A Simple Route to Nanoporous Metal Foams
|I.Vukovic at rug.nl|
Metal nanofoams with a porosity above 50 v/v % have recently attracted great interest in materials science due to their interesting properties. We demonstrate a new straightforward route to prepare such nanofoams using diblock copolymer-based PS-block-P4VP(PDP) supramolecules that self-assemble into a bicontinuous gyroid morphology, consisting of PS network channels in a P4VP(PDP) matrix. After dissolving the PDP, the P4VP collapses onto the PS struts and a free standing bicontinuos gyroid template of thickness of 50 – 100 μm and interconnected, uniformly-sized pores is formed. The hydrophilic P4VP corona facilitates the penetration of water-based plating reagents into the porous template and enables a successful metal deposition. After plating, the polymer is simply degraded by heating, resulting in a well-ordered inverse gyroid nickel foam. Essential to this approach is the removal of only one part of the matrix (i.e. PDP). Therefore the template accounts for 50 v/v % or more. The porosity characteristics (amount, size of pores) can be tuned by selecting the appropriate copolymer and by adjusting the amount of PDP.
|Laatst gewijzigd:||01 juli 2015 10:54|