Prof. dr. J. Zaanen, Leiden University, Institute Lorentz for Theoretical Physics, Leiden University: Quantum criticality, high Tc superconductivity and the AdS/CFT correspondence of string theory
|03 March 2011||FWN-Building 5111.0080, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG, Groningen|
|Speaker:||Prof. dr. Jan Zaanen|
|Affiliation:||Institute Lorentz for Theoretical Physics, Leiden University|
|Title:||Quantum criticality, high Tc superconductivity and the AdS/CFT correspondence of string theory|
The general nature of matter formed from fermions is mysterious.The established methods of many body quantum physics fail and empirically one finds that the phenomenological Fermi-liquid and BCS theories fail: non Fermi-liquid quantum critical metals are observed in heavy fermion systems and cuprate high Tc superconductors. Remarkably, it appears that the mathematics of string theory is capable of describing such states of fermion matter. The AdS/CFT correspondence translates this problem into an equivalent general-relativity problem involving the propagation of classical fields in an Anti-de-Sitter space-time with a black hole in its center.Triggered by the succes of AdS/CFT predicting the low viscosity of the quark-gluon plasma, the focus shifted very recently to the fermions, creating much excitement. It appears that both emergent Fermi-liquids and non Fermi-liquids can be gravitationally encoded, as well as ‘holographic’ superconductors having suggestive traits in common with the real life high Tc variety.
|Last modified:||12 September 2014 11.21 a.m.|