PWT version 9.1 is a database with information on relative levels of income, output, input and productivity, covering 182 countries between 1950 and 2017. Access to the data is provided below:
If you are new to PWT, please consult the User Guide to PWT 9.1 for further information and a guide to the available documentation. This Vox column is a good starting point as well. If you are an experienced PWT user, please consult What is new in PWT 9.1.
To stay informed about new releases, follow us on Twitter @PennWorldTable.
Attribution requirement - When using these data (for whatever purpose), please make the following reference:
- Feenstra, Robert C., Robert Inklaar and Marcel P. Timmer (2015), "The Next Generation of the Penn World Table" American Economic Review, 105(10), 3150-3182, available for download at www.ggdc.net/pwt
For questions not covered in the documentation, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
License and funding
Penn World Table 9.1 by Robert C. Feenstra, Robert Inklaar and Marcel P. Timmer is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License . This research received support through grants from the National Science Foundation, the Sloan Foundation and the Transatlantic Platform’s Digging into Data program.
|The Next Generation of the Penn World Table||
Paper introducing new concepts and new results of PWT, starting with version 8.
|Capital Services in PWT 9.1||
The composition of capital and cross-country productivity comparisons
Additional data and programs
|NA data (Stata, Excel)||The National Accounts data in current and constant national prices and exchange rate and population data|
|Trade detail||Exports and imports by Broad Economic Category, including shares in CGDPo and price levels|
|Labor detail||Details on the sources and methods for compiling employment, educational attainment and labor share data|
|Capital detail||Investment, capital stock and capital consumption data by assets.|
|Program package (coming soon)||The Stata data files and do-files necessary to replicate and customize PWT|
|Expenditure share correlations||Bilateral correlations between expenditure (budget) shares in the different global benchmark years|
|NA vintages (2009, 2010, 2011)||Older vintages of NA data with data up to the indicated year|
|ICP benchmark data (1970, 1975, 1980, 1985, 1996)||PPPs and expenditure at the most detailed level for publicly available benchmark years|
|Last modified:||21 January 2021 4.35 p.m.|