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Over onsWaar vindt u onsmr. B. (Bettina) Zijlstra, MBA

mr. B. Zijlstra, MBA

Head of Project Office (STeP) - EU Projects Manager/Projects Officer

EVIDENCE2e-CODEX (EVIDENCE2e-CODEX Linking EVIDENCE into e-CODEX for EIO and MLA procedures in Europe) - (21 months: 15 February 2018 - 30 November 2019)

Coordinator: CNR-ITTIG

“EVIDENCE2e-CODEX Linking EVIDENCE into e-CODEX for EIO and MLA procedures in Europe” Project (EVIDENCE2e-CODEX) aims to facilitate and encourage international cooperation in the criminal sector between the involved Member State authorities by improving the conditions for a secure and fast exchange of electronic evidence in the EU. In pursuit of this objective the project will develop a uniform framework for the easy and reliable exchange of electronic evidence in the specific context of the European Investigation Order in criminal matters (EIO) and Mutual Legal Assistance (MLA) Procedure, regulated by the European Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters, adopted by the Council of Europe.

The lack of internal border control in EU and the increasing use of Internet technologies give EU criminality a cross-border dimension. Consequently, fast and secure procedures for access and exchange of electronic evidence in foreign jurisdictions is a vital prerequisite for the effective fight against crime. In response to the needs, EVIDENCE2e-CODEX builds upon the achievements of two projects - e-CODEX (2010-2016) and EVIDENCE (2014-2016), combining the EVIDENCE Road Map for harmonizing the exchange of electronic evidence in EU with the e-CODEX technological instruments used for the cross-border exchange of information between MS authorities in the field of justice.

The project will pursue several main objectives:

To create a legally valid instrument for the exchange of digital evidence related to MLA and EIO procedures over e-CODEX

To provide the legal and technical communities involved with ‘ready to use’ information on EIO, digital evidence and e-CODEX

To develop a ‘true to life’ example of how electronic evidence can be shared over e-CODEX in a secure and standardized way to support MLA and EIO cases

To develop a theoretical approach for ‘large file handling’ if possible followed by a specification for the practical implementation, as digital evidence could come in ‘large size’

To develop and work towards the implementation of an Action Plan and Guidelines for EU-wide implementation of the ‘true to life’ example.

The STeP Reserch Group is participating in EVIDENCE2e-CODEX alongside 17 other partners from 10 different countries. Amongst the partners are representatives of six MS Ministries of Justice, which will assist for the implementation of the project achievements in practical scenarios within the judiciary of the involved Member States.

EU H2020 MSCA-ITN-EJD - ESSENTIAL (Evolving Security SciencE through Networked Technologies, Information policy And Law) - (48 months: 1 January 2017 - 31 December 2020)

Coordinator: University of Groningen

Though security is a field of study capable of diverse applications in daily life, security science is a young discipline requiring larger inter-disciplinary effort. ESSENTIAL seeks to develop security science by addressing two of its main problems: the ad-hoc approach to security research and the growing complexity of the security environment. To do so, ESSENTIAL has set itself two main goals: a) to train inter-disciplinary security experts and professionals, to tackle security threats in a systematic manner and b) to increase societal resilience and security by addressing in an interdisciplinary manner 15 research topics, each associated with long-standing problems in the field of security science ranging from modeling security perception and democratizing intelligence to improving security and privacy in data ecosystems.

ESSENTIAL will be the first programme of its kind that aims to jointly educate the next generation of interdisciplinary experts in security science, by uniquely exposing the 15 ESRs to: (1) theoretical knowledge and practical expertise in such areas as: (a) the policing and regulation of information-security technology, and (b) the implementation of policies and legal standards within computing and communication systems; (2) real-world environments in law enforcement, intelligence and industry; (3) strong academic guidance offered by highly qualified supervisors and mentors; (4) high tech research infrastructures; and (5) a diversity of interdisciplinary research events, such as workshops, conferences, summer/winter schools.

The ESSENTIAL consortium is built upon long-lasting cooperation relations among leading organizations coming from academia, international and national stakeholders and the private sector, many of whom have over 25 years of experience in contributing directly to national, European and UN technology-related policy making.

