GBB lecture Rob Phillips: Allostery, the Other Bohr and Biology’s Greatest Model
|Wanneer:||wo 11-05-2016 16:00 - 17:00|
We recently celebrated the 50th anniversary of a classic paper of Monod, Changeux and Jacob on allostery, a concept that Monod himself referred to as "the second secret of life". That important paper was followed shortly thereafter by a second one that revealed their musings on how simple statistical mechanical models can be used to capture how such allosteric transitions work mechanistically. In this talk, I will review the key features of the famed Monod-Wyman-Changeux (MWC) model and then describe its broad reach across many different domains of biology with special reference to ion channels and other membrane receptors and the control of transcription. One of the intriguing outcomes of this class of models is a beautiful scheme for collapsing data from entire libraries of mutants. Once we have considered some of the traditional uses of the MWC model, I will turn to more speculative recent ideas, which use the MWC approach to consider DNA accessibility in chromatin and the nature of kinetic proofreading.