Javascript must be enabled for the correct page display




Charles Wolfe: Body, Soul and Brain in Diderot's Materialism

Lecture by Charles Wolfe (Gent), organized by the Department of the History of Philosophy

Materialism is the view that everything that is real, is material or is the product of material processes. This tends to take either of two forms: a more ‘cosmological’ claim about the ultimate nature of the world, and a more specific claim about how what is mental is really in fact cerebral – how mental processes are brain processes. In the twentieth century, the predominant science in this context was physics: materialism became synonymous with ‘physicalism’; the entities that were considered to be real were those described in the physics of the time. Here I shall not be concerned with the relations between materialism and physics, but instead with...(continue...)

WhenWe 29-10-2014
WhereRoom Omega

Reinhard Muskens: Calculi for Logics of Thinking Computers and Computer Networks

Lecture by Reinhard Muskens (Tilburg), organized by Grolog

In a now famous paper published in 1976, Nuel Belnap argues that computer reasoning should be modeled on the basis of a four-valued logic in which each value is a combination of the two classical values. Belnap also considers two lattices on these four values, one corresponding to increase in truth and non-falsity, the other to increase of information. Together these two lattices form what is now called a /bilattice/.

More recently Yaroslav Shramko and Heinrich Wansing (2005) have in a sense repeated Belnap's move, arguing that the logic of the reasoning of computer /networks/ should be 16-valued, with each value corresponding to a set of Belnap's values. They consider what is called a /trilattice/ on these 16 values and distinguish between an entailment relation based on the notion of truth and one based on falsity. These two relations are not equal or each other's inverses.

In this talk, which reports on joint work with Stefan Wintein, I will look at syntactic characterisations for these logics, with particular reference to...(continue reading)...

WhenTh 06-11-2014
WhereFaculty of Philosophy

Ulrike Hahn: Argument Quality: A Bayesian Perspective

Lecture by Ulrike Hahn (Birkbeck University of London), organized by the Department of Theoretical Philosophy

How to measure argument quality is a topic of concern for many disciplines. One long-standing tradition has sought to characterise everyday informal arguments in terms of typical 'schemes' and associated critical questions that may be used for argument evaluation. The talk will discuss...(continue reading...)

WhenWe 19-11-2014
WhereRoom Omega

Workshop on Kant's Formula of Universal Law

The Formula of Universal Law is widely considered to be Immanuel Kant’s most important articulation of the principle of morality known as the Categorical Imperative. Yet it is thought, even among Kant scholars and Kantian moral theorists, to face insoluble philosophical problems. As a result, the Formula of Universal Law has fallen out of favor, and Kantian ethicists increasingly turn to the Formula of Humanity to complement it or replace it altogether. In this workshop, four new strategies for a philosophical ‘rehabilitation’ of the Formula of Universal Law will be presented and discussed.

Speakers: Oliver Sensen (Tulane), Sven Nyholm (Cologne), Jochen Bojanowski (Groningen), Pauline Kleingeld (Groningen).

WhenWe 26-11-2014
WhereFaculty of Philosophy, Room Alfa
Also available in: