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Overarching Questions


#1 Old problems, New Solutions?

goal 1

The SDGs agenda recycles, to a certain extent, well-known, (sustainable) development problems that have seen no or little progress in past decades . The Millennium Development Goals were not (fully) attained, and international law has not always been a help in this respect; salient obstacles to equitable sustainable development remain in international law. For instance, intellectual property law and aspects of international trade law have proven in practice to be an impediment to access to medicines. Achieving sustainable development extends beyond the traditional environmental and technological debates to the complex social dimensions of governance and gender equity. Moreover, the status and content of the ‘principle of sustainable development’ in international law remains unclear. What makes us optimistic that international law will facilitate sustainable development in the coming 15 years? At the same time, we are also confronted with new pressing global problems, including migration flows, substantial increase in non-communicable, life-style related diseases, plastic-based ocean pollution, natural resources scarcity and the digital divide. A preliminary question is therefore whether the SDGs sufficiently ‘capture’ these global challenges. Further, what are the limitations of current international law to articulate and effectively address them? How can international lawyers, law-makers and scholars (propose to) use existing legal regimes and principles (e.g. human rights law, environmental law, the right to science, the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, inter- and intra-generational equity), but also pursue innovative legal approaches in order to accelerate progress across all 17 SDGs?

#2 International Law and the Objective(s) of Sustainable Development?

The theme ‘International Law for the Sustainable Development Goals’, and the emphasis on international law in the SDG Agenda, brings to the fore the question of whether international law serves the consolidated vision of sustainable development, as formulated in the SDGs. Does international law have a unified, specific object and purpose in the first place? If so, should sustainable development and/or the SDGs constitute a structural, guiding principle for lawyers, law-makers and scholars when making, interpreting and applying international law?

#3 Integrated Goals, Fragmented International Law?

goal 16

The SDGs encapsulate, in principle, an integrated vision for sustainable development . Yet, on closer look, notwithstanding the inclusive, multi-stakeholder manner in formulating the Goals, many Goals, targets and their related indicators appear to overlap, conflict or leave essential gaps. What is then the role of international law regarding such overlap, conflict or gaps? What role for international law to support the realization of this agenda in light of its own fragmented nature? What are the available tools and approaches in international law that we can employ to mitigate policy incoherence in international affairs and, hence, ensure a successful implementation of the SDGs? Conversely, are the SDGs a reason to rethink how international law is created, applied and implemented? How can international law benefit from synergies and collaborations with other stakeholders and disciplines?

#4 International Law and Local Realities

goal 17

Grounding the SDGs in international law further raises the issue of whether international law is sufficiently equipped to guide States and other actors in reviewing and realising the SDGs in a manner serving the needs of local contexts. Or, is it rather that international law reinforces structural inequities between those States which have ample capacity to implement ambitious goals, and those that have not? To what extent are international obligations and ambitious goals placed upon developing States realistic? “Leaving nobody behind”, including those “furthest behind” in developing States, should make one appreciate and address the structural constraints that hamper centralised and devolved governments in implementing universal international norms. Constraints include lack of resources, weak governance structures, gender-based disparities that disadvantage women, poor environmental conditions and poor service delivery chains. Examples of failing service delivery in many parts of the world include access to clean water and energy or the distribution of medicines to all parts of the population. A specific challenge that is increasingly stark in view of the different realities facing cities and rural areas.

Workshop Series Programme

The currently planned six workshops and final conference will span the breadth of the SDGs framework addressing thematic and cross-sectoral issues. Regular updates of the programme can be found through the Series’ website. We warmly invite all international lawyers as well as scholars and practitioners from other fields to join us in discussing how international law can contribute to transforming our world.

01 ‘International Law for the SDGs: Challenges and Prospects? (22 May 2017)

02 ‘Financing and the Right to Science in Technology Transfer in SDGs' (24 November 2017)

03 ‘International Law & Accountable, Transparent Institutions’ (January 2018)

04 Gender, Health and Sustainable Development: the role for international human rights law’ (7 May 2018)

05 ‘The role of industries in the global increase of chronic diseases such as cancers, heart diseases, and diabetes’ (1 June 2018)

06 ‘Corruption, Human Rights and SDGs’ (25 September 2018)

07 ‘Sustainable, Safe and Resilient Urban Settlements: The Right to the City & Urban Inclusivity’ (19 October 2018)

08 'Energy and Environment' (February 2019)

Final Conference (2019)

Last modified:14 January 2022 3.26 p.m.