Economic Transformation Database
The GGDC/UNU-WIDER Economic Transformation Database provide comprehensive, long-term, and internationally comparable sectoral data on output and employment in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Access to the data is provided below:
On July 15, 2021 we updated the ETD. Please consult the change log for an overview of the changes.
When using the data for whatever purpose, please make the following reference:
Kruse, H., E. Mensah, K. Sen, and G. J. de Vries (forthcoming). “A manufacturing renaissance? Industrialization trends in the developing world”, IMF Economic Review DOI: http://doi.org/10.1057/s41308-022-00183-7
The GGDC/UNU-WIDER Economic Transformation Database is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The ETD covers:
- measures of economic growth and labour inputs for 51 economies in Africa, Asia, and Latin America;
- 12 sectors of the total economy;
- time series with annual data from 1990 until 2018;
- variables included are value added at constant and current prices, and persons employed.
Please contact the ETD team at GGDC regarding any questions on the database at ggdc rug.nl.
The ETD has been supported by UNU-WIDER financially and through joint research work.
Country and variable coverage
|Developing Asia (14)*||Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Viet Nam|
|Advanced Asia (6)||Hong Kong (China), Israel, Japan, Korea (Rep. of), Singapore, Chinese Taipei|
|Latin America (9)||Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru|
|Middle East and North Africa (4)||Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Turkey|
|Sub-Saharan Africa (18)||Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia|
|* Asian countries are grouped into developing Asia based on the classification by IMF (2020).|
|year||Time period (annual data): 1990-2018|
|VA||Gross value added at current basic prices (millions, local currency)|
|VA_Q15||Gross value added at constant 2015 prices (millions, local currency)|
|EMP||Number of persons engaged (thousands)|
|ISIC Rev. 4 code||ETD sector name||ISIC Rev. 4 description|
|A||Agriculture||Agriculture, forestry, fishing|
|B||Mining||Mining and quarrying|
|D+E||Utilities||Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities|
|G+I||Trade services||Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; Accommodation and food service activities|
|H||Transport services||Transportation and storage|
|J+M+N||Business services||Information and communication; Professional, scientific and technical activities; Administrative and support service activities|
|K||Financial services||Financial and insurance activities|
|L||Real estate||Real estate activities|
|O+P+Q||Government services||Public administration and defence; compulsory social security; Education; Human health and social work activities|
|R+S+T+U||Other services||Arts, entertainment and recreation; Other service activities; Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods- and services-producing activities of households for own use; Activities of extraterritorial organizations and bodies|
ETD Linked Series
This data set provides sectoral data from the GGDC/UNU-WIDER Economic Transformation database linked to historical time series from previous sector databases.
|Last modified:||20 September 2022 12.03 p.m.|