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One makes two: collecting triplet excitons in organic solar cells

04 July 2016

Effective organic solar cells rely on the ability to split photogenerated electron-hole pairs (so‑called excitons) at the interface between donor- and acceptor-type materials. Some organic materials exhibit efficient singlet fission, or singlet-to-two-triplets conversion, leading to the possibility of higher efficiencies than would otherwise be possible. Therefore, materials and methods are needed to utilize triplet excitons via their direct dissociation to charges at the interface.

One makes two: collecting triplet excitons in organic solar cells
One makes two: collecting triplet excitons in organic solar cells

The Optical Condensed Matter Physics group (the Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials), together with colleagues from Princeton University (USA) have demonstrated that triplet exciton harvesting in rubrene/C60 bilayer solar cells can be dramatically enhanced by tuning the morphology of the rubrene layer. Using a combination of time-resolved photoluminescence quenching technique, external quantum efficiency measurements and photoelectron spectroscopy they have shown that in amorphous rubrene/C60 system triplet harvesting is blocked, while after rubrene crystallization it becomes extremely efficient. The results obtained demonstrate the possibility of creating organic solar cells with quantum efficiency exceeding 100%.

The results of this work are published in Advanced Functional Materials: YunHui L. Lin, Michael A. Fusella, Oleg V. Kozlov, Xin Lin, Antoine Kahn, Maxim S. Pshenichnikov and Barry P. Rand, “Morphological Tuning of the Energetics in Singlet Fission Organic Solar Cells”

Last modified:07 July 2016 1.22 p.m.

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