In the sixteenth century, education and politics were tightly interwoven. At this point the university was a victim of the political bickerings between Stad (Groningen) and Ommelanden (the province of Groningen). These two parties argued about the staple duty. This was a tax on products, which stated that all products from the surrounding areas (the Ommelanden) needed to be traded in Groningen (Stad). This happend to the great dissatisfaction of the Ommelanden and, in their turn, they repeateldy hindered governmental issues. One of the issues in which the Ommelanden refused to cooperate was the appointment of professors at the university. As a result, no professors could be appointed and student numbers dropped. Finally, in 1717, there will be an end to the conflicts. In that period, the University starts growing and after all there is a fresh prospective to the future. A future of infinity as we say now!
Zacharias Conrad Uffenbach visited the city of Groningen in 1710 on his journey through Lower-Saxony, The Dutch Republic and England. On April 9, he bounces along in the University Libary, where he probably expected more: "Nachmittags giengen wir auf die Bibliothecam Academiae. Selbige ist hinten an der Universitäts-Kirche, in zwey sehr langen, aber schmalen Gängen, welche vermuthlich die oberste Gänge von dem alten Closter gewesen. Es siehet sehr obscur und wüste aus, und sind die hesslichen Bücher-Bretter, so auf der einen Seiten hinunter stehen, lang nicht voll, und der meiste Theil der Bücher ist, wo nicht in der That alt und schlecht, dennoch so gebunden." He wrote down his very personal experiences in his book 'Merkwürdige Reisen durch Niedersachsen Holland und England'.
Petrus Camper was a true 'Uomo Universalis' and a scientific miracle. During the Enlightenment, he played an important role in the medical sciences. He published a great deal, through which he contributed to the popularisation of science in the 18th century. He also produced anatomical books with illustrations of is own. But he was not only famous in The Netherlands. Also the French Academy and the English Royal Society were pleased with his presence. Unifocus provided an account of this remarkable man and his work.
In the University museum you can admire this doctoral degree certificate ('doctorsbul') of Joannes van Rickenga. This bul orginates in the first half of the 18th century. Likewise to today, the document has to show that the person in question stately has been promoted at the university. In the time of Joannes van Rickenga, this happened with a seal as you can see. Remarkable are the signs of the engaged persons. This still happens today.
The university board gave regent Willem IV of Orange extensive competence in the University of Groningen, by making him 'rector magnificentissimus' and 'primus curator'. In this way, they hoped the House of Orange would saveguard the univerity. By appointing new professors the number of students increased. Willem IV was welcomed at the Academy building, after a grand procession through the city, which started at the Grote Markt. Protection of the House of Orange provided the university with a much needed boost, such that it made the French decide to keep the univerity open, instead of the University of Franeker, in 1811.
This picture shows an original menu of the Mensa university restaurant anno 1772. The map is in Dutch, but it says: 'Warm beer and bread with cheese in the afternoon. In the evening, meat, butter and pancakes for each student.' The menu looks delicious, even today! Nevertheless, the quality of food in this period was of the highest standards. This becomes apparent if we consider the statement of the senate in 1772. They stated that the hygiene in the Mensa was poor and students became ill. Until 1813, therefore, the university professors set up a schedule to perform daily hygiene checks of the Mensa. Everything to protect the youth of the academy!
Menig student of alumnus moet de naam Offerhaus bekend in de oren klinken, met name doordat er veel hoorcolleges plaatsvinden in de naar deze rector vernoemde Offerhauszaal. Van slechts een naam op het collegerooster komt Leonardus Offerhaus even tot leven middels deze prent uit 1775. Het onderschrift luidt:"Kerkvaders, Letterjeugt, en, wie het hebt begrepen Op wijs en vroom! verlangt ge een spiegel, die niet vleit; Hier is er een, door Eeuw en Godts-kunde opgesleepen: Hoe valt der waarheidsdach op blinkende Eerlijkheit." Een godvrezend man die vooral door zijn werk binnen de universiteit als docent en rector bekend is gebleven. Het is slechts een van de talloze voorbeelden van objecten uit het verleden van de RUG die voor iedereen op Academische collecties te doorzoeken zijn. Een aanrader om mee te beginnen: de Historische Collectie RUG en Studentenleven is online historisch smullen!
The Cabinet’s decision, based on the advice of the Van Rijn committee, will have disastrous consequences for the University of Groningen as a broad-based classical university.
The University of Groningen (UG) holds the 114th place in the QS World University Rankings. The QS Ranking is an influential ranking list of almost 1,000 universities worldwide. Last year the UG held the120th place.
Out of the 25 entries for the Dutch Huibregtsen Prize, the jury has nominated six scientific research projects. UG professor Pauline Westerman and Cisca Wijmenga, Rector Magnificus of the UG as of 1 September 2019, are two of the six nominees for the...