According to both the scientific literature and popular media, all one needs to win a US presidential election is to be taller than one's opponent. Yet, such claims are often based on an arbitrary selection of elections, and inadequate statistical analysis. Using data on all presidential elections, we show that height is indeed an important factor in the US presidential elections.
Candidates that were taller than their opponents received more popular votes, although they were not significantly more likely to win the actual election. Taller presidents were also more likely to be reelected. In addition, presidents were, on average, much taller than men from the same birth cohort. The advantage of taller candidates is potentially explained by perceptions associated with height: taller presidents are rated by experts (i.e. politicians and historians) as ‘greater’, and having more leadership and communication skills.
"Tall claims? Sense and nonsense about the importance of height of US presidents"; Gert Stulp (Department of Psychology en Department of Behavioural Biology University of Groningen), Abraham P. Buunk (Department of Psychology University of Groningen), Simon Verhulst (Department of Behavioural Biology University of Groningen), Thomas V. Pollet (Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, VU University Amsterdam)
Published in The Leadership Quarterly, 9 October 2012: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1048984312000884
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