Effect evaluation and path optimization of international trade on sustainable development | Jiayu Wang
Field | Discipline
- Sustainable development
- Environmental economics
- Climate change
- Input-output analysis
- Nexus analysis
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development announced 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) and 169 targets. The goals and targets will stimulate action over the next 15 years in areas of economy, society, and environment.
Although some countries or sectors may show trends towards compliance with SDGs, the impacts of this trend are diverse, taking into account the trade-offs of SDGs, and the complex international trade relations, as well as the interdependence sectoral relations. On one hand, there are conflicts among the multi-dimensional SDGs. Specifically, economic development leads to an increase of employment, energy consumption and emissions, while energy conservation and emission reduction policies may hinder economic growth. On the other hand, international trade, which is driven by differences in labor productivity, technology, and production costs, is conducive to the optimal and efficient use of resources. Meanwhile, based on the pollution haven hypothesis, regional differences in environmental regulation may lead to emission leakage.
Therefore, the achievement of the SDGs is inseparable from international trade. The discussion about impacts of international trade on sustainable development requires to consider production and consumption relationship of the entire supply chain and would provide implications for international organizations to establish a fairer trading environment and obtain SDGs.
Promotor: Prof. dr. K.S. (Klaus) Hubacek | Integrated Research on Energy, Environment and Society - IREES | ESRIG, University of Groningen.
Daily supervisor: Dr. Y. (Yuli) Shan | Integrated Research on Energy, Environment and Society - IREES | ESRIG, University of Groningen.
More information and contact details can be found on the personal profile of Jiayu Wang
|Last modified:||11 April 2023 11.10 a.m.|