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Groningen Growth and Development Centre

Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde
GGDCHistorical Development

Historical Development

Welcome to the Historical Development research area.

This section gives access to our databases on historical development. These data sets provide long time series on indicators of economic growth, for a wide set of countries. Some of these series go as far back as the AD 1, allowing us to analyse relative economic performance from a truly historical perspective. For this purpose, internationally harmonised economic indicators have been constructed using clear and documented sources and methods.

  • Maddison Historical Statistics: The main database in this field is the Maddison Historical Statistics. The Maddison Project, initiated in March 2010 by a group of close colleagues of Angus Maddison, aims to develop an effective way of cooperation between scholars to continue Maddison's work on measuring economic performance in the world economy. The Maddison Project has launched an updated version of the original Maddison dataset in January 2013. The update incorporates much of the latest research in the field, and presents new estimates of economic growth in the world economic between AD 1 and 2010.
  • Historical National Accounts: The data hub on Comparative Historical National Accounts provides information on GDP, including an industry breakdown for the 19th and 20th centuries. It complements Angus Maddison’s estimates of World GDP. This database gives the user GDP estimates at current as well as constant prices, and presents more detailed estimates at an industry level. These data will enable researchers to analyse the process of economic growth and structural change in more detail.
  • Modern Times: The Modern Times project analyses the shift in economic leadership from Europe to the United States, in the first half of the twentieth century. To this end detailed benchmark studies have been made of technological competence and economic performance in European countries for three benchmark years (1910, 1935 and 1950) on the level of industrial branches.