EU H2020 - CARISMAND - Secure Societies: CARISMAND (Culture And RISkmanagement in Man-made And Natural Disasters) - (36 months: October 2015 - September 2018)

Coordinator: University of Groningen

As risks are not “objective” but socially and culturally constructed, disaster management which is aware, respects, and makes use of local cultural aspects will be not only more effective but, at the same time, also improve the community’s disaster coping capacities. CARISMAND is setting out to identify these factors, to explore existing gaps and opportunities for improvement of disaster policies and procedures, and to develop a comprehensive toolkit which will allow professional as well as voluntary disaster managers to adopt culturally-aware everyday practices. This goal will be achieved by approaching the links, and gaps, between disaster management, culture and risk perception from

the broadest possible multi-disciplinary perspective and, simultaneously, developing a feedback-loop between disaster management stakeholders and citizens to establish, test, and refine proposed solutions for culturally-informed best practices in disaster management. Whilst experts from a variety of fields (in particular legal, IT, cognitive science, anthropology, psychology, sociology) will undertake a comprehensive collation of existing knowledge and structures, a number of Citizen Summits and Stakeholder Assemblies will be organised. Systematically, CARISMAND will use an approach that examines natural, man-made and technical disasters, placing at the centre of attention specific aspects that affect culturally informed risk perceptions, eg whether disasters are caused intentionally or not, the different “visibility” of hazards, and various time scales of disasters such as slow/fast onset and short- and long-term effects. By organising six Citizen Summits (two per disaster category per year in two separate locations) where such disaster risks are prevalent, and three Stakeholder Assemblies (one per year) where the results are discussed through a wide crosssectional knowledge transfer between disaster managers from different locations as well as from different cultural backgrounds.

EU H2020 - CITYCoP
- Secure Societies: CITYCoP (Citizen Interaction Technologies Yield Community Policing) - (36 months: June 2015 - May 2018)

Coordinator: University of Groningen

Theories underlying community policing received new impetus with the recent advent of smartphones and social media and especially user-generated content (UGC) where citizens engage in closer interaction with their local community and law enforcement agency (LEA). The years 2010-2014 have seen a rapid upsurge of smartphone apps aimed at improving crime reporting and other forms of UGC and interaction associated with community policing. Yet these apps are characterised by a predominantly Anglo-Saxon approach with the largest number originating in the USA, a few in Canada, Australia and with the UK apparently the only major EU state where there has been some takeup of these technologies. CITYCoP sets out to find out why the EU appears to be lagging behind although Community Policing is nominally a policy which has been put into action in a number of EU countries. It then goes on to develop a solution including a new smartphone app and on-line portal which are capable of being deployed in any European city while still retaining “local flavour” and diversity. These ICT solutions will also be designed from scratch to be fully compliant with strict privacy and data protection laws. A training scheme, including use of serious games, will be

developed to assist training of officers and citizens in use of the app and portal. CITYCoP will benefit from a multidisciplinary approach that will include the sociology of community policing as well as cognitive science perspectives of the citizen’s interaction with community and LEAs through technology. The partners in CITYCoP build on long years of successful collaboration in EU projects dealing with UGC, smart surveillance and privacy (CONSENT, SMART, RESPECT) positioning CITYCoP solutions to achieve integration into smart city eco-systems. CITYCoP will pilot deployments of multi-lingual smartphone apps, portals and serious games training packages in Bucharest (Romania), Lisbon (Portugal), Florence (Italy), Sheffield (UK).

EU FP7 - SiS: MAPPING (48 months: March 2014 - February 2018)

Coordinator: University of Groningen

Building on the results of several EU FP7 projects including CONSENT (covering on-line consent and privacy in social networks), SMART and RESPECT (which cover smart and on-line surveillance, etc.) MAPPING’s goal is to create an all-round and “joined-up” understanding of the many and varied economic, social, legal and ethical aspects of the recent developments on the Internet, and their consequences for the individual and society at large. MAPPING would specifically capitalise upon and debate the existing innovation policies, business models and legal framework related to the implementation of the Digital Agenda for Europe and the changes needed to set up an improved governance structure for the EU innovation ecosystem. The key to MAPPING’s success would be its planned mobilisation and mutual learning of a wide spectrum of ICT-related stakeholders and social actors from both EU Member States and associated countries, including academics, law and policy makers, ISPs, international and EU Internet governance bodies, NGOs and civil society organisations. The project would provide these actors with a forum for informed discussion of issues related to the digital transition, such as problems of personal data and IPR protection online, business models and e-government applications based on the use of personal data, economic exploitation of IPRs and open innovation. MAPPING would then move to create a Road Map and put forward workable policy guidelines based on a multidisciplinary perspective on the latest and foreseeable developments in ICTs taking into account conflicting interests, perceptions and practices of different societal actors that shape the EU’s technological future. MAPPING would thus significantly contribute to creating an enabling framework for completing the digital transition and improving the innovation climate in the EU.

(48 Months: May 2014 - April 2018)

SIIP is a break-through Suspect Identification (SI) solution based on a novel SI engine fusing multiple speech analytic algorithms (e.g. voiceprints recognition, Gender/Age/Language/Accent ID, Keyword/ Taxonomy spotting and Voice cloning detection). This Fused Speaker Identification will result in significantly higher true-positive speaker identification, reduced False-Positives/Negatives while increasing reliability and confidence. SIIP analyzes rich metadata from the voice samples and social media. SIIP provides judicial admissible evidence for identifying crime/terror suspects as well as for mapping/ tracing the suspect terror/crime network. SIIP is crucial when individuals use Internet-based applications (e.g. VoIP or social media) to plan a crime or terrorist attack. The results of SIIP can easily be shared with relevant authorities based on a sustainable SIIP Info Sharing Center (SISC) located at INTERPOL. SISC guarantees an increased reliability of the identification results through advanced technologies and through voice samples checked against a large centralized database of samples collected by the 190 INTERPOL members (based on standard operating/data privacy procedures). SIIP multiplies the information sharing and cooperation in the LEA community and speeds up the use of speaker identification by LEAs in Europe not only for individual identification but also for authentication. SIIP runs on all speech sources (e.g. Internet, PSTN, Cellular and SATCOM) and uses the latest OSINT data mining applications to obtain and corroborate voice samples.The SIIP consortium consists of 17 partners bringing together end-users, SME’s, industrial and academic partners from a variety of fields including Speech analytics, Social Media Analytics, and Integration. To maximize its impact, SIIP will be designed, developed and tested with INTERPOL and police forces in the UK and Portugal, taking into account the various EU legal/ethical aspects and Interpol regulations.

Finished projects:

EU FP7 SEC: EVIDENCE (Finished October 2016)

All legal proceedings rely on the production of evidence in order to take place. Electronic evidence is no different from traditional evidence in that it is necessary for the party introducing it into legal proceedings, to be able to demonstrate that it is no more and no less than it was, when it came into their possession. In other words, no changes, deletions, additions orother alterations have taken place. The very nature of data and information held in electronic form makes it easier to manipulate than traditional forms of data. When acquired and exchanged integrity of the information must be maintained and proved. Legislations on criminal procedures in many European countries were enacted before these technologies appeared, thus taking no account of them and creating a scenario where criteria are different and uncertain, regulations are not harmonized and aligned and therefore exchange among EU countries jurisdictions, at transnational level, is very hard to be realized. What is missing is a Common European Framework to guide policy makers,Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs), judges/magistrates aswell as lawyers and prosecutors when dealing with digital evidence treatment and exchange.

EU FP7 SEC: INGRESS (Finished April 2017)

The objective of INGRESS is to research, develop and validate innovative technology to take fingerprint images by looking at additional biometrics associated with the finger. The project will pave the way to the manufacturing of innovative fingerprint scanners capable of properly sensing fingerprints of intrinsic very-low quality and/or characterized by superficial skin disorders.
The project focuses on capturing sub-surface fingerprint and delivering a high-quality image. The technology stream of the project focuses on medical imaging technique, such as ultrasound and Full Field Optical Coherence Tomography (FFOCT), to acquire the fingerprint matrix in the dermis. Furthermore, INGRESS studies the use of Printed Organic Electronics (POE) technologies and components, such as the passive matrix of Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLED) and Organic Photo Diodes (OPDs) to create a new generation of high resolution fingerprint sensors.
INGRESS both validated the developed technologies and proposed a technology development roadmap for the purpose of using fingerprints from the identity document in border control and law enforcement applications.

