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Groningen Growth and Development Centre
Faculty of Economics and Business
GGDC Structural Change Economic Transformation Database

Economic Transformation Database

GGDC/UNU-WIDER, release February 2021

The GGDC/UNU-WIDER Economic Transformation Database provide comprehensive, long-term, and internationally comparable sectoral data on output and employment in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Access to the data is provided below:

In September 2023 we updated the ETD. Please consult the change log for an overview of the changes.

Attribution requirement

When using the data for whatever purpose, please make the following reference:



The GGDC/UNU-WIDER Economic Transformation Database is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

User information

The ETD covers:

  • measures of economic growth and labour inputs for 51 economies in Africa, Asia, and Latin America;
  • 12 sectors of the total economy;
  • time series with annual data from 1990 until 2018;
  • variables included are value added at constant and current prices, and persons employed.

Please contact the ETD team at GGDC regarding any questions on the database at ggdc



The ETD has been supported by UNU-WIDER financially and through joint research work.

Country and variable coverage


Developing Asia (14)* Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Viet Nam
Advanced Asia (6) Hong Kong (China), Israel, Japan, Korea (Rep. of), Singapore, Chinese Taipei
Latin America (9) Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru
Middle East and North Africa (4) Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Turkey
Sub-Saharan Africa (18) Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia
* Asian countries are grouped into developing Asia based on the classification by IMF (2020).


year Time period (annual data): 1990-2018
VA Gross value added at current basic prices (millions, local currency)
VA_Q15 Gross value added at constant 2015 prices (millions, local currency)
EMP Number of persons engaged (thousands)


ISIC Rev. 4 code ETD sector name ISIC Rev. 4 description
A Agriculture Agriculture, forestry, fishing
B Mining Mining and quarrying
C Manufacturing Manufacturing
D+E Utilities Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities
F Construction Construction
G+I Trade services Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; Accommodation and food service activities
H Transport services Transportation and storage
J+M+N Business services Information and communication; Professional, scientific and technical activities; Administrative and support service activities
K Financial services Financial and insurance activities
L Real estate Real estate activities
O+P+Q Government services Public administration and defence; compulsory social security; Education; Human health and social work activities
R+S+T+U Other services Arts, entertainment and recreation; Other service activities; Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods- and services-producing activities of households for own use; Activities of extraterritorial organizations and bodies

ETD Linked Series

This data set provides sectoral data from the GGDC/UNU-WIDER Economic Transformation database linked to historical time series from previous sector databases.

Last modified:09 October 2023 10.43 a.m.