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Veranderingen in een 17de eeuws grafveld door dooiende permafrost

Loonen, M. J. J. E., Bosscher, F., Vastenhoud, H., Zanting, L., Bodegom, van, R., Steenhuisen, F., Dresscher, S., Rooke, W. & de vries, K., 2019, In : Paleo-aktueel. 30, p. 119-126 8 p.

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  • Veranderingen in een 17de eeuws grafveld op Spitsbergen door dooiende permafrost

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Deterioration of the permafrost due to climate
change could endanger the conservation
status of 17th-century whaler clothing in an
old burial ground on Ytre Norskøya, off the
coast of the island of Spitsbergen (Norway).
In 1980, during the Smeerenberg project, a
unique collection of woollen and silk clothing
was excavated, but more recent excavations
of eroding graves on Spitsbergen did not find
much clothing.
Permafrost thaw may have accelerated
the break-down of fabrics. An expedition was
undertaken to investigate the permafrost and
the surface conditions of the graves in the
entire burial ground. The soil conditions were
scanned using three geophysical techniques, the
burial ground was mapped with a drone, and
the graves were measured and described by
archaeologists. In this paper, we describe our
methods and show the first results.
Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)119-126
Number of pages8
JournalPaleo-aktueel
Volume30
Publication statusPublished - 2019

ID: 121960463