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New Key Publication: FGF1 and insulin control lipolysis by convergent pathways

04 January 2022
Cell Metabolism
Cell Metabolism

Cell Metabolism: Summary

Inexorable increases in insulin resistance, lipolysis, and hepatic glucose production (HGP) are hallmarks of type 2 diabetes. Previously, we showed that peripheral delivery of exogenous fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF1) has robust anti-diabetic effects mediated by the adipose FGF receptor (FGFR) 1. However, its mechanism of action is not known. Here, we report that FGF1 acutely lowers HGP by suppressing adipose lipolysis. On a molecular level, FGF1 inhibits the cAMP-protein kinase A axis by activating phosphodiesterase 4D (PDE4D), which separates it mechanistically from the inhibitory actions of insulin via PDE3B. We identify Ser44 as an FGF1-induced regulatory phosphorylation site in PDE4D that is modulated by the feed-fast cycle. These findings establish the FGF1/PDE4 pathway as an alternate regulator of the adipose-HGP axis and identify FGF1 as an unrecognized regulator of fatty acid homeostasis

Authors:

  • Gencer Sancar
  • Sihao Liu
  • Emanuel Gasser
  • Jacqueline G. Alvarez
  • Christopher Moutos
  • Kyeongkyu Kim
  • Tim van Zutphen
  • Yuhao Wang
  • Timothy F. Huddy
  • Brittany Ross
  • Yang Dai
  • David Zepeda
  • Brett Collins
  • Emma Tilley
  • Matthew J. Kolar
  • Ruth T. Yu
  • Annette R. Atkins
  • Theo H. van Dijk
  • Alan Saghatelian
  • Johan W. Jonker
  • Michael Downes
  • Ronald M. Evans

ARTICLE| VOLUME 34, ISSUE 1, P171-183.E6, JANUARY 04, 2022 : https://www.cell.com/cell-metabolism/fulltext/S1550-4131(21)00623-9

Last modified:06 January 2022 09.47 a.m.

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