EU FP7 SEC: E-CRIME (Finished March 2017)

E-CRIME (the economic impacts of cyber crime) is a three year project that started in April 2014 and will end in March 2017. The aim of the project is  to  reconstruct the spread and development of cyber crime in non-information and communications technology (non-ICT) sectors from the perspective of its economic impact on the key fabrics (i.e., economic and social) and different levels of European society, while also identifying and developing concrete measures to manage and deter cyber crime.

E-CRIME focuses on:

  1. Mapping  the observable developments and effects of cyber crime within and among non-ICT sectors, Member States and diverse stakeholder communities
  2. Assessing existing counter-measures
  3. Measuring the economic impact of cyber crime on non ICT-sectors and
  4. Developing concrete inter-sector and intra-sector solutions to address cyber crime

EU FP7 - SSH: CONSENT (finished 30 April 2013)

Coordinator: University of Groningen

CONSENT is the largest EU-supported multi-million Euro research project investigating consumer sentiment and privacy in on-line situations.


One of the key changes in societal trends and lifestyles witnessed over the past few years has been the move on-line of many consumers and the way they have become increasingly sophisticated in their media consumption habits. Have these recent changes to consumer and commercial practices developed in such a way that consumers are (in)voluntarily signing away their fundamental right to privacy?

CONSENT is a collaborative project that seeks to examine how consumer behaviour, and commercial practices are changing the role of consent in the processing of personal data.

The project is coordinated by Professor Joseph A. Cannataci of the University of Groningen, Faculty of Law - Department of Corporate Law and European Law.

EU FP7 - SEC: SMART  (36 Months - June 2011 - May 2014)

Automated recognition of individuals and/or pre-determined traits or risk factors/criteria lies at the basis of smart surveillance systems. Yet new EU regulations and specifically those on information sharing between police and security forces explicitly prohibit automated decision-taking regarding individuals unless “authorised by a law which also lays down measures to safeguard the data subject’s legitimate interests” (Art 7, CFD 2008/977/JHA). Which laws are applicable in this context? What measures are envisioned? What else should the law contain? Can the laws be technology-neutral but sector specific, thus permitting a measured approach to the appropriateness of smart surveillance technologies in key security applications? Can they be extended to all security applications of smart surveillance, even those not covered by CFD 2008/977/JHA?

The SMART project addresses these and other questions through a comprehensive approach which combines a technical review of key application areas by sector with a review of existing pertinent legislation to then produce a set of guidelines and a model law compliant with CFD 2008/977/JHA and EU Directive 46/95.

This project is coordinated by Professor Joseph A. Cannataci from the University of Malta in close cooperation with the University of Groningen, Faculty of Law - Department of Corporate Law and European Law.

EU FP7 - SEC: RESPECT  - (40 months: February 2012 - May 2015)

Convenience and cost-effectiveness are the two key considerations for both citizens and security forces when deciding which technologies to embrace or avoid in the Information Society. State actors and private corporations adopt information communication technologies (ICTs) because they are cost-effective. The motivation for adoption may be different in the private and public sectors but once adopted these ICTs are then capable of being bridged in multiple ways permitting police/security forces to go beyond the data they gather directly but also increasingly tap into data gathered and stored by private corporations. These ICTs, which have to date gone through a period of largely organic growth, will be deemed to be “in balance” if they are implemented in a way which respects individual privacy while still maximising convenience, profitability, public safety and security. RESPECT seeks to investigate if the current and foreseeable implementation of ICTs in surveillance is indeed “in balance” and, where a lack of balance may exist or is perceived by citizens not to exist, the project explores options for redressing the balance through a combination of Privacy-Enhancing Technologies and operational approaches. Investigating at least five key sectors not yet tackled by other recent projects researching surveillance (CCTV, database mining and interconnection, on-line social network analysis, RFID &geo-location/sensor devices, financial tracking), RESPECT will also carry out quantitative and qualitative research on citizens’ awareness and attitudes to surveillance. RESPECT will produce tools that would enable policy makers to understand the socio-cultural as well as the operational and economic impact of surveillance systems. The project will also produce operational guidelines incorporating privacy by design approaches which would enable law enforcement agencies to deploy surveillance systems with lowest privacy risk possible and maximum security gain to citizens.

Laatst gewijzigd:02 februari 2018 14:15


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