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About usHow to find usdr. R.E. (Ruben) Verwaal

dr. R.E. Verwaal

PhD Candidate

Blood, Sweat and Tears

The aim of my PhD project Blood, Sweat and Tears is to analyse how eighteenth-century Dutch physicians increasingly rooted physiology in the chemistry of bodily fluids. Physiology was the branch of medicine that sought to explain the so-called 'animal oeconomy,' the way the human body functioned in health, which was believed to depend on the right balance between the bodily solids and fluids. Physicians therefore moved beyond anatomical structure to explore the very substances of which the human body was made up. Chemical analyses of blood, milk and urine offered new perspectives on the nature and properties of the body. While debating chemical and anatomical explanations of bodily functions, such as perspiration, eighteenth-century physicians believed that chemistry provided better insight in both physiological and pathological phenomena.

Last modified:29 November 2017 10.45 p.m.

Contact information

Oude Kijk in 't Jatstraat 26
9712 EK Groningen
The Netherlands

Vital Matters

Early Modern History