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Rudolf Agricola School for Sustainable Development
Bringing sustainability science forward

Groningen Growth and Development Centre

The GGDC is a platform for research on economic growth and development. This research is largely based on a range of comprehensive databases on indicators of growth and development that the Centre compiles and maintains on a regular basis. Furthermore the GGDC organises seminars and conferences.


The Groningen Growth and Development Centre (GGDC) was established within the Economics Department of the University of Groningen in 1992. It was initially formed by a group of researchers specializing in comparative analysis of economic performance across countries and over time, following the legacy of Angus Maddison. Over time, it has evolved into a research center focusing on the interplay between globalization, technology, institutional change, and their impact on long-term economic growth, structural transformation, productivity, and inequality.

Accessible datasets and comprehensive documentation

The GGDC provides valuable insights into comparative global economic trends through easily accessible datasets and comprehensive documentation. These datasets, including the Penn World Tables, the World Input-Output Database (WIOD), and the Maddison Historical Statistics, are made publicly available, enabling researchers and policymakers worldwide to analyze productivity, structural change, and economic growth in detail.

A key objective of the GGDC is to conduct and encourage innovative empirical research with policy relevance. This is achieved through the center's own research initiatives, the compilation of extensive databases for public use, and the submission of joint research proposals for collaborative projects. Given the comparative nature of their work, international cooperation plays a vital role. The GGDC also organizes seminars, summer schools, and conferences, such as the annual Maddison Lecture Series.


The GGDC comprises a dedicated team of senior and junior staff members, PhD students, and support staff, collaborating with a wide network of local, national, and international affiliates. Its current director is prof. dr. Robert Inklaar.

Last modified:13 June 2023 12.10 p.m.
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