PhD ceremony: Mr. E.S. Hamborg, 13.15 uur, Academiegebouw, Broerstraat 5, Groningen
Title: Carbon dioxide removal processes by alkanolamines in aqueous organic solvents
Promotor(s): prof. G.F. Versteeg
Faculty: Mathematics and Natural Sciences
Acid gas removal by absorption has been used to separate carbon dioxide (CO2) and other acid gases from natural gas, hydrogen, and other gas streams since the 1930s. With increased awareness of the consequences of CO2 emissions to the atmosphere, the focus of removing CO2 from low pressure gas streams has gained increased attention the last years. In particular, this applies to the removal of CO2 from the flue gases of fossil-fueled power plants.
In the current work, efforts have been made to develop and understand the fundamentals of; (1) a CO2 removal process based on alkanolamines in aqueous organic solvents, and (2) gas-liquid desorption processes. Dissociation constants of several amines, alkanolamines, and amino acids have been experimentally determined in aqueous and aqueous organic solvents. The reported results and standard state thermodynamic properties provide information about the use of these compounds and solutions as possible absorbents for acid gas removal. Liquid phase mass transfer coefficients, chemical enhancement factors, and kinetic rate parameters for absorption and desorption processes have been experimentally determined over a wide range of operating conditions. These parameters have been related to each other at identical operating conditions, and by such provide information about gas-liquid desorption processes.
The aforementioned results have been implemented in the Procede Process Simulator, which was used in order to simulate a CO2 removal process based on alkanolamines in aqueous organic solvents. The simulation results showed a decreased desorber reboiler duty and temperatures compared to processes based on alkanolamines in purely aqueous solvents.
How is it possible that an albatross doesn’t crash and die when it lands? And how come its large wings don’t break due to air resistance? That is what you would expect, according to the laws of aerodynamics. However, Professor Eize Stamhuis has discovered...
In contrast to popular belief, lightning often does strike twice, but the reason why a lightning channel is ‘reused’ has remained a mystery. Now, an international research team led by the University of Groningen has used the LOFAR radio telescope to...
On March 29th professor of Applied Physics Jeff de Hosson was offered a farewell symposium, a few months after his official retirement date near the close of 2018. ‘But 29 March was the 100th birthday of Jan Francken, my predecessor.’ Besides, De Hosson...