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University of Groningen Library

Support The UB per user group Staff Dealing with copyright in education

How to create a reliable link

Journal articles or e-books

Step 1

Provide a permanent link

If you include a link to a journal, article or e-book it is important to use a permanent link. Usually this is a different link than the URL which appears in the address bar at the time the item is on your screen. Use one of the following options:

Persistent URL

Publishers and/or databases (e.g. Ebsco) often assign a permanent URL to an article. Such a URL can be used in a hypertext link. It may say ‘persistent URL’, ‘permanent URL’ or ‘permalink’. By clicking on this, the URL which you can use will appear. The reference to a persistent URL is sometimes located in menu ‘export’ or ‘cite’, or indicated by an icon for exit, export etc. Copy the URL and enter into the link generator to create a proxy-link.

Example persistent url

If the article is in a database for which the UG holds a licence and you are logged in, the URL in the description may already include the proxy. In this case, you can use this link directly; you can skip step 2.

DOI code

Many publishers assign a so-called Digital Object Identifier (DOI) to each article. Use this to create a proxy link in step 2.

Example of a URL including a DOI:

Example url with a DOI included

If the article is in a database for which the UG holds a licence and you are logged in, the URL in the description may already include the proxy. In this case, you can use this link directly; you can skip step 2.

Example of a URL including a DOI and proxy:

Example of a URL including a DOI and proxy

No URL presented?

In case no URL is presented, but only the number of the DOI, e.g.: 10.1111/ddg.12424, you can create a URL yourself. Always put http://dx.doi.org/ before the DOI code. The link will then look like this: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ddg.12424. Use this link to create a proxy link in step 2.

Please note that APA journals are not accessible via a DOI link. The RUG provides licenses for APA journals via Ebsco, which is why you should always use Ebsco’s persistent link when using APA journals.

Refer to SmartCat

In SmartCat, click on ‘link’ in the top right menu while on the page of the article or book. By doing so, you refer to the description of the publication within SmartCat.

Please note
You do not need to generate a proxy-link.

SmartCat link

Step 2

Create a ‘proxy link'

To ensure students also have access to the publication outside the UG, always link via the proxy-server. This can be achieved by using the linkgenerator. In the link generator you add the publication’s persistent url or DOI link from step 1. Use the generated proxy link in Nestor to share the publication.

Please note:
Always check that the link actually shows the full text of the desired publication!

No persistent link available?

Persistent links are not always available. Particularly not for publications which are freely accessible on the internet. In these cases, use the URL in the address bar of your browser. You do not need to generate a proxy link.

Surfconext

When a publication is offered by Surfconext (e.g. Kluwer Navigator, Legal Intelligence) you will have to use the permanent url mentioned next to the article. N.B.: don't use the proxy! You can recognize a Surfconext database by the fact that you have to state you're connected to the University of Groningen or UMCG prior to accessing the database. Click on 'Login for WO/HBO' ; then choose University of Groningen or UMCG.


In Nestor: open link in new window

When the link is posted on Nestor, always choose the option ‘Open in new window’. Otherwise Nestor might give an error message when the student tries to open the link.

  • If you have questions or need help, please contact eduteam-library rug.nl (UG). UMCG staff may contact Marieke Pentinga.

Last modified:29 April 2021 09.55 a.m.
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