Voluntary exercise prevents oxidative stress in the brain of phenylketonuria mice

Mazzola, P. N., Bruinenberg, V., Anjema, K., van Vliet, D., Dutra-Filho, C. S., van Spronsen, F. J. & van der Zee, E. A., 7-Oct-2015, JIMD Reports. Zschocke, J., Baumgartner, M., Patterson, M. & Rahman, S. (eds.). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer, p. 1-9 9 p. (JIMD Reports).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

BACKGROUND: High phenylalanine levels in phenylketonuria (PKU) have been associated with brain oxidative stress and amino acid imbalance. Exercise has been shown to improve brain function in hyperphenylalaninemia and neurodegenerative diseases. This study aimed to verify the effects of exercise on coordination and balance, plasma and brain amino acid levels, and brain oxidative stress markers in PKU mice.

METHODS: Twenty wild-type (WT) and 20 PAH(enu2) (PKU) C57BL/6 mice were placed in cages with (exercise, Exe) or without (sedentary, Sed) running wheels during 53 days. At day 43, a balance beam test was performed. Plasma and brain were collected for analyses of amino acid levels and the oxidative stress parameters superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, sulfhydryl and reduced glutathione (GSH) contents, total radical-trapping antioxidant potential (TRAP), and total antioxidant reactivity (TAR).

RESULTS: SedPKU showed poor coordination (p < 0.001) and balance (p < 0.001), higher plasma and brain phenylalanine (p < 0.001), and increased brain oxidative stress (p < 0.05) in comparison to SedWT. ExePKU animals ran less than ExeWT (p = 0.018). Although no improvement was seen in motor coordination and balance, exercise in PKU restored SOD, sulfhydryl content, and TRAP levels to controls. TAR levels were increased in ExePKU in comparison to SedPKU (p = 0.012). Exercise decreased plasma and brain glucogenic amino acids in ExePKU, but did not change plasma and brain phenylalanine in both WT and PKU.

CONCLUSIONS: Exercise prevents oxidative stress in the brain of PKU mice without modifying phenylalanine levels. Hence, exercise positively affects the brain, demonstrating its value as an intervention to improve brain quality in PKU.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationJIMD Reports
EditorsJohannes Zschocke, Matthias Baumgartner, Marc Patterson, Shamima Rahman
Place of PublicationBerlin Heidelberg
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)2192-8304
Publication statusPublished - 7-Oct-2015

Publication series

NameJIMD Reports
ISSN (Electronic)2192-8304

ID: 25345091