PhD ceremony: Ms. L.S. Campbell-Verduyn, 12.45 uur, Academiegebouw, Broerstraat 5, Groningen
Dissertation: Click for PET. Click chemistry as a tool for 18F radiolabelling
Promotor(s): prof. B.L. Feringa, prof. P.H. Elsinga, prof. R.A. Dierckx
Faculty: Mathematics and Natural Sciences
This thesis explores the application of ‘click’ chemistry in the field of [18F]-radiolabelling for positron emission tomography, a nuclear imaging technique. Radiochemistry presents a unique set of challenges: short synthetic time frames, small amounts of reagents, and limited available methods of characterization. Superimposed on these challenges is the requirement that the products be consistently pure and the results reproducible as ultimately the protocols may be used to prepare compounds for injection in patients. The copper-catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of alkynes and azides (CuAAC) and its copper-free counterpart promoted by ring strain have both proven to be reliable and orthogonal ligations. The CuAAC in particular is rapid, amenable to a wide range of conditions, selective and robust. In a field where simplicity and speed of reaction are crucial, ‘click’ chemistry began to emerge as an excellent radiolabelling technique. Two main goals were pursued; first to accelerate the rate of the CuAAC and secondly to explore ways to avoid using copper in the ‘click’ reaction to allow for in vitro and in vivo labeling. The first goal was achieved by using the phosphoramidite MonoPhos as a ligand which dramatically increased the reaction rate. The second goal was achieved using in situ generated benzyne to react with azides yielding benzotriazoles, as well as by synthesizing a strained cyclooctyne. Both methodologies, copper-catalyzed and copper-free were used to label bombesin, a peptide frequently used for imaging certain types of cancer, with [18F].
On Friday 15 November 2019, Jan de Jeu will retire from his position in the Board of the University of Groningen after eight years in office. When Jan de Jeu was appointed, it was the first time that the UG broke the tradition of only recruiting board...
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