Skip to ContentSkip to Navigation

Groningen Growth and Development Centre

Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde
GGDCHistorical DevelopmentMaddison Historical StatisticsReleases

Maddison Project Database 2018

The Maddison Project Database provides information on comparative economic growth and income levels over the very long run. The 2018 version of this database covers 169 countries and the period up to 2016. For access to the data, choose either format:


User information

The Maddison Project Database has been thoroughly revised and updated, see the documentation paper for details. For new and experienced users alike, we strongly recommend the user guide in this paper to better understand the two real GDP per capita series and how they can best be used.

Attribution requirement - When using these data (for whatever purpose), please make the following reference:

  • Maddison Project Database, version 2018. Bolt, Jutta, Robert Inklaar, Herman de Jong and Jan Luiten van Zanden (2018), “Rebasing ‘Maddison’: new income comparisons and the shape of long-run economic development”, Maddison Project Working paper 10
  • For the references to the original research on individual countries, see Appendix A of Bolt et al. (2018).

For questions not covered in the documentation, please contact maddison@rug.nl

cc

License and funding
Maddison Project Database, version 2018
by Jutta Bolt, Robert Inklaar, Herman de Jong and Jan Luiten van Zanden is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License .


Documentation

Document Content
Rebasing ‘Maddison’: new income comparisons and the shape of long-run economic development
Paper introducing new concepts and new results of the Maddison Project Database, version 2018

Additional Data

Document Content
Regional Data
Excel format
Stata format
Real GDP per capita and population for regions and the world from 1870 onwards.
1990 Benchmark
Excel format
Stata format
Real GDP per capita in 1990 dollars, using the most current time series on growth of GDP per capita and the Maddison benchmark for 1990.
Laatst gewijzigd:25 januari 2018 16:40