What do Dutch general education teachers do to facilitate the social participation of students with SEBD?

de Leeuw, R. R., de Boer, A. & Minnaert, A., 2020, In : International Journal of Inclusive Education. 24, 11, p. 1194-1217 24 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Few studies have addressed the daily practice of applied teacher strategies aimed at facilitating the social participation of students with social-emotional problems or behavioural difficulties (SEBD). In this paper, we present two interlinked studies that address this topic. The main study reports on the development of the Teacher Strategy Questionnaire on Social Participation in the Classroom (TSQ-SPC). We tested the questionnaire’s construct validity by performing a second-order confirmatory factor analysis. The follow-up study presents the results of a survey of 163 Dutch general primary education teachers of inclusive classes using a modified version of the TSQ-SPC. It provides insights on the strategies that teachers apply in their daily practice to facilitate positive social participation of students with SEBD. The findings of both studies suggest that general primary education teachers apply a limited repertoire of strategies. Accordingly, there is an urgent need for further research focusing on the development of interventions and revisions of the pre- and in-service teacher development curricula aimed at adequately supporting and preparing general education teachers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1194-1217
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Journal of Inclusive Education
Issue number11
Early online date26-Aug-2018
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Teachers' strategies, social-emotional problems, behavioural difficulties, Inclusive education

ID: 64236830