Skip to ContentSkip to Navigation
Research Integrated Research on Energy, Environment and Society | IREES Research

Food, Energy, Water Systems Nexus

Theme Food, Energy, Water Systems Nexus
Theme Food, Energy, Water Systems Nexu


While energy supply is a key problem in the future, special attention has to be paid to the nexus with water and food systems as well as other environmental issues including nitrogen emissions, land use, pesticide use, and biodiversity loss. Research in this field addresses a wide range of topics such as options to produce renewable energy on farms; carbon, water and land footprints of changing diets; impacts of global food trade on natural resource use; and water use in energy supply systems. To address these questions, we apply a wide-range of methods such as process analysis, input-output analysis, and substance flow analysis.

Theme contact person

Dr. ir. S. (Sanderine) Nonhebel

Projects related to this theme

Environmental pressure of consumption patterns

The project is about the environmental load of Dutch household consumption and is financed by the Ministry of Infrastructure and water management. The goals is to develop a tool with which the energy consumption, greenhouse gas emissions and several other emissions as well as land use of households are determined. Besides this the tool should be able to give a good indication of the material use present in the consumption items. The tool must be able to determine the total environmental pressure of households but also be able to perform on a detail level: comparing different products with the same function.

Contact person: Dr. R.M.J. (René) Benders

Environmental impact circular options for food and packaging

The project is about the analysis of the environmental impact of the food supply and consumption chain and is financed bij PBL. The results will be used to give recommendations for circular options for consumers. The project is restricted to those recommendations in which the consumers can play a role. This project is part of a larger project where also clothing and furniture supply and use chains are analysed. For all sub-projects the recently updated EAP tool is used, see the "Environmental pressure of consumption patterns" project description.

Contact person: Dr. R.M.J. (René) Benders

Previous projects



The central objective of ADAPNER is to explore the logistics challenges and opportunities associated with a Circular Economy and inform the partners to develop and transform their business. ADAPNER will contribute to new tools for the analysis of chain processes (first sub-theme), by developing in RL1 a framework that allows us to conceptually and formally describe evolving network environments with adaptable logistics. [link to project website]
This booklet describes the context and the end results of the ADAPNER project.

Contact person: Dr. ir. S. (Sanderine) Nonhebel

PhD projects

Last modified:24 November 2022 2.39 p.m.