A. Arian, MA
PhD Project: The XVII C. Safavid and French Diplomatic Envoys to Siam: A Politics of Knowledge Formation
This project explores the diffusion of ideas across Europe and Eurasia about how diplomatic envoys, as an epistemic community, needed to form social knowledge about peoples in the early modern period. This is examined through a comparative analysis of the knowledge formation practices of two diplomatic missions in the seventeenth century. These missions concern the Safavid (Iranian) and French diplomatic envoys to Siam (Thailand) in 1685. Based on the examination of these two envoys’ practices, I explore in the project how the diffusion of ideas concerning the formation of social knowledge about peoples was a function of a circulation of ideas on how to rule and administer a political order in the early modern period.
Project: Entangled Histories – Transcending Eurocentrism and Pluralizing Historiography in IR
Anahita Arian (RUG) and Friederike Kuntz (Marburg University)
Conventional histories of international relations in IR scholarship start with the emergence of the Westphalian state system in 1648 and its expansion from Europe to the rest of the world concomitant with the rise of Europe. Over the last years, this account has been criticized as ahistorical and Eurocentric, which has led to explorations of alternative histories and historiographical methodologies. First, IR scholars have put 1648 and (modern) international relations into perspective. Second, international systems other than the European Westphalian system have been introduced and compared. These re-engagements with history seem to be part of a larger effort to make sense of a global and globalizing world. However, histories drawing on concepts such as the state, sovereignty, and even international relations are exposed to the criticism of Eurocentrism. Inspired by world historical approaches outside IR, this project inquires whether a study of historical processes of entanglements and encounters can offer a way out of this predicament and allow for pluralist histories in IR.
|Laatst gewijzigd:||17 januari 2019 07:39|