Publication

Vitamin D Deficiency in Risk Groups Living in Tropical Curacao

Leenders, T. J. M., van Eijndhoven, F. H. A., van der Veer, E. & Muskiet, F. A. J., Mar-2013, In : West Indian Medical Journal. 62, 3, p. 195-200 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Objective: Curacao (12 degrees 10N, 69 degrees 0W) is characterized by whole year abundant sunshine (8-10 hours/day). We challenged the automatic assumption that people living in tropical countries do not have a high risk of vitamin D deficiency, and investigated the vitamin D status in a tropical environment.

Methods: For this, we selected fifty-two elderly people with little or no exposure to direct sunlight [median 84 (60-96) years; 34 females, 18 males] and who were cared for by community nurses or lived in retirement or nursing homes. Furthermore, six rehabilitating orthopaedic patients [median 72 (38-90) years; one female, five males] were included. Serum 25 (OH)D, calcium, phosphate, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and creatinine were measured. Those exhibiting elevated creatinine, PTH or both had their 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25 (OH)(2)D] examined.

Results: Serum levels of 25 (OH)D below 25, 50 and 75 nmol/L were detected in, respectively, seven (12%), 22 (38%) and 48 (83%) of the fifty-eight persons. Four persons had combined high creatinine and PTH, and low 1,25 (OH)2D, which was not known by their caregivers.

Conclusion: Abundant sunshine outdoors is no guarantee for vitamin D sufficiency More attention is needed for vitamin D deficiency in risk groups living in tropical areas and elderly persons with poor kidney function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-200
Number of pages6
JournalWest Indian Medical Journal
Volume62
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2013

    Keywords

  • 25(OH)D, deficiency, tropics, Vitamin D, ELDERLY POPULATION, HYPOVITAMINOSIS-D, D METABOLITES, PREVALENCE, WOMEN

ID: 13648473