. Rudolf, G. R. Blake, R. de Groot, F. Besenbacher, T. T. M. Palstra, J Mater. Chem. A, 2016,4(1) 209-216,
  • Effect of Vacancies on Magnetism, Electrical Transport, and Thermoelectric Performance of Marcasite FeSe2− δ (δ= 0.05). G. Li, B. Zhang, J. Rao, D. H. Gonzalez, G. R Blake, R.de Groot, T. T. M . Palstra. Chem. Mater. 2015, 27 (24), 8220-8229
  • High-Purity Fe3S4 greigite microcrystals for magnetic and electrochemical performance. G. Li, B. Zhang, F. Yu, A. A Novakova, M. S Krivenkov, T. Y Kiseleva, L. Chang, J. Rao, A. Polyakov, G. R Blake, R. de Groot, T. T. M. Palstra. Chem. Mater. 2014: 26 (20), 5821-5829
Last modified:10 March 2016 1.58 p.m.