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Lecture Alexander Morozov


07 June 2006 FWN-Building 5113.0201, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG, Groningen
Speaker:Dr. Alexander Morozov
Affiliation:Instituut-Lorentz for Theoretical Physics, Leiden University
Title:Non-linear instabilities in parallel shear flows of visco-elastic fluids
Date:Wed Jun 7, 2006
Location:FWN-Building 5113.0201
Host:Jasper Knoester
Telephone:+31 50 363 4369


Newtonian fluids are known to exhibit turbulent behaviour at large enough Reynolds numbers. Recently, it has been discovered that flows of visco-elastic fluids in simple geometries become chaotic at arbitrary low Reynolds numbers (the so-called "elastic turbulence"). When elastic stresses become large enough, laminar flows lose their stability and become turbulent. However, a little is known about the exact nature of this instability. Model calculations reveal that for some geometries the basic flow can become linearly unstable, while for the others it stays linearly stable for any value of the elastic stresses. Here we present a non-linear mechanism of the flow instability: independently of the presence or absence of the linear instability, the finite-amplitude disturbances can result in flow destabilization. We calculate the onset of this transition for plane Couette and plane Poiseuille flows and show that its sub-critical nature leads to the chaotic regime very close to the onset. We discuss briefly the role of these finite-amplitude solutions in sustaining visco-elastic turbulence.
Last modified:22 October 2012 2.30 p.